Posted on: December 2, 2001 Posted by: admin Comments: 0


The pioneers of Mahayana Buddhism communicated their beliefs more universally and systematically.

Buddhism has a very history of development over 2500 years and it spread from India to all over the world. Therefore, it is inevitable to form different sects with different cultivation methods and interpretations of the teachings to suit the situation of each society at each time. However, the Buddhist teaching itself does not have this sectarian division.

The sharp division into sects began to occur at the time of the second sutta collection (that is, about 100 years after Shakyamuni’s death). The first division was due to disagreement over the request to change the 10 precepts. These were not great changes, but were enough to cause the separation of the Sangha into the Mahasamghika, which mostly young bhikkhus wanted to change.

Buddhists carry colorful lanterns as they celebrate Buddha’s upcoming birthday in Seoul, South Korea (Photo: Chung Sung-Jun/Getty Images)

The rest adhere to the Theravada precepts that form the Theravada. Later sects became more complex and diverse.

The pioneers of Mahayana Buddhism communicated their beliefs more universally and systematically. Mahayana Buddhism has a localization mechanism, which is readily accepted by five Asian countries. Here are the first countries to sponsor and cultivate revolutionary Buddhist views:

Nepal

The first of the Asian countries which includes 5 Mahayana Buddhist countries is none other than the birthplace of Buddha – Nepal. A century after his parinirvana, sages have successfully found that modifying certain methods of conversion (e.g., from oral to written) and views (e.g. including dimensions) supernatural world) can help preserve the core lessons of the great master of gods and men. Ironically, only 11% of the total population today is Buddhist.

China

Other Mahayana Buddhist sages may have been born in Nepal, but the success of the movement lost its roots in China. The returning Buddhist monks then gradually infiltrated the land during the Han Dynasty, but the promotion of Buddhist values ​​in the national book of peace began in the Tang Dynasty.

Zen Buddhism merged with Taoist and Confucian influences and became known from then on as Chan/Zen. In fact, China is believed to spread Mahayana Buddhism throughout Asia in the same breadth that India was responsible for the development of the Hinayana tradition. Not surprisingly, 80% of its current population is Buddhist.

South Korea

With Chinese merchants discovering the neighboring civilization, Mahayana Buddhism later entered the Korean peninsula. Zen studies influenced the fragmented kingdoms of Sila, Goreo, and Baekje. In fact, Mahayana Buddhism through the “Middle Way – the philosophy of Emptiness” to Enlightenment has activated three rival kingdoms that are almost identical, culturally (apart from their spoken language). Only 50% of people in Korea are Buddhists in contemporary times.

Japan

The fragrance of Buddhist wisdom, compassion, and morality has spread throughout Asia, and the Northern School (Zen) has finally penetrated the Japanese archipelago. Although Shinto remains the core belief that justifies the Japanese emperor, Zen Buddhism easily converted the masses of peasants and warriors, 96% of Japanese citizens are Buddhists .

Tibet

Although part of China, Tibet is pretty much a culturally autonomous civilization. The same can be said of their Buddhist beliefs. As one of the pioneer followers of Mahayana Buddhism, the Tibetan school of thought maintains another traditional aspect followed by Theravada scholars.

Buddhism Explained: Religions in Global History

The source: Travelers Today

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