Posted on: July 24, 2021 Posted by: admin Comments: 0

Duong Thai Tong once called Master Huyen Trang “unparalleled in the world”. His life is an uncompromising energy and enthusiasm, with a spirit of striving to pursue the truth of human life and achieve his own ideal, enough to illuminate the ancients and the afterlife. hard to match.

The story of Master Tran Huyen Trang (ie Tang Tam Tang, see lesson 1) going from the East to Dai Duong to visit the Western Sutra is a true historical story. Tran Huyen Trang is a real figure in the history of the Tang Dynasty.

As mentioned, his real name is Tran Vy, born in the 16th year of Sui Van De Duong Kien (596 AD) in Cau Thi district (now Yem Su district) Ha Nam province. And the story of asking for Western sutras is also a real story, which was narrated by Huyen Trang herself very thoroughly in the “Great Road of the West Region”. He is a living person who has entered history in a glorious way.

He used to be a servant for King Duong Thai Ton (Ly The Dan) – the wise man who brought glory to Chinese history.

The incarnation of Tang San Tang in the movie Journey to the West.

The truth teacher Huyen Trang walking alone, riding an old horse as a foot. He went and stayed for 17 years in the West, including 2 years of going, 2 years of returning and 13 years of staying to study in India. Going from 629 to 645 (after TL) did they arrive at Chang’an (China). It is calculated that Xuanzang has left Dai Duong for 17 years, traveling over 50,000 miles, passing through 128 countries large and small.

When he returned, he brought:

– 150 Shariputra (The essence of the Tathagata).

– 2 Buddha Violin wood 4 meters high

– 3 sandalwood Buddha statues: 3th 5th, 2nd 9th, 2nd 3rd high

– 657 sets of Sutras, divided into 520 sets

– Along with some other treasures, and must use elephants, camels and 24 horses to carry them all.

In fact, the path is not obstructed by goblins (perhaps it is the cannibals who like to eat people) but the obstacles that hinder both physical and mental are very many and great, if it is someone else. will be insurmountable.

There was a time when Master Huyen Trang had been starving and thirsty for seven or eight days in the middle of a desert with blazing sun, not a tree shadow, nor a shadow of people passing by. But the Master’s will is really iron. There was a time when he was so hungry and thirsty that he planned to return to the east to find a place to ask for water to drink and then go again, but as soon as he turned his horse back to the east, he said to himself: “In the past, I swear if I don’t go to India, I will never go back to the East. Now I’d rather go to the West and die, don’t go to the East to live a cowardly life.”

Another time, he met cannibals (the goblins told in Journey to the West). Master Tripitaka is willing to sacrifice himself for those bloodthirsty demons. But in the middle of the abacus, there was a heavy rain of thunder and lightning. The forest people were afraid because they thought that God was not pleased. They hurriedly urged him to go, but he insisted on the others: either “eat Me” if it is really possible for him to make them live a long life, or if they want to let him go. must repent, abstain from animal nature, from eating human flesh. And in the end, Tripitaka converted them.

More than one thousand three hundred years ago, daring one man and one horse to cross streams and climb mountains, cross the deserts, and go deep into the forest to the mysterious faraway land of India, Tran Huyen Trang was indeed a great explorer in history.

Statue of monk Tran Huyen Trang.

Statue of monk Tran Huyen Trang.

That feat, that spirit of energy, the next generation cannot help but bow down in admiration.

During his thirteen-year stay in India, he visited most of the Buddhist relics, most especially he stayed at Nalanda Temple, studying the religion for six years. All the sutras of the Mahayana, Hinayana, Vedas, medical books, astronomy, geography, technology, etc. are gathered at this temple. The temple is presided over by the shaman Gioi Hien and the shaman has over ten thousand followers.

After six years of study, Tran Huyen Trang became one of the three best students of the high monk Gioi Hien. According to French research books, not only was a virtuous monk, Huyen Trang was also a profound scholar, a brilliant explorer, an erudite historian, a talented geographer, and a scholar. outstanding linguist, especially an excellent translator.

When he was still in the West, wherever he went, he also carefully studied the situation of each locality. When he returned to the imperial capital of Truong An, he rewrote it into a series of Dai Duong Tay Vuc Ky, consisting of 12 volumes, which fully recorded the history, geography, customs, and practices… of 128 countries that had been or have been. resident.

Today, the documents left behind by Master Huyen Trang are still of great help to Indian archeologists, and anyone today recognizes that what he heard and recorded by Huyen Trang is very accurate.

From the day he returned to Truong An, Master Huyen Trang started translating. During nineteen long years (from 645 to 644), he translated all seventy-five sutras, nearly one thousand three hundred and thirty-five volumes from Sanskrit, translated into Chinese characters, and one volume (Dao Te Ching) and one original text. translated “The Great Vehicle of Origin of Belief” from Chinese characters into Sanskrit, together leaving a set of “The Great Road of the West Region”.

At noon on February 5, 664, monk Tran Huyen Trang hung up his pen at Ngoc Hoa pagoda, because of illness and old age, he took the family name of 69 years old. On April 14 of the same year, Huyen Trang’s body was buried at Bach Loc Nguyen. On the day of the funeral of Master Huyen Trang, up to a million people in Chang’an and surrounding areas gathered to see him off to the place of Ultimate Bliss. After the funeral, up to 30,000 people built funeral tents near the grave.

From time immemorial, no emperor has been admired and worshiped as this one-of-a-kind Saint Sangha.

The posterity summarizes the life of monk Tran Huyen Trang

Duong Thai Tong once called Master Huyen Trang “unparalleled in the world”. His life is an uncompromising energy and enthusiasm, with a spirit of striving to pursue the truth of human life and achieve his own ideal, enough to illuminate the ancients and the afterlife. hard to compare.

In addition to this spirit, He also created achievements and dedications to make posterity admire. Luong Khai Sieu said that “Xuanzang is the number one god of Chinese Buddhism“, Truong Ky Van said, “Huyen Trang is the most exemplary international student”, and many foreign scholars are very respectful of his special achievements in terms of geography.

Regarding the life and career of Mr. Tang Tang, there are a number of aspects to be consulted and commented on:

In terms of academic culture

1. Huyen Trang is the most effective person in promoting cultural exchanges between India and China. He studied in India for 17 years and mastered 5 languages ​​of India (local languages ​​of east, west, north, south and central India). After returning home, he founded a new translation method (new translation), with a total of 1335 translated scriptures, and also served Lao Tzu to translate the Tao Te Ching into Sanskrit for transmission to India.

2. Huyen Trang was the first to properly understand and effectively apply logic in the process of studying and interpreting sutras. During his time studying abroad in India, he attached great importance to “Humanization”, “Humanization” is a of the five kinds of knowledge of India, also the logic or logic of all the doctrines of the time. China has the “Mac Bian” of the Moji school, which is considered the most complete logical system of antiquity, but no one has developed and applied it since. Mr. Huyen Trang brought Nhan Minh Hoc from India, it can be said that China began to collect a complete set of theory from abroad, which Mr. Huyen Trang in India had studied for many years, so he was soon able to apply it. into academic work.

3. Mr. Huyen Trang is the most successful translator. At the time the Huyen Trang Sutra translation association developed into a systematic and organized one. Although this organization was not the first creation by Mr. Huyen Trang, but through a long period of cooperation and support from the court, this organization is relatively complete, but the most obvious credit is still his. . Mr. Huyen Trang is in charge of the translation, below there are departments such as the certification council, the refinement of the text, the comparison of Sanskrit, and the writing of manuscripts, all of which are in charge of the outstanding talents of contemporary Buddhism. The method of translating Buddhist scriptures before Mr. Huyen Trang was mostly translation of the mind, of course, the translation of the mind also expressed certain advantages, but compared to the original, there were more or less additions; Therefore, Mr. Xuanzang reformed, using the method of direct translation, comparing with the original without losing the meaning, opening the era of “new translation” for the history of translation of Buddhist scriptures in China.

4. Dedication to the history of geography of Mr. Huyen Trang. He received a lot of praise from domestic and foreign scholars. A French scholar proclaimed the “Great Road of the West Region” written by Mr. Huyen Trang as a guideline for scholars to study India. It is a document for today’s scholars to edit, learn, and arrange in terms of history and geography of the 7th century. All that has been obtained is entirely thanks to His merit.

In terms of diplomacy

Because Mr. Huyen Trang, while studying abroad in India, showed himself to be a man of great excellence, so he was highly respected by the government and the people. During the victory of the Kanykudja congress, he was even more admired by the contemporary ruler of North India. After he returned to the country, Gioi Nhat King immediately sent an emissary to China, and Duong Thai Tong immediately ordered Vuong Huyen Sach and more than 20 people to send emissaries to India. The two ancient civilizations, India and China, have since exchanged back and forth.

In terms of personality and spirit

Mr. Huyen Trang, for the purpose of coming to India to seek the Dharma, was not afraid of difficulties but ventured forward. Let’s think about it, in a vast desert in the sky where birds fly under, no animals run, not even a human footprint, just snow and ice one after another, in the high cliffs with the wind and snow mixed in, the landscape The statue was eerily deserted. On the highway…


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