Posted on: October 13, 2021 Posted by: admin Comments: 0


According to local media reports, recently, an official from the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) announced that they have just found two more Vajra buildings. Vajrasana) is also known as the Buddha’s Enlightenment in Bodhgaya.

Shanker Sharma, an ASI archeology expert, said that he and his team had found two Vajra buildings, the first of which is located inside a nearby Hindu temple; The second building only had a fragment left and was discovered in the grounds of Dai Giac tower.

In February, while researching the relevant data, Sharma was reinforced to believe that what he saw was the Vajra throne associated with the event of Buddha’s Enlightenment had been lost, but verification was postponed due to the Covid-19 pandemic.

Thus, up to now, a total of three Vajra buildings associated with the Buddha’s Enlightenment event have been discovered. These are exquisitely carved stone blocks that have been preserved at the base of the historic Bodhi tree to mark the place where Buddha attained enlightenment.

The first Vajrayana is a rectangular red sandstone carved and decorated very elaborately located under the Bodhi tree, adjacent to the Great Enlightenment tower. According to Thurman, this court was placed by King Asoka in the third century (260 BC). Currently, this Vajra building has become “the place where the essence of enlightenment begins to appear in this world” and is admired by pilgrims everywhere because it is an artifact related to the Buddha. Ton.

The first Vajra building is located next to the Bodhi tree and the Great Enlightenment tower associated with the Buddha’s Enlightenment event

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Two similar stone pedestals have been missing for more than 100 years: the second Vajrayana was placed under the Bodhi tree around the 1st – 2nd centuries AD during the reign of King Kushan; The third court was installed in the 7th century, and the origin of this Vajrayana is still the subject of controversy.

Alexander Cunningham (1814-1893), the first General Manager of ASI, excavated all three of these Vajra buildings during a survey at Dai Giac tower in 1880 – 1881. The rectangular treasure was built by King Ashoka. was placed under the Bodhi tree, but detailed records of the remaining two buildings have been lost.

During her research, Sharma consulted the excavation records of the archaeologist Cunningham, as well as the diaries of two famous Chinese worshipers, Fa Hsin (337-422) and Xuanzang (602-664). to find the characteristics of the recorded Vajra buildings.

Sharma said that after excavating, he placed the Kushan-era Vageshwari at the Vageshwari Devi (Saraswati) temple, east of the Mahabodhi Temple. This second Vajrayana is completely similar to what is described in the documents that he has studied before. Carved from gray stone, slightly weathered and possibly vandalized, but most of the slab remains intact. The court is circular in shape, with a diameter of 173cm and a thickness of 21cm.

The Kushan-era Vajra is located at the Vageshwari Devi temple, east of the Great Enlightenment Tower

The Kushan-era Vajra is located at the Vageshwari Devi temple, east of the Great Enlightenment Tower

The third Vajra building is also a gray stone and was found under a tree in the grounds of Dai Giac tower, the intricate carvings on this building have been erased and almost half of the stone has been damaged. ruin; the rest is 68cm wide and 16cm thick.

Patterns still visible on these two Vajra buildings include lotus petals, flowers, vines, vajra, animals, and geometric shapes.

Monk Chalinda, abbot of the Mahabodhi Temple, emphasized that no decision has been made on the restoration of the stone pedestal inside the Vageshwari Devi temple: “One of the two treasures is located in a nearby temple and does not belong to their jurisdiction. I. The other one is under a tree inside our temple grounds. In the next few days, we will decide what to do with this court,” Chalinda said.

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The third Vajra building dating from the 7th century AD is only half left

The third Vajra building dating from the 7th century AD is only half left

Archaeologist Sharma is preparing a report on his findings to be presented at the 20th annual meeting of the Indian Buddhist Research Association, which will be held from October 1 to 3. come here in Nalanda.

“These two Vajras are the most sacred objects in the history of Buddhism. If they were stolen or damaged it would be a huge loss; Therefore, these two courts need to be moved quickly to a safe place,” commented Sharma.

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