The unique architecture of Quan Am Cac helps the temple to never be seriously damaged even in the face of the most terrible floods.
History of Guanyin
Throughout the millennium of history, ancient architectural works have become a pride and glorious achievement of the Chinese people. Many architectural marvels have survived to this day and still retain their original appearance.
One of the most solid and respectable works in the country of billions of people is found right on the Yangtze River – the longest river in China. That is Quan Am Cac (also known as Long Ban Temple) – the temple is located in the middle of the Yangtze River (also known as the Yangtze River) flowing through the city of Ezhou, Hubei province for the past 700 years. .
According to records at the Ngac Chau Museum, the forerunner of Quan Am Cac was a temple worshiping Bodhisattvas in the middle of the Truong Giang River but was soon washed away by fast-flowing floods. Then, in the Nguyen Dynasty around 1345, this temple was rebuilt and repaired, officially named Quan Am Cac. This is also the only temple built on the nearly 6,300 km long river.
The arduous journey of building a temple on Buddha’s land of Master Huyen Dieu
Many people wonder how it is possible to build a structure in the midst of fast flowing water? Quan Am Cac was built on the foundation of a stone block in the middle of the river called Long Ban rock beach.
This pagoda is two stories high, with a total area of about 300m2 with a length of 24m, a width of 10m and a height of 14m. From balanced structure, delicate architecture to meandering corridors and double eaves design are all features of Jiangnan folk architectural art, which is the integration of the three religions – Confucianism, Buddhism. and Taoism.
Not only famous for its unique architecture, Quan Am Cac also makes people admire because every flood season, this temple suddenly looks like a dragon spraying water standing firmly in the middle of the river. 700 years have passed with countless terrible floods, Quan Am Cac has never been severely damaged.
Mysteries in the ancient architecture of Quan Am Cac
By the great flood in 1998 or 1954 on the Yangtze River, about 30,000 people were killed. Worse yet, there were record-breaking floods in 1911 that claimed the lives of about 100,000 people.
Although the flood rain washed away countless houses and trees on both sides of the river, Quan Am Cac still stood. “This is not the first time Quan Am Cac has experienced a big flood,” said the director of the Ec Chau Museum – Tan Song Lam during the severe flood in 2020.
On July 14, 2020, the water level of the Truong Giang River rose, causing Quan Am Cac to be flooded to the second floor, revealing only a white wall with blue tiles.
Because it was built in the form of a dragon, when the flood water rises, this monument looks like a fierce dragon spewing water. It is a testament to the construction techniques of the ancients, even though there are no modern technological machines and equipment.
What is special about Ba Vang Pagoda in Quang Ninh?
The mystery in Quan Am Cac is the Long Ban stone block and the construction structure of the wall surrounding the temple. This Long Table stone is like an arc-shaped rock on the side of the ship, which not only helps regulate the flow but also reduces the force of the water. The outer stone wall of Quan Am Cac is also built in a streamlined way, all of which are triangular in shape.
When flood water hits, this outer wall will restrain the gravity of the rushing water, keeping the back of the wall under a much less gravity. That’s why Quan Am Cac is still standing despite having to go through rain and wind for 700 years.
Currently, Quan Am Cac has been included in the list of national key cultural relics protection units and is not open to visitors. However, that cannot prevent people from swimming here to explore this unique architecture.
Let’s admire some pictures of the most famous temple in China – Quan Am Cac:
In the sage, meet the good – The miracle of building a temple on the land of Buddha