Posted on: September 19, 2021 Posted by: admin Comments: 0


Since ancient times, filial piety has become a good moral standard of Vietnamese people. Expressed through the rules and behavior of children towards grandparents, parents and ancestors. Expressed through the rules and behavior of children towards grandparents, parents and ancestors.

Eastern, filial piety is considered as the foundation of the ethics of Confucianism and Buddhism. The article focuses on raising a few views on filial piety of Confucianism and Buddhism, generalizing the similarities and differences in the concept of filial piety of the two religions and the features of integration with indigenous culture in Vietnam. .

About the word Hieu

Depending on the culture of each country to define the word “filial” in broad or narrow categories. For the Vietnamese, “filial” means to wholeheartedly love, respect, care for and nurture grandparents and parents. [1] and funeral rites [2]. When “filial piety” becomes the moral standard in society, the laws and principles for individuals and social groups to regulate their behavior will be considered “religious”. Confucianism and Buddhism are two religions that have a great influence on the spiritual life of Vietnamese people. Capital attaching importance to human qualities and ethical value systems, filial piety has become the doctrines and philosophies of religions. Filial piety, filial piety, filial piety, filial piety, filial piety… are expressed through specific teachings for believers or people to follow.

The spirit of filial piety in Confucianism

Confucianism, also known as Confucianism or Confucianism, is a system of ethics, social philosophy, educational philosophy, and politics proposed by Confucius, developed by his disciples with the aim of building a society. harmony, people know how to behave according to reason and morality. See “Culture – Ceremonies – Human Rule – Virtue” as principles for managing society and building a peaceful society. Therefore, filial piety in Confucianism is expressed through nurturing and respecting grandparents and parents; preserve his body to connect his father’s will to pay filial piety to the parents; and the grief of children when their parents die.

Filial piety: Love in the day of the pandemic

Since ancient times, filial piety has become a good moral standard of Vietnamese people.

Nurturing and respecting grandparents and parents is the basic category of filial piety: “serve your parents first, then worship the king, and finally establish yourself.” [3]. Confucius and his disciples all affirmed that children who serve their parents without respect are not filial: “Today, seeing someone who can take care of their parents, people call them filial piety. . But like horses and dogs, people can keep them too. So if there’s no filial piety while rearing, what’s the difference between raising parents and raising horses?” [4]. Thus, filial piety must be derived from the heart, from emotions, not simply fulfilling responsibilities. The association of filial piety with manners (respect) shows that Confucianism values ​​the roots of being human, becoming the standard for assessing personality and human status in society.

Filial piety is also expressed by the fact that descendants must respect themselves, follow their ancestors, and continue the lineage. According to “Hieu filial piety”, from the body to the physique of a child is given by his parents, so the son has to take care of his body: “Body, hair, skin, received from parents, dare not hurt Love is the beginning of filial piety. Establishing himself and practicing the Way, promoting the name of posterity, to brighten up his parents, not daring to hurt that is the beginning of filial piety. [5]. Appreciating life to continue the common cause of the ancestors to worry about the birth, bringing a good reputation to the family is considered a way of complete filial piety, Confucius said: “As long as the father is still alive, the Observe the will of the son, when the father dies, observe the behavior of the son. If three years after the death of the father, the son does not change the rules of sonship towards his father, that is a filial son.” [6]. Zeng Tzu summarizes in “The three things of filial piety”: “The filial piety has three things: great filial piety is respecting one’s parents, the second is not doing anything to cause scandal for the parents, and the last is nurturing the parents.” [7]. Not getting married to have children is the biggest unfilial sin: Unfilial filial piety, unfilial piety, unfilial piety. Force majeure submission: Serving parents must gently advise and dissuade. If parents refuse to listen, they still have to be respectful and must not disobey their parents’ wishes. [8] considered a different concept of filial piety in ancient Confucianism, it is less widely accepted today in modern society.

Burying parents in death, remembering the deceased is also the most important thing of a filial son, fulfilling his religion as a human being. Confucius said: “A filial son should take care of his parents, live with utmost respect, take care of his parents with utmost joy, when his parents are sick, he must worry with all his heart, when taking care of the funeral, he must be extremely have mercy, when making sacrifices, parents must be extremely dignified.” [9]. But he also reminded everything not to be excessive, ostentatious leading to imbalance, affecting yourself.

The spirit of filial piety in the Earth Store Sutra

Filial piety must come from the heart, bringing practical benefits to parents in the present and in the future.

Filial piety must come from the heart, bringing practical benefits to parents in the present and in the future.

Filial piety in Buddhism

Buddhism is the path of liberation and enlightenment. In terms of filial piety, Buddhism is also known as filial piety, and the Buddha is the most representative of the spirit of filial piety. Filial piety plays an important role in Buddhist teachings, is considered as the foundation of Buddhist ethics. As the sutra teaches: filial piety is first, filial piety is everything, mother of all merits and virtues, mother of all good deeds. all the cultivation methods to become a Buddha. In addition to serving and honoring his parents and making his ancestors shine, a son must know how to make his parents happy through his behavior towards his parents and through his own virtuous lifestyle. At a higher level, the son must know how to lead his parents to the good dharma, get rid of afflictions, help his relatives to be saved for several generations, and permanently cut off suffering. Filial piety through the teachings of the Buddhist scriptures is demonstrated by long-term filial acts, coming from the heart, from the extended family to everyone and then to immeasurable sentient beings.

The Sutra of Vu Lan Bao Hieu describes the sacrifice of a mother when giving her child an image. In order to give birth to a child, there must be three harmony and convergence of conditions [10], the Buddha said: “Bhikkhus, there are very few beings who are reborn as humans! There are many sentient beings who have to be reborn outside of humans.” [11]. Therefore, filial piety to parents must be practiced throughout life, must be complete in both material and spiritual aspects, not having to follow emotions of joy and sorrow for a moment. The School of A-ham [12]pointed out five things that children need to be filial to their parents: to take care of their parents, not to let them be deprived; whenever something happens, notify parents in advance; parents do, respectfully obey not resist; parents teach, should not do wrong; do not hinder the right actions of parents [13]. Buddhism believes that the merit of taking care of one’s parents is comparable to that of making offerings to the Buddha when filial piety exists in each person’s heart.

Filial piety must come from the heart, bringing practical benefits to parents in the present and in the future. Taking care of and nurturing parents from the hard work earned by sweat to legally obtain [14]. Provide psychological comfort to parents and spiritual well-being by replacing parents’ lineage, preserving family and professional traditions, mentioned in the Long Sutras. [15]. Expanding and educating parents towards good dharma, going to the right path is the most genuine way to repay parents. The Buddha taught: “Bhikkhus, whoever does not have faith in his parents, encourages, guides, and abides in faith; for parents who follow the evil world, encourage and guide them to stay in the good world; for parents who are not greedy, then encourage and guide to stay in alms; For parents who follow evil wisdom, encourage and abide in wisdom, until then, bhikkhus, is to do enough and repay enough favors to mother and father.” [16]. Master Lien Tri taught: “Helping parents to liberate birth and death, only then fulfill their duties as children” [17]. The Wise Men Sutra and the Shaan Tzu Sutra say: “Buddha-da saw people filial piety, and became the three worlds of honor” (Buddha, because of his kindness and filial piety, became the noble one of the three realms). Giving parents confidence, leading them towards the right path, believing in the Three Jewels, practicing good Dharma, giving and practicing wisdom to keep the precepts is the filial piety of Buddhism.

When parents die, it is the children’s duty to take care of a thoughtful, dignified, and pure funeral. To help parents be reborn in a good realm and get rid of the hungry ghost hell, the Ksitigarbha Sutra instructs their children to be filial by making offerings, giving alms, doing meritorious deeds, and releasing living beings.

The Buddha taught about filial piety

Love in Buddhism is expressed in the world of sentient beings, and human filial piety is also immeasurable by the Buddha.

Love in Buddhism is expressed in the world of sentient beings, and human filial piety is also immeasurable by the Buddha.

Unfilial piety is the biggest sin in the behavior and reason of each person’s life. In the 14 commandments of the Buddha there is a sentence: “The greatest sin in life is being unfilial to parents”. The Sutra of Forbearance also teaches, “The ultimate evil is nothing more than filial piety.” People who do not treat their parents well can hardly live well and live well with others. Unfilial people are also unkind.

Love in Buddhism is expressed in the world of sentient beings, and human filial piety is also immeasurable by the Buddha. Parents in the broad sense of Buddhism also include “the great teacher”, the Brahmanical Sutra says: “If you are a Buddhist, you should be willing to try and release your karma. self-mother, self-born birth without any part of love, trying to six paths of sentient beings, and self-parenting.” Humans are born and go through many lives, so the sentient beings in the six paths are all our parents. Therefore, Buddhism advises Buddhists to work with loving-kindness in liberating living beings to show lifelong filial piety towards their parents for many generations.

The points of similarity, translation…

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