Reading and studying Buddhist scriptures, in the Ahamma and Nikaya we see that the Buddha taught about Emptiness. To make it easier for his disciples to imagine emptiness (a wonderful abstraction), the Buddha lured dharmas that were impermanent, like bubbles floating on a river.
It is the emptiness of the bubble; it is both fleeting and fragile, impermanent and fragile, like an unstable illusion. In the Ahamma Sutra, Buddha taught: What is the First Meaning Sutra? “Bhikkhus, when the eye arises, it has no place to come; when it ceases, it has no place to go. Thus the eye has no real birth, birth and death, has karma but no author. This aggregate disappears and then another skandha emerges continuously, that is to say, if this exists, that will exist.
This is the Buddha teaching Primordial Emptiness to his great disciples while he was still alive. In fact, it took a long time for the Emptiness of Buddhism to be exalted (clarified) by Bodhisattva Nagarjuna through the Madhyamika.
As Buddhists as well as Buddhist scholars, we all know Nagarjuna with the famous Buddhist Madhyamika. This work is also known as the theory of the Middle Way, when the work was published, it basically solved the harmony between the two ways of practice: asceticism (mortification) and liberal (secular enjoyment) according to Zen practice in general. in India at that time.
With the profound content of the Madhyamika, has opened for Mahayana Buddhism an open direction, on the basis of removing the knots of extreme thinking leading to conservatism. The emergence of the Madhyamaka as a cause and effect of the Mahayana teachings and the development of Buddhism – helps us gain insight into the impermanence and emptiness of Buddhism.
From the point of view of Zen Buddhism, we can affirm that if Nagarjuna could not have met Patriarch Ca Pi Ma La (Kipimala), the 13th Zen ancestor of the Shakyamuni Zen lineage or another name (Tathagata). Purity meditation) transmitted the Dharma to Mr. Nagarjuna, then (the Middle Way) was not born.
Based on known dependent origination: Before realizing Zen, that is, Nagarjuna did not meet the Patriarch Capil Ma La to impart the essence of Zen Buddhism, although with his extensive multicultural knowledge, he was praised by his contemporaries, but with Nagarjuna only understood about the “Impermanent” of Buddhism in the Three Realms, but did not understand the meaning of “Truthfulness” and the wonderful emptiness of Buddhism.
Due to the length of the article, the content of the meeting between the Zen Buddhist patriarch (Ca Pi Ma La) and Nagarjuna is not fully stated here, but only parts related to Nagarjuna’s Enlightenment. about “impermanence-emptiness” when meeting Capil Ma La in the “Impermanent” cave.
A little bit about Nagarjuna and the Patriarch of Ca Pi Ma La Zen Buddhism (13th life)
Nagarjuna, commonly known as Bodhisattva Nagarjuna, was born 517 years after the Buddha entered Nirvana, in western India. Father’s name is Long Chi, mother’s name is Ut Phuong. As a child, he liked to listen to Buddhist scriptures. He had a special talent when listening to Mr. Pham Chi recite all four sets of the Vedas, which he knew by heart. He is a person who loves to learn all that is in this world such as: Literature, Astronomy, Geography, Mathematics, Oracle, Magic, Religion… All these subjects he studied excellently. surprise people.
In Buddhism, there is the method “Impermanent study”, he recognized this method very clearly and thoroughly, so he went to the mountain to find a rock cave, which he named the cave “Impermanent”. People came to him in great numbers.
One day, the Zen sect (13th generation) Kapila heard his name, so he also came to ask him: Here you teach “Impermanence”, but do you know anything about “Truth is permanent”?
-He replied, “The Universe”.
-Listening to Nagarjuna’s reply, the Capil Ma La patriarch immediately said to Nagarjuna:
“You know one, but you don’t know two,
Knowing that, according to nostalgia.
Though he tries to “stop”,
Reincarnation can’t stop.”
-Having heard the four verses of the Patriarch, Mr. Nagarjuna immediately replied: So, how can I know the “Truth is ordinary” so that I don’t become depressed, please teach me, I thank you?
-The Patriarch Kapila asked him: What do you know the “ordinary truth” for?
– Mr. Nagarjuna said: If I know what is “Truth”, I will live with that.
Teaching team: (52 verses – please quote) below.
“Study a lot, study a little “impermanent”,
High school is low “impermanent” not forgiven.
Just as we learn to “know”,
Living with the truth is through “impermanent”.
Geography is good at not king, (only Nagarjuna)
If it is still good, it is the way to hell.
Zen Buddhism teaches only “stop”,
Reincarnation of birth and death can be stopped immediately!
Astronomy even though you have talent,
Teach knowledgeable people, still wandering around.
Just learn and know well that,
In the Three Realms, there is always a cycle of depression.
In the past, the Buddha taught “stop”,
No stick, no samsara stops immediately.
I show you this place,
What is physical, should not be brought in.” (referring to the attraction of grace and yang of the three realms)
The verse of the Patriarch Kapil Ma La has 52 sentences (translated in the form of six bowls), the first part of the group shows him what is impermanent, because even though he (only Nagarjuna) is a good student in subjects such as : Geography, Astronomy, Mathematics, Literature, Theology, oracle… No matter how intelligent you are, you only bring your “impermanence” to trick people. The end is only within the law of birth and death of this earth and the three worlds, still leading to suffering.
If the first verse of the patriarch’s verse points out the impermanence of this earth and the three worlds, then the last part of the verse of Capilmala also shows Nagarjuna the “emptiness” of the Dharma door. Purity meditation (ie Purity meditation). This is the deep concealment of the Original “True Truth”, when the practitioner has realized what is human nature, what is the three worlds, and where is the Buddha world and related realms in this vast universe. . Let’s listen to the last part of the verse:
“Even if the rivers and mountains are ruined,
Void has no destructive nature “No” at all.
The Buddha’s Thanh Zen has recorded,
Just pure, no worries.
Today I show you,
All Three Realms, leave it for good.
Listening to the Buddha’s words should “stop”,
The reincarnation of many lifetimes is over with you.
If you can do it with your heart,
It is the truth in this world.
“Understanding” is here,
If we can do it here forever.”
Listening to the Kapilavang Patriarch read 52 verses indicating the “ordinary truth” that he wanted to know, Nagarjuna suddenly uttered, and right after that, Nagarjuna had 44 verses to submit to the Capillar Patriarch. In 44 verses that are considered to be (enlightened) presented to his ancestors, Mr. Nagarjuna seems to want to express his sincerity to the ancestors that he has clearly realized the truth of what is “Impermanent” and “Truthfulness-permanence-emptiness”. “. And he confessed to himself: his previous actions, even though they were talented, were only nominal and unreal, just working to benefit the temporary body of worldly people in the circle of greed, hatred, and delusion. And then the subjects such as: Astronomy, geography, numerology, oracle, theology that we pursue are just impermanent simulating illusions on this earth and in the three worlds.
Realizing the reasoning “Impermanent” and “Truth is permanent-emptiness” taught by the patriarch, Nagarjuna saw his previous mistake and prayed with one heart for the master to follow Zen Buddhism. Here is a quote from the last stanza of the 44-sentence stanza that Nagarjuna presented to Kapilāra (the 13th patriarch of this Zen lineage):
“Teacher, I pray in my heart,
Not worldly king to peace of mind.
Zen Buddhism teaches clearly,
Just pure peace is eternal peace.”
After listening to the 44 verses presented by Nagarjuna, Patriarch Kapilmala said: His verse according to the Legend of the Buddha teaches anyone who can speak about the deep depths of the impermanent and true truth, as well as understand the truth. attraction of yin and yang physics in these three realms, then he is considered to have attained the “secret of Zen Buddhism”. So I accept him as a disciple, follow me to monastic life, when you are 52 years old, I will pass on “Secret Zen Buddhism” to you to continue, then he is the successor of this Zen lineage of the 14th generation. Patriarch Kapil Ma La said, Mr. Nagarjuna was very happy and immediately followed the group and the transmission ceremony “Secrets of Zen Buddhism” was also passed to Mr. Nagarjuna right when he was 52 years old, at the main hall of Zen Buddhism, Phap Zen temple. .
From Impermanence to the Middle Way theory
With the knowledge of many Disciplines as mentioned above, ever since meeting the Patriarch of Zen Buddhism Capil Ma La, Nagarjuna was truly Enlightened and considered his disciplines to be impermanent and simulated. From this fact, Nagarjuna went deeply into the connotation of the argument of Truthfulness and Emptiness. Through the four negative pairs of things and dharmas, they are: “no birth, no death, no permanent, no cessation, no equal and no other, no coming and no going”. Nagarjuna proves that all concepts of things, by knowledge, by reasoning are wrong and all such attempts to grasp are futile. Truth can only be reached by intuition-wisdom, by mystical understanding. Even about Emptiness, Nagarjuna Bodhisattva also said: “It cannot be called emptiness or emptiness of emptiness, neither can it be called both, nor can it be called neither. But for the sake of letting people know about it, it is called No. That truth, we often call True Suchness or Voidness, or Buddha-nature. It is that it is nothing but it, indescribable, inconceivable, an original, non-dualistic, non-dualistic truth, i.e. Emptiness.
Thus, according to Zen Buddhism, the sense of discrimination is a great obstacle in the way before realizing Emptiness. Therefore, must give up the sense of dualism, if using contemplation meditation to eliminate delusion, to lift the veil of ignorance and realize emptiness, is unthinkable.
Therefore, Zen Buddhism (the ultimate meditation) Buddhism does not attach to (sitting meditation) but practitioners must understand the two attributes that are Buddha nature and human nature. Buddha nature consists of four things: (seeing, hearing, speaking, know) all are pure (enclosed by electromagnetic light) into a small block, this block is called “Buddha nature”. Human nature is form, life, perception, greed, anger, delusion, pride, doubt, evil, view…
So why be pure? Because if…