Posted on: October 23, 2021 Posted by: admin Comments: 0


After being destroyed by historical upheavals in the 9th century, in the 17th century, the Potala Palace was completely rebuilt on a huge scale by the 5th Dalai Lama Losang Gyatso. Construction took 50 years to complete.

Located in the heart of Lhasa, the capital of Tibet, the Potala Palace is considered the liveliest museum for Tibetan culture and a symbol of power associated with the Tibetan Kings and Dalai Lamas.

Standing in any direction in Lhasa, visitors can also see this magnificent and magnificent castle complex.

Standing in any direction in Lhasa, visitors can also see this magnificent and magnificent castle complex.

Potala is located on Marpori hill 91m above the city level.  This hill is believed to represent the Bodhisattva Avalokitesvara (Avalokiteshvara), one of the three sacred hills of the capital Lhasa.

Potala is located on Marpori hill 91m above the city level. This is the hill that is believed to represent the Bodhisattva Avalokiteshvara (Avalokiteshvara), one of the three sacred hills of the capital Lhasa.

Overall, the Potala Palace is 117m high, 360m long from east to west, and 270m wide along the north-south axis.  The building consists of 13 floors, the interior is divided into more than 1,000 small rooms.

Overall, the Potala Palace is 117m high, 360m long from east to west, and 270m wide along the north-south axis. The building consists of 13 floors, the interior is divided into more than 1,000 small rooms.

The palace building materials were wood, stone, and mud.  The wall of the palace is 1m thick or more, in some places up to 5m thick, using large stones to inlay.  Located at an average altitude of 3,600m above sea level, Potala is the most impressive palace built at a height in the world.

The palace building materials were wood, stone, and mud. The wall of the palace is 1m thick or more, in some places up to 5m thick, using large stones to inlay. Located at an average altitude of 3,600m above sea level, Potala is the most impressive palace built at a height in the world.

Potala Palace consists of 3 main areas: the palace area in front of the mountain, the palace area on the top of the mountain - including the Red Palace and the White Palace, and the lake area behind the mountain.

Potala Palace consists of 3 main areas: the palace area in front of the mountain, the palace area on the top of the mountain – including the Red Palace and the White Palace, and the lake area behind the mountain.

The palace area has 3 gates East, South, West and 2 guard gates, where the management agencies serving the palace are located such as the printing institute, the residence of the officials, monks and nuns, and a prison and stables.

The palace area has 3 gates East, South, West and 2 guard gates, where the management agencies serving the palace are located such as the printing institute, the residence of the officials, monks and nuns, and a prison and stables.

Located at the top of the Potala Palace is the Red Palace, a religious architectural complex consisting of Buddhist shrines with spiritual towers containing the bodies of deceased Dalai Lamas and a number of other halls.  The walls of the palace are covered with red lipstick, which according to Tibetan culture is a symbol of power.

Located at the top of the Potala Palace is the Red Palace, a religious architectural complex consisting of Buddhist shrines with spiritual towers containing the bodies of deceased Dalai Lamas and a number of other halls. The walls of the palace are covered with red lipstick, which according to Tibetan culture is a symbol of power.

To the right of the Red Palace is the White Palace with stone walls plastered with white clay, considered by the Tibetans to be a symbol of peace, as well as the living place of the Lamas while in office.

To the right of the Red Palace is the White Palace with stone walls plastered with white clay, considered by the Tibetans to be a symbol of peace, and also the living place of the lamas while in office.

Historically, the Potala Palace was built by King Songtsen Gampo in AD 637 as a milestone marking the marriage between him and Princess Wencheng of the Tang Dynasty.  The palace is named after a mystical palace in South India of the Tibetan patron Buddha Avalokiteshvara.

Historically, the Potala Palace was built by King Songtsen Gampo in AD 637 as a milestone marking the marriage between him and Princess Wencheng of the Tang Dynasty. The palace is named after a mystical palace in South India of the Tibetan patron Buddha Avalokiteshvara.

After being destroyed by historical upheavals in the 9th century, in the 17th century, the Potala Palace was completely rebuilt on a huge scale by the 5th Dalai Lama Losang Gyatso.  Construction took 50 years to complete.

After being destroyed by historical upheavals in the 9th century, in the 17th century, the Potala Palace was completely rebuilt on a huge scale by the 5th Dalai Lama Losang Gyatso. Construction took 50 years to complete.

Since then, the Potala Palace has been fortunate not to be destroyed after many tumultuous historical events such as the 1959 war or the Chinese Cultural Revolution.

Since then, the Potala Palace has been fortunate not to be destroyed after many tumultuous historical events such as the 1959 war or the Chinese Cultural Revolution.

After the major restoration in 1989-1994, the Chinese government officially put this place into tourism operation.  However, visitors can only explore a very small part of this huge building, under the close supervision of security cameras.  Many rooms are forbidden to take pictures.

After the major restoration in 1989-1994, the Chinese government officially put this place into tourism operation. However, visitors can only explore a very small part of this huge building, under the close supervision of security cameras. Many rooms are forbidden to take pictures.

The large gate in the foyer of the White Palace is decorated with crimson painted ebony and tied with five-color cloth.

The large gate in the foyer of the White Palace is decorated with crimson painted ebony and tied with five-color cloth.

Above the gate is a relief of 7 white lions with the words:

Above the gate is a relief of 7 white lions with the words: “Gateway to prosperity” below.

The two sides of the gate are paintings of the Four Great Heavenly Kings, considered to be the four guardian generals of Tantric Buddhism - the traditional religion of the Tibetans.  These are the homeless masterpieces of Tibetan art:

The two sides of the gate are paintings of the Four Great Heavenly Kings, considered to be the four guardian generals of Tantric Buddhism – the traditional religion of the Tibetans. These are the homeless masterpieces of Tibetan art:

On the walls of the rooms are frescoes with vibrant colors.  Pictured is the room where the Dalai Lamas live.

On the walls of the rooms are frescoes with vibrant colors. Pictured is the room where the Dalai Lamas live.

On the roof of the palace, there are 8 golden stupas representing each life of the Dalai Lama - the spiritual leader of the Tibetan people.

On the roof of the palace, there are 8 golden stupas representing each life of the Dalai Lama – the spiritual leader of the Tibetan people.

There is a tower that requires 9,000 taels of gold.

There is a tower that requires 9,000 taels of gold.

In the palace, there are thousands of large and small statues - cast in gold, silver, bronze ... creating very vivid shapes.  Pictured are the statues of Shakyamuni Buddha in pure gold (left) and the 5th Dalai Lama Losang Gyatso in silver (right), carved in the 17th century.

In the palace, there are thousands of large and small statues – cast in gold, silver, bronze … creating very vivid shapes. Pictured are the statues of Shakyamuni Buddha in pure gold (left) and the 5th Dalai Lama Losang Gyatso in silver (right), carved in the 17th century.

In the Potala Palace, there are also preserved bronze mandala (altar) which were cast extremely finely hundreds of years ago.  Pictured is a sculpted mandala with 170 statues.

In the Potala Palace, there are also preserved bronze mandala (altar) which were cast extremely finely hundreds of years ago. Pictured is a sculpted mandala with 170 statues.

The outer wall at the foot of the palace is the Kora, a road with hundreds of bronze prayer wheels (wheels of Dharma) embossed with Om Mani Padme Hum sutras lined up along the wall.  Groups of Tibetans walk while pushing the prayer wheel in a clockwise direction.

The outer wall at the foot of the palace is the Kora, a road with hundreds of bronze prayer wheels (wheels of Dharma) embossed with Om Mani Padme Hum sutras lined up along the wall. Groups of Tibetans walk while pushing the prayer wheel in a clockwise direction.

Tibetan Buddhists walk around the Potala Palace at least once a year.  They have to go clockwise so that the Potala Shrine is always on their right hand, because this is the best and luckiest side.

Tibetan Buddhists walk around the Potala Palace at least once a year. They have to go clockwise so that the Potala Shrine is always on their right hand, because this is the best and luckiest side.

Despite the development of the city of Lhasa in recent decades, the Potala Palace still stands out from the city landscape with its ancient and majestic appearance.

Despite the development of the city of Lhasa in recent decades, the Potala Palace still stands out from the city landscape with its ancient and majestic appearance.

Today, Potala Palace has been recognized by UNESCO as a world heritage site, attracting a large number of international tourists to visit each year.  This work deserves to be considered a wonder not only of the Tibetan people but also of all mankind.

Today, Potala Palace has been recognized by UNESCO as a world heritage site, attracting a large number of international tourists to visit each year. This work deserves to be considered a wonder not only of the Tibetan people but also of all mankind.

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