Posted on: April 2, 2022 Posted by: admin Comments: 0

The Five Precepts are the basic foundation for monastics to study the Way. The monastic, even though the form of practice is different, still has to keep the five precepts, even though the monastic will have to keep many other precepts later on.

I. Introduction

In the world we live in today, not a single country exists without laws. Without the law, many social evils would arise. Because the law is the barrier to prevent people from doing evil things. With the law, people know how to live more conservatively, more carefully in each action. If you act against the law, you will be punished according to the law. In general, having a law is to maintain a security and order, a well-ordered society, a country with rules, and respect each other among people.

An ethical society requires that the people living in that society also have morals. On that basis, religion was born with the aim of providing society with ethical standards to help people live well and act better so as not to cause harm or injury to all humans and species. object. Buddhism was also born in that spirit, the spirit of returning to people, protecting people and liberating people.

After the Buddha attained enlightenment, he clearly observed that man is the root of all things, all things and things originate from man. It is people who bring brilliant achievements, brilliant successes, great works… but people are also the cause of all conflicts, disputes, suffering or afflictions… Therefore, solving If you decide to be human, you will solve all problems in life. He gave solutions to improve people, help build a perfect person, the first and most basic solution is the “Five Precepts”. Once a Buddhist has taken the “Three Rules” of course, he must keep the “Five Precepts” and the novice monk must first practice the Five Precepts. Because the Five Precepts are the basic foundation that brings happiness to people, the ethical foundation of Buddhists, and the ladder to the Buddha’s door for those who study the way of liberation.

Buddha was born because of a great cause and condition “Disclosure of sentient beings to enter the Buddha’s knowledge and understanding” to liberate people from the suffering of birth and death. A Buddhist wants to be enlightened in order to enter the Buddha’s knowledge, a prerequisite if he wants to achieve it is to strictly observe the Five Precepts and the Five Precepts, which is not only the basic moral foundation of a layperson but It is also the first steps of Buddhist monks on the path to finding liberation. That’s why the forefathers had a saying that: “The Five Precepts are the steps to the Buddha’s door”.

Because precepts bring peace to society, bring peace to their families, Buddhists, monastics or lay people, practicing good things is keeping precepts. Indeed, only the precepts can bring people up to Bi-Tri-Truth-Courage to reach Truthfulness-Compassion-America, shaping the Buddha’s children to become a comprehensive model in the process of practice.

The Five Precepts and the Incense of Salvation

Cultivating holiness spreading in thousands of places

Leaving karma close to peace bloom

Shake off the seeds of happiness

Adjectives eliminate healthy minds

Adultery destroys good habits

Do not use narcotics day and night

Only the evil room is bright[1].

II. Content.

The concept of the Five Precepts

“Usually precepts are understood as preventing evil, stopping evil (preventing evil) or stopping evil and doing good (only evil causes good)”[2]. “The Sanskrit precept is Sila, the Chinese translation of the sound Thi la, also known as the Bala-de-moc-shaa of separation from liberation.”[3]. The precepts of Buddhism are intended to help people a method that does not create bad causes, to reduce suffering and happiness, to benefit themselves and others. Precepts have six capacities:

+ Tame: prevent the three karmas (body, speech, mind) not to let loose.

+ Payroll: Because the three karmas are pure, they are not burned by the birth of sensual pleasures, making the mind cool and light.

+ Karma: prevent mistakes, bad intentions, so that bad karma can be eliminated, and good karma develops. The Buddha said: “The Tathagata says that volition is karma.”[4].

+ Law of suspicion: regulations that build human morality and perfect personality.

+ Magic: actions worthy of praise.

+ Room: preserving and protecting is also known as “preventing evil” (preventing bad things, stopping evil deeds). Thereby, we see that the five precepts taught by the Buddha are aimed at ourselves, for the sake of family happiness, bringing happiness to society and all sentient beings, and creating a peaceful and peaceful life for society.

No killing is not killing human life, even small animals or insects.

No killing is not killing human life, even small animals or insects.

2. The Five Precepts and Morals of Buddhists

The ethics and personality of Buddhists are built and developed on the basis of precepts. For a lay Buddhist, it is necessary to strictly observe the five precepts. The five precepts are the basic ethical principles of Buddhists when starting to step on the path to enlightenment and liberation. Lacking this moral basis, no matter how high we say morality is, it is an empty statement. The spiritual practice must build the foundation first, then advance to the sublime levels. That is the importance of the Five Precepts.

The Five Precepts are the five prohibitions created by the Buddha for lay Buddhists to prevent evil thoughts, unrighteous actions, and unwholesome actions. These five things are based on compassion and equality. In terms of eliminating personal crimes. After taking refuge, one has stepped on the ladder of liberation. If you don’t observe the five precepts, you’re just standing there, unable to move forward. Keeping the five precepts is bringing benefits to oneself and to everyone, bringing peace and order to the family, and peace to the nation and society. The Five Precepts are also a solid foundation to create happiness for individuals and groups.

The Buddha invented these precepts not to force or force us to follow them strictly and grudgingly, but here, the Buddha just showed us why we must observe the five precepts. Precepts, the benefits of keeping the Five Precepts as well as showing what the consequences are if we don’t keep them. Buddhism is not a religion that only knows how to force others to follow its teachings, regardless of whether people want it or not, believe it or not. Keeping the precepts or not keeping the precepts comes entirely from the awareness and voluntary development of each person. Because if we can do it, the benefit belongs to ourselves and not to anyone else. Buddha – He once said: “I am like a physician who knows that the disease is told, it is not the doctor’s fault to drink or not to drink; It is also like a good guide who shows people the way, listen but don’t walk, it’s not the fault of the guide.”[5].

The Sutra of Directing Vocational Karma says: “Layers asked again: “For those who are new to the Way, what will they first rely on?”. The Buddha taught: “Before the practice of the Five Precepts and the Three Self-Reflection. Why is it called the Five Precepts? One is loving-kindness, thinking about the cause does not kill; second is integrity, thrift, not stealing; three is virginity, clean and not infected (no sex); four is to believe wholeheartedly, not to lie (not to lie); the year is to need to be leisurely, not to be confused (not to drink alcohol).”[6].

So those five precepts are: Not to kill, Not to steal, Not to commit adultery, Not to lie, and Not to drink alcohol.

This habit unknowingly increases the childishness and reduces the humanity in human personality and morality.

This habit unknowingly increases the childishness and reduces the humanity in human personality and morality.

2.1. The precept of not killing

No killing is not killing human life, even small animals or insects. We all know that we value our lives as well as our own lives, and we don’t want to be harmed by anyone, even our fingers, hair, or hair. In the verse of the Sutra of Ten Good Precepts, the World-Honored One taught:

“Buddha told Shariputra

Now you should know that

All sentient beings

We all love ourselves

So do good deeds

Love all sentient beings

See them as my own eyes

It’s called not killing

Obey the precept of not killing

Surely become enlightened”[7]

So there is no reason for us to have the right to take the lives of others to protect and provide for our own life. Human moral justice does not allow us to do that.

“Everybody trembled at the stick.

All are afraid of death.

Let’s deduce people.

Shouldn’t kill nor incite to kill.”[8].

As in the book Five Precepts – the foundation of human morality, author Quang Huyen commented: “This habit unknowingly increases the virility and reduces the humanity in human personality and morality.”[9]. There are three ways in which people often commit murder. Although the form is different, the results are the same. That is, killing with your own hands, creating the act of killing by yourself; I incite others to kill; feel happy and content themselves when they see other people commit the act of killing. Therefore, the World-Honored One spoke in the Lang Gia Sutra as follows: “Ordinary people have a mind of killing, increasing their karma and suffering, forever revolving in birth and death, never having a day out.”

We don’t kill, we protect the life of others, there will also be mutants protecting our life according to the law of cause and effect. In the Ten Virtuous Sutras, the Buddha taught about the virtue of abstaining from killing karma as follows:

“Dragon King! If one abstains from killing living beings, one can achieve the ten dharmas and no longer oppress the brain. What are ten?

1. For sentient beings throughout the world the virtue of fearless charity

2. Often generates great compassion for sentient beings

3. Get rid of all anger habits

4. Body is usually not sick

5. Long life destiny

6. Often supported by non-humans (demons)

7. Usually no nightmares, sleeping peacefully

8. Eliminate karma, self-resolving hatred

9. Not afraid of the bad road10. When you die, you will be reborn in heaven.”[10]

Buddhists who want to avoid the karma of revenge, need to seriously observe the precept of Do not steal to create peace for themselves and for everyone.  Furthermore, by keeping the precept of not stealing, you will gain ten merits.


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