Posted on: March 28, 2022 Posted by: admin Comments: 0


Life always includes two sides of good and evil mixed with right and wrong. Expecting an ideal, pure model or group in the world is impossible. So we must observe life carefully to distinguish clearly who is good and who is evil; What is right and what is evil…

Life always includes two sides of good and evil mixed with right and wrong. Expecting an ideal, pure model or group in the world is impossible. So we must observe life carefully to distinguish clearly who is good and who is evil; what is right, what is wrong, and then behave appropriately.

To distinguish between good and evil, of course, is not easy. For those who are good at hiding or disguising their truth, it is even more difficult to distinguish. Even so, if we diligently observe their “characteristics”, we can also recognize signs of right and wrong. Because “characteristics are self-born”, the language and behavior of individuals always reflect the nature of their good and evil and their right and wrong.

“Once, the Buddha was in the country of Sāvat, in the Kyda forest, in the Garden of Solitude. Then the Blessed One said to the monks:

– If someone is in the evil group, what is the status, what are the causes and conditions?

The bhikkhus said to the Blessed One:

– The Tathagata is the king of all dharmas, the supreme one of all dharmas. Blessed be the World Honored One! Should explain this meaning to the bhikkhu-stilts. We listen and we will obey.

Who I am, right or wrong, I know for myself and everyone knows for sure. Therefore, reforming and correcting, giving up evil and doing good is something that needs to be done in the lives of Buddha’s children.

The Blessed One taught:

– The teachers are smart. I will distinguish this meaning for the sake of the Masters.

The bhikkhus replied:

– Please, World Honored One!

The bhikkhus obeyed the Buddha’s teaching. The Blessed One taught:

– People in the evil group will know by five things. Having seen the five things, you know that this person is in the evil group. What is the year? Worthy of laughter but not laughing, worthy of joy but not rejoicing, worthy of loving-kindness but not loving-kindness, doing evil without shame, hearing good words without heeding it. Should know this person is in the evil group. If there are sentient beings in the evil group, they should use the five things to know.

Again, there are living beings in the main group, what are their characteristics, what are their causes and conditions? The Bhikkhu-stilts said to the Blessed One:

– The Tathagata is the king of all dharmas, the supreme one of all dharmas. May the Blessed One explain this meaning to the bhikkhus. When we hear it, we will do it.

The Blessed One taught:

– Well-thought-out teachers! I will distinguish this meaning for you!

The bhikkhus replied:

– Please, World Honored One!

The bhikkhus obeyed the Buddha’s teaching. The Ton said:

– People in the main group will know by five things. Having seen the five things, I know this person is in the main group. What is the year? If you are worthy of laughter, you will laugh; if you are worthy of joy, you will rejoice; if you are worthy of loving-kindness, you will have loving-kindness; if you should be ashamed, you will be ashamed. You should know that this person was in the main group, staying in the main group. Thus, bhikkhus, should learn this.

At that time the bhikkhus, having heard the Buddha’s teaching, happily obeyed.

(A-ham Sutra, Volume II, Ta Tu, VNCPHVN Publication, 1998, p.357)

The Buddha’s teaching is very clear: “It is worthy to laugh but not laugh, to be joyful but not to rejoice, to arouse loving-kindness but not loving-kindness, to do evil without being ashamed, to listen to good words without heeding it. You should know that this person is in the evil group.” These are five important criteria for us to judge whether a person is right or wrong. And those are also the five criteria for self-appraisal.

Life is always fluctuating, body and mind are always impermanent, the boundary between right and wrong is sometimes very sensitive and fragile. Although we always act in the name (or think) of ourselves as members of the right sect, as ambassadors of good, but in reality this is not the case. So it is necessary to always take the Buddha’s five standards to test yourself in order to correct and perfect yourself.

Who I am, right or wrong, I know for myself and everyone knows for sure. Therefore, reforming and correcting, giving up evil and doing good is a must in the life of the Buddha’s children.

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