Culture is the identity of the nation, “culture lights the way for the nation to go” (President Ho Chi Minh). An important part of culture is morality.
Culture is the identity of the nation, “culture lights the way for the nation to go” (President Ho Chi Minh). An important part of culture is morality. Therefore, the erosion and degradation of morality and lifestyle is not only a worry but also a pain. Talking about the erosion and degradation of morality, it is impossible not to mention the responsibility of the family and society, especially the education sector. In recent years, the issue of morality has been raised by the public and the press as an urgent issue of the country. Most recently, related to the issue of school moral education, there has been a wave of public opinion to abandon or not give up the slogan that has become a classic in Vietnamese education: “Fairy study ceremony…”.
Spring is coming. Spring is the season of reunion, of returning to the love of the family home, to the ancestral roots. In order to express a little interest, called “Old Co tri Tan”, I would like to collect a few things to discuss the value of the above proverb.
Ethics in FAMILY EDUCATION
Vietnamese people have a saying “teach children from childhood …”, meaning “even when children are young, children need to be taught”. But what should be the priority to teach children? Ceremony (virtue) or Literature (education)? The answer is already in the proverb that has long been used as the slogan and motto of education in schools: “Fairy study ceremony, post-study literature”.
The ancient virtues have a saying: “Human nature is good at first”, which means “human beings are born with good nature”, ie a pure soul, not yet “stained with dust”, just like a pure white sheet of paper. No ink on it yet. The family is the child’s first living environment. Family members, first of all parents, are the first agents to leave their imprints on that white paper. Those imprints are good or bad, positive or negative, depending on their level of impact. If it weren’t for that, we Vietnamese must have been wrong… when we thought that “like mother, like son” or “like father, like son”.
Thus, family education needs to be respected and considered as the starting point of human education. In the past, the majority of our people were farmers, with few opportunities to study, so in the family, they could not be both parents and teachers for their children. In some northern localities, children call their parents “teachers”, implying that the father’s role in the family is no different from that of a teacher. Such a way of addressing may actually be legitimate, but it may also be due to custom. Regardless of the meaning, in the perception of Vietnamese people, parents are the first teachers in every child’s life. Due to educational limitations, most parents teach their children not to have scientific knowledge first, but to be ordinary people, which is expressed through the way they speak, walk, and behave daily with people in their lives. family, clan, neighbours… The words and actions of adults in the family, in general, are imitated and learned by children in a natural, non-selective way. Therefore, in family education, parents must first set an example, that is, they must always pay attention to the model in words and actions in front of their children. In today’s fast-paced and complicated life, because of money and worries about daily life, many people have unintentionally neglected or forgotten their role as a teacher for their children. This is a great loss, it’s very sad.
Ethics in SOCIAL EDUCATION
According to the educational tradition of his father, in the three words Duc Duc, Education and Gymnastics, Duc Duc is brought to the forefront. That was clearly expressed by poet Nguyen Trai in “Gia training ca”, Nguyen Dinh Chieu, a poet and a great teacher of the nation, summed it up in two short six-eighth sentences:
The middle-aged man is the head,
Happy weather girls make their own sentences.
(Luc Van Tien)
“Loyalty and virtuousness” are moral concepts that are considered the top educational goals to train people. In the training philosophy of Confucianism, which has been deeply influenced by Vietnamese education since ancient times, people always refer to the five supreme words: Nhan, Nghia, Le, Tri, and Tin. Except for the word Tri, in those five words there are four words that belong to the ethical category. Therefore, the goal of education is to train people who are useful to society, it is not only “literary” but more importantly, there must be “rite”, that is, not only training people with “knowledge”. knowledge” but higher must be people with “ethics and culture”. According to the old saying, the result of a perfect education must be people with perfect virtues. Talent must go hand in hand with virtue, virtue must go hand in hand with talent to mold talent and personality. Between talent and virtue, the ancients valued virtue more than talent, so people with good virtue are often called “sage”, in short, “gentle”. The truth that values virtue over talent is not only found in us, but also in foreign countries, there is a proverb with the same meaning: “The most important thing to learn is to learn to be human”. Because of considering morality as the top goal of education, Confucian thought has emphasized the role of “self-cultivation” in the cause of human training.
Morality goes hand in hand with happiness
Vietnamese education has been deeply influenced by the Confucian philosophy of education since ancient times. Although imported from abroad, the educational ideology of Confucianism has been accepted by the Vietnamese as a long-standing part of the nation’s culture, alongside the teachings of Compassion and Wisdom of Buddhism. Therefore, it is impossible for any reason to deny or eliminate it in a will-only way, lacking the spirit of science. French writer Anatole France once said a wise sentence: “Do not lose anything of the past, because with the past, man builds the future”.
Ethic is the FOUNDATION OF HUMAN EDUCATION
Therefore, in the treasure of folklore as well as in the nation’s history, there are many stories, proverbs, and folk songs expressing the truth “ethics is the foundation of education” is the Vietnamese tradition. These are the stories of Tam Cam, Starfruit Tree, Thach Sanh Ly Thong, Muc Kien Lien showing filial piety…
Which is: Drink water, remember the source; remember guys fruit trees; a horse is sick, the whole ship does not eat grass; Torn paper to keep margins; Hungry for clean tear for flavor; Injured person as yourself; Government interference that takes the mirror…
“The father as a mountain,
Mother’s meaning is like water from a source that flows out.”
“It is difficult to know reason,
Know how to live better than the rich.”
Under the basic view of human morality, the Empress Dowager Tu Du did not hesitate to show her majesty to her son, King Tu Duc, even though he was the reigning emperor, at the top of the world, but also had to be respected. stern reminder when the king showed “disrespectful”: hunting and forgetting all day of his father’s cavalry. The house spell does not show, how can the water spell be clear?
Tam Nguyen Yen Do – Nguyen Khuyen, although his son has become a mandarin, but due to “disrespect” to the people, he tried to teach his son a good lesson. The following interesting parenting story of old man Yen Do is worth pondering over two moral words. Nguyen Khuyen is a great poet and model teacher. He is generous but also very strict, even with his children. It is said that once, his eldest son, Nguyen Hoan, passed the position of Vice-Bang, worked as an official of the Tri government, and returned to Vinh Tru village to visit his father-in-law, Governor Vu Van Bao. Being bossy, Phu Tieu returned to the village head, saw that the flag was silent and empty, no one came to welcome him, so he got angry and called the chief to charge him “disrespectful to the great mandarin” and beat him with several whips.
When it came to his ears, Tam Nguyen was very upset because his son was overbearing, relying on his authority. Not long after, while on a business trip, Phu Tieu visited his hometown, Tam Nguyen solemnly dressed with incense and went to the beginning of the village to receive the procession. Standing proudly in a hammock, Phu Tieu was very pleased. Suddenly, old man Tam Nguyen turned the crowd to step out in front of the palanquin, clasped his hands respectfully: “Bow to the big man!” Suddenly seeing the old father, Phu Tieu lost his limbs, panicked, got out of the palanquin, bowed down and begged him to forgive his son’s great crime, old Tam Nguyen still calmly clasped his hands and said leisurely: “Knowing that the great man has returned to the village, I Old age and infirmity also asked to come here with the villagers to welcome him. Otherwise, the great mandarin would be angry and angry and beat him like a teacher Ly Vinh Tru, how could he bear it? That day, Phu Tieu was taught a lesson to remember by her father. Surely in the opinion of teacher Nguyen Khuyen, an educated person without morality will be an incalculable disaster for himself and the society. And Phu Tieu must have understood deeply what the meaning of the proverb “Fairy study ceremony…” is!
The stories mentioned above are great educational anecdotes. Teaching children from the age of three…, but when children have grown up but still have not learned the word “rite”, I think it is necessary to continue reminding and shaping more to be “human”.
“THE FIELD LE …”, sounds old-fashioned but turns out to be very modern…
“Respect” to “tri new”. Through some “reconsideration” features of the traditional education of our ancestors, it is clear that moral education is an eternal problem. Having modern scientific and technical knowledge without moral courage will be an unpredictable disaster for mankind. Therefore, a genuine education must take morality as the top goal.
To talk about proverbs is to touch on the problem of language. But language is a social phenomenon, so it always changes and adapts according to the historical process of the people who speak that language. Therefore, the two words “rite” and “van” in a proverb must…