Posted on: October 8, 2021 Posted by: admin Comments: 0

The UN Secretary-General’s speech is a collection of notes on issues that threaten climate change, traditional and non-traditional security threats.

Please introduce the speech of The United Nation secretary general António Guterres at the opening session of the 76th session of the United Nations General Assembly:

United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres. (Source: Getty Images)

UN predicts climate disaster

Your Excellency the President of the General Assembly, ladies and gentlemen,

I’m here to sound the alarm: The world must wake up. We’re on the edge of the abyss – and heading in the wrong direction. Our world has never been so threatened. Or more such divisions. We face the biggest set of crises in our lifetime. The COVID-19 pandemic deepens inequality. The climate crisis is enveloping the planet.

Upheaval from Afghanistan to Ethiopia, Yemen and beyond has hindered peace. The rise of mistrust and misinformation is polarizing people and paralyzing society. Human rights are at stake. Science is under attack. And economic assistance to the most vulnerable is coming too little and too late.

Solidarity – what we need most right now is lacking in action. Perhaps there is an image that tells the story of our times. Images we have seen in some parts of the world of vaccines being thrown in the trash. Expired and unused.

On the one hand, we see vaccines being developed in record time – a triumph of science and human ingenuity. On the other hand we find that victory erased by the tragedy of lack of political will, selfishness and distrust.

There is an overabundance of vaccines in some countries. While in other countries the shelves are empty. Most of the rich people in the world are vaccinated. More than 90% of Africans are still waiting for the first shot.

This is a moral indictment of the state of our world. We passed the science test. But we’re getting an F on Ethics.

Ladies and Gentlemen,

Climate alarm bells are also ringing. The recent report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change is a red code for humanity.

We see warning signs on every continent and region.

Burning temperature. The loss of biodiversity is staggering. Pollution of air, water and natural space. And climate-related disasters happen all the time. As we have seen recently, even this city – the financial capital of the world – cannot be “immune”. Climate scientists tell us it’s not too late to maintain the Paris Agreement’s target of limiting warming to within 1.5 degrees Celsius.

But the doors are quickly closing.

We need to cut emissions by 45% by 2030. However, a recent United Nations report clearly shows that with current national climate commitments, emissions will increase by 16% by 2020. 2030. We are faced with a terrible scenario where the temperature has increased by at least 2.7 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial times. A disaster.

Meanwhile, the OECD has just reported that developing countries have reduced by about $20 billion in their pledge to mobilize for climate action. We are only a few weeks away from the United Nations Climate Conference in Glasgow, but we seem to be a few light years away from our target. We have to be serious. And we must act quickly.

Ladies and Gentlemen,

COVID-19 and the climate crisis have exposed serious weaknesses. However, instead of humbly facing these historical challenges, we see arrogance. Instead of the path of unity, we are entering a dead end of destruction. At the same time, another disease is spreading in our world today, which is distrust.

When people see promises of progress being negated by the harsh realities of their daily lives…

When they find their basic rights and freedoms restricted…

When they see the petty – as well as massive – corruption around them…

When they see billionaires excited to go to space while millions of people starve on earth…

When parents see a future for their children that is even more bleak than the struggles of today…

And when young people see nothing in the future…

The people we serve and represent can lose faith not only in their governments and institutions – but also in the values ​​that have driven the work of the United Nations for more than 75 years. Peace. Human rights. Dignity for all. Equality. Justice. The United.

A breakdown in trust leads to a decline in value. After all, promises are worthless if people don’t see results in their daily lives.

Failure creates space for some of humanity’s darkest impulses. It provides oxygen for easy fixes, fake solutions, and conspiracy theories.

It sows discontent. Cultural supremacy. Ideological dominance. Stigma against violent women. Targets the most vulnerable people including refugees and migrants.

Ladies and Gentlemen,

We must face a moment of truth. Now is the time to express. Now is the time to restore trust. Now is the time to rekindle hope. And I have hope. The problems we create are problems we can solve.

Humanity has shown that we are capable of great things when we work together. That is the reason for the existence of the United Nations.

But let’s be frank. Today’s multilateral system is too limited in terms of tools and capacities regarding what is needed to effectively govern the management of global public goods. It is too fixed in the short term.

We need to strengthen global governance. We need to focus on the future. We need to renew the social contract. We need to ensure a United Nations fit for the new era. That is why I presented my report on our Common Agenda the way I did.

It provides a 360-degree analysis of the state of our world, with 90 specific recommendations on today’s challenges and strengthening multilateralism for tomorrow. Our common agenda builds on the Charter of the United Nations, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Paris Climate Agreement.

It aligns with the mission of the UN75 Declaration of finding a path to a better world. But to reach the promised land, we must bridge divisions.

Ladies and Gentlemen,

I see 6 divisions – 6 Canyons that we need to bridge right now.

First, we must bridge a peaceful division. For too many people around the world, peace and stability remains a distant dream. In Afghanistan, we must strengthen humanitarian assistance and protect human rights, especially that of women and girls. In Ethiopia, we call on all parties to immediately end hostilities, ensure humanitarian access and create conditions for the start of political dialogue.

In Myanmar, we reaffirm our steadfast support for the people in their pursuit of democracy, peace, human rights and the rule of law. In the Sahel, we are committed to mobilizing international support for regional security, development and governance. In places like Yemen, Libya and Syria, we must overcome the deadlock and promote peace.

In Israel and Palestine, we call on leaders to resume a meaningful dialogue, recognizing the two-state solution as the only path to a just and inclusive peace. In Haiti and so many other places left behind, we are united step by step out of the crisis.

Ladies and Gentlemen,

We are witnessing an explosion in power grabs by force. Military coups are back. The lack of unity among the international community does not help. Geopolitical divisions are undermining international cooperation and limiting the capacity of the Security Council to make necessary decisions. The feeling of impunity exists.

At the same time, economic and development challenges will not be resolved when the world’s two largest economies are facing each other.

However, I fear that our world is moving towards two different sets of economic, commercial, financial and technological rules, two different approaches to the development of artificial intelligence – and ultimately is the risk of two different military and geopolitical strategies.

This is a recipe for trouble. It will be much harder to predict than the Cold War. To restore trust and rekindle hope, we need cooperation. We need dialogue. We need understanding.

We need to invest in prevention, peacekeeping, and peacebuilding. We need progress on nuclear disarmament and joint efforts to combat terrorism. We need to take action regarding human rights. And we need a new Comprehensive Agenda for Peace.

Ladies and Gentlemen,

Second, we must close the climate divide. This requires trust between the Northern and Southern hemispheres. It starts by doing all we can now to facilitate success in Glasgow. We need more ambition from all countries in 3 key areas – mitigation, financing and adaptation.

More ambition on mitigation – meaning countries commit to being carbon neutral by mid-century – and concretizing emissions reduction targets by 2030 will help us get there, supported by…


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