At one time the Blessed One was staying at Sàvatthi and taught the bhikkhus: “Monks, there are these four diseases for monastics. how is four?
Monks, a person with great desire, angry and angry, is not content with the four objects. Because of his great desire, he is not satisfied with the four objects of desire, he arouses craving, evil desires, wants to gain benefits, respect, and fame. He makes efforts, tries to get these things. After calculating, he went to the families to preach the Dharma. Thus, bhikkhus, these are the four diseases of the monastic.
Therefore, bhikkhus, you should study as follows: “I will not have great desire, be angry and angry, content myself with the four things. I will not give rise to craving, evil desires, wanting to gain benefits, respect, and fame. I will not try, try to get these things. We will endure heat and cold, hunger and thirst, and unpleasant words… Thus, monks, you need to study.
(DTKVN, Tang Branch II, chapter 4, section Roots, section Diseases [lược], VNCPHVN Publication, 1996, p.86)
Buddha’s teaching about two types of people who are submerged in water
Wanting a lot, being bound by fame and fortune is a serious illness of sentient beings. Although striving for righteous gain is not a bad thing, for the cause of liberation it is an obstacle. And more dangerously, when first-timers consider these achievements as a career, as a goal on the way to study.
Everyone knows that wanting much is suffering much. However, the temptation of sex and fame always urges, invites and ultimately not everyone overcomes. These entanglements are called diseases by the Blessed One, and of course, if they are sick, they must be treated and treated. Therefore, lack of desire and contentment are indispensable remedies for the journey of spiritual growth and enlightenment of monastics.
The special thing about this Dharma talk is that although some people try to do Buddha things, the goal is for themselves, not for the benefit of sentient beings. Closely, preaching to lay people in white robes, but not aiming at the goal of teaching, transforming and enlightening, but only thinking about benefit, fame and respect. And it is this that has raised many questions and doubts for many people before doing things in the name of compassion, selflessness, and altruism.
Greed is deeply ingrained in people’s minds. Not yet certified Arahant, greed is still there. Therefore, you must be wary of greed, accept, be patient and be content with the present to live a peaceful and light life. In other words, for the monastic, greed is a disease. This disease will be minimized and cured if diligently using the remedies for the lack of desire, contentment, patience and meditative efforts to wipe out ignorance and achieve insight.
The Buddha’s teachings on cause and effect