Ngo Thua An, through the story of taking the sutra, leads us to constantly control our inner self on the way of life, conquering malice and lust, finally getting the true scriptures, and succeeding in life.
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At the beginning of the story, Ngo Thua An wrote a very meaningful poem:
Chaos has not divided heaven and earth
Blurry, hazy, no one knows
Hong butt since Pangu opened
In the confusion from this age
Protect all species through heaven and earth
Give birth to all kinds of good things.
Want to know the great work of creation
Read the story of Journey to the West solving the yoke here.
It seems that in the story Ngo Thua An borrowed words from the Taoist side to talk about spirituality. Here, it is thought that the above poem expresses the state of purity and immobility, but because of the initial unconsciousness, consciousness arises, and from there arise countless things and events later. And he said that reading Journey to the West is to solve the yoke of suffering in human life, not like most of us who just follow the plot of the story, so we can’t see the great beauty that the author wants to say.
The first two sentences said when heaven and earth were in chaos, implying that when ordinary people were still, true enlightenment and unconsciousness were confused and could not be distinguished. Because true awareness and unconsciousness are like waves and water, though two are not two, but not one – because the two states are different. Because the true enlightenment (Buddha) is not clear, it is called the unconscious (being). However, the sign of the unconscious is not real, it only depends on the true enlightenment, so it does not leave the true enlightenment. If unconsciousness is gone, mind and scene will also be lost, true enlightenment (Buddha mind) will appear.
Unconsciousness due to the movement of the mind is called ignorance, because of the movement, discrimination (consciousness) is born. Because of the discriminative mind, the realm of distinction appears, from which the mind (capacity) and the object (facilities) do not. separated. True nature has always been empty, pure, unmoving (true enlightenment) without any ability, but because of confusion, it is unconscious and dynamic (ignorant karma) born with a distinction (change of signs) and realms. segregated (phenomenon). This is speaking in order of layers, not when there is an unexpected movement, the mind and the object arise at the same time. There were realms appeared, so the mind distinguishes between heaven and earth, opaque in, male and female, love and hate, etc.. from then on, there was greed and hatred; by having the mind to distinguish between love and hate, in the new birth of the concept of happiness, joy, and fear, etc.. do not stop; Due to the concept of continuity and discrimination without interruption, craving clings to things and then makes up names to call, thereby creating good and bad karma, being led by karma to receive good and bad results in life. after. Therefore, when there is unknowing, there arises subject and object, which have pairs of opposites, from which dharmas arise. When the mind moves, it gives birth to other impure dharmas, but when it stops, it has immeasurable wonderful uses of pure merit. Therefore, all according to the mind of sentient beings, manifest the signs of impurity. Then contamination, purity, enlightenment, and unknowing are all illusory, as if they are just names that are not real.
It is said that since the chaos was divided, in the division of heaven and earth, in the country of Ao Lai, on Hoa Qua mountain, a fairy stone cracked, giving birth to a stone egg the size of a ball, turning into a stone monkey when met with the wind. (act 1)
This passage shows the monkey born from stone eggs, which stone eggs come from heaven and earth. So where did heaven and earth come from? Here, it must be said that the opposite is the birth of heaven and earth from a monkey. (Heaven and earth here can also be understood as emptiness and form). Why? Because heaven does not say this is heaven, earth does not say this is earth, but since there is a monkey (consciousness), it says that this empty void is called heaven; and the place where plants and animals live is called land. Then, since the monkey was born, he called this heaven, that was the earth, and had all the things in this world.
As we all know, Monkey is an animal that refuses to stay still, its limbs are very fickle, letting go of one thing and grasping another, sometimes scratching, sometimes climbing…. This place Ngo Thua An has a very good metaphor. Just as our body has a head, body and limbs. The head is the master of the whole body, because the brain and the central nervous system are there, but the brain is only the size of the ball, which represents the stone egg. If the stone egg is kicked by the ball without encountering the wind, it will not give birth to a stone monkey, so the stone egg is just a stone egg.
Here it is said that the wind is Dynamic, and the Dynamic is the moving mind, which is the delusional mind (thinking and thinking), which is the false thought (remembering and thinking falsely), the Void consciousness (understanding the illusion, comparing and distinguishing between the two. ) also known as Vong Tam. All those states of mind are dynamic. When the mind moves, it is contrary to the pure mind, so it is called Vong. Although it is not true, it should be said to be a lie. Because the mind is activated, it says things move, not everything in itself that doesn’t say moving or not moving. Like the story in Phap Tanh pagoda in Guangzhou, two monks saw a banner hanging in front of the temple blowing in the wind, one said the wind was moving, the other said it was moving, so the two argued without reason. At that time, a Master Hui Neng approached and said: “It is not the wind that moves, it is not the wind that moves, but the hearts of people move”. This statement awakened the two monks (Dharma Bao Dan Sutra).
In the same way, if we are alert and lucid, even though the brain is present, but the mind does not move, consciousness will not arise. Although not moving – thinking and calculating – but knowing clearly but still being clear and peaceful, not bound by dharmas, just like having stone eggs but not meeting the wind, the word monkey does not exist. It is then that in the six bases of the Clear Know, see and hear… this, when there is form or no form; When there is sound or no sound, that ever-knowing is always clear and clear. Here, clear and lucid means that the six senses facing all phenomena clearly know everything without having a sense of movement, not the clarity that radiates light for people to see. It is very flexible and at ease in front of all things. And all things are as motionless as before that empty dynamism. Both are not attached, neither is attached to the other. It is then that we and all things are in harmony with an empty, motionless body, without division, this is the eye (the subject), the other is the thing that is seen (the object) at all. Because ordinary people, when faced with dharmas with their false vision, arouse love, and give birth to hope, they divide subject and object. Since then, there are pairs of opposites that are sad, angry, and hateful, etc., so there is suffering.
In life, if we do all things without being attached to the six worlds, and the mind is always calm and calm (because there is no hope), then we don’t need to practice, we don’t need enlightenment, we have to become Buddhas. what’s right? But we can’t bear that, when we do all the work, we are attached, we want to bring back everything we want, and then we become conservative. We must know that the Buddha and Patriarch’s teaching not to give rise to thoughts is to show us the cause so that we can realize the true mind that does not arise, does not die, which is present in the six senses. And also because people stubbornly cling to the dharmas, clinging to the understanding of the Buddhadharma, think that they have realized the Buddhadharma, but that fact is only understanding, so the Buddha and Patriarch created means to put aside the understanding. that of the meditator, and then use skillful means to indicate that which is active, calm, and lucid. Because sentient beings’ attachment becomes sick, they break that attachment for you. If people don’t get attached, they just laugh when they hear these words. Therefore, it is said that religion is a normal activity in life, living like everyone else without being bound by defilements. So someone asked Mr. Nam Tuyen:
– What is religion?
Mr. Nam Tuyen replied:
– The ordinary mind is the Way.
Normally, this mind is the absence of all love and hate, right and wrong, more and less, etc.. In daily life, for all mental states, the mind is not attached to attachment, seeing clearly, but settling clearly, so it is called the mind. normal. If a thought is not beneficial to others, don’t start it, don’t stir it up, let it be. As for the things that we find beneficial to others, we do it, but while doing it, don’t accept that we do it, so we don’t get attached. In life, all daily work such as cooking, washing, sweeping the house etc.. we do all that without worrying about starting to think of anything else, the work is very thoughtful and quick. But if those jobs don’t start thinking to do, how can it be right? Or seeing someone in an accident, or our neighbor’s house on fire, we don’t think of help, is that correct? Otherwise, we will be ridiculed by the world as passive, as negative cynicism. If people know how to apply tu right in life, any action will be of practical benefit, because doing all the work without seeing me doing it, not seeing the object we help and not seeing the work helps, that is, over three years. all of them feel empty – “Three wheels are not dead”. Because each action comes from an empty, clear mind, all dharmas are equal and empty. If we hear that we don’t give rise to thoughts, lie there waiting to die when we’re hungry, meet people in distress in front of our eyes, don’t help them… don’t do anything, that’s a wrong understanding of the Buddha’s teachings, a misunderstanding of what the Buddha said.
As for saying that I have thoughts, when I don’t start thinking, I’m gone? That’s not it! When you don’t start thinking, your eyes still see, your ears still hear, etc. Eyes, ears… are matter that will be damaged, it can’t see and hear itself… ) Perpetual perception of the six senses, even without starting to think, the six senses are still clear and clear. Right where this constant awareness can be received, how peaceful and peaceful! For example, when the eyes are open, they can see the scenery, when the eyes are closed, they can’t see the scenery, when there is sound, they can hear the sound, when there is no sound, they will hear no sound. When they are happy they know they are happy, when they are in pain they know they are in pain, when they are cold they know they are cold, when they are hot they know they are hot; until you don’t think about yourself, you also know, when you think about it, you still know that you’re thinking, etc.. The wise have this knowing, but the stupid also have this seeing and knowing. This Seeing and Knowing has never been born or destroyed from time immemorial, is always present and never leaves us. We don’t have to wait for thoughts and calculations to see and know, but then there is just no…