Posted on: March 28, 2022 Posted by: admin Comments: 0


The Tran Dynasty, one of the dynasties that is considered to be the most flourishing in Vietnam’s feudal history, is also known as one of the periods when Buddhism really integrated into the nation’s heart from form to content. dung.

1. Imprints of Buddhism under Tran Dynasty

The factors leading to the success and characteristics of Buddhism in the Tran Dynasty were inseparable from the cause of preserving, building and defending the Fatherland. Buddhism has really been planted for a long time and over the centuries has been adapted to Vietnamese customs, beliefs and people. Under the Tran dynasty, Buddhism became the core and integrated with the national culture, in Buddhist terms it was like water and milk. Therefore, Buddhism is completely in line with the thoughts and aspirations of a nation yearning for peace, independence, and freedom. When the country entered the war against foreign invaders, wisdom Buddhism gathered the souls of patriotism, love for the people, solidarity with the compassionate Buddha, with Quan Am to save suffering and practical teachings inseparable. life by body, speech, and mind has created an incomparable force capable of resisting all invaders.

The characteristic of Buddhism in the Tran Dynasty is its positive entry into the world, “Buddha Dharma is in the world, not separated from the world’s dharma” (Buddhist Dharma is in the world, not far from the world). Tao is not separate from life and life is not without it, both have become a flexible, creative and useful combination in all circumstances. It can be said that the kings and Zen masters of the Tran dynasty properly used the potential of Buddhism, making Buddhism a powerful force to support the imperial defense and construction of the country.

Talking about Buddhism in the early Tran Dynasty, Buddhism was not only practiced by people, but also by the king. As the Confucianist Le Quat under the Tran dynasty said that “half of the world goes to practice”, there are too many monastics, most of the people are monks at home, and temples are everywhere. At that time, Buddhism entered the most brilliant period of development in the history of Vietnamese Buddhists and influenced all areas of life, culture, thought, assimilation with almost every form of belief. , primitive custom. It is also unknown when, temples have sprung up as an organic part, closely attached to the social community of “king land, village pagoda, Buddha landscape”. Land is the land of the king, but taking care of the soul, the emotional life, are the monks in the temple. Those are also the first knowledge of the village, who are prestigious and respected, who have contributed to mobilizing the masses in many resistance wars against the Northern Empire of our nation.

In the second half of the fourteenth century, the “roots” of Buddhism became more and more deeply rooted in the emotional and religious life of the popular masses, but no longer held the role of intellectual, cultural and intellectual leadership. politics. The intelligentsia turned to Confucianism as the motto of saving the country and building the country. As for Buddhism, a religion that has existed in our country for a long time, imprints quite deeply on national culture, customs and human virtues. The Buddhist sect that has the most profound influence on our people is the Pure Land School, followed by Zen Buddhism. Pure Land Buddhism brings the thoughts of altruism, compassion, relief from suffering and relief, the spirit of equality and simplicity, the love of others as one’s own body, an immense love, love for one’s neighbor, and love for all living beings. . Zen Buddhism is deeply ideological, supported and advocated by many Tran kings.

With all these factors, Buddhism in the Tran Dynasty became a part of the national culture, influencing and influencing many aspects of social life, making glory in the history of the Tran Dynasty. .

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2. The influences of Buddhism in the Tran Dynasty

In the cause of struggle and defense of national independence:

Over the dynasties, from the 10th to the 14th century, on the road of struggle to build and defend the country, Dai Co Viet and Dai Viet were constantly consolidated, matured and strong. In order to have a powerful country, besides fighting against aggression and protecting independence, an equally important issue is to fight for the solid unification of the country. For a long time, the great family of all ethnic groups living stably in the territory of Dai Viet has known to gather together, unite into one block to survive and develop “unity is strength”, truth. that is no longer a oral lesson, but has penetrated into the bone marrow and turned into action for all members of society. That truth has molded the soul, virtues and spiritual values ​​of the Vietnamese people. In that spiritual strength, practice has proved that there is a dominant ideology of Buddhism, that the Tran kings were devout Buddhists, were Zen masters, ruled the country with a selfless, selfless mind. of Buddhism. Thanks to that, talented generals and soldiers were gathered, people and soldiers were united in patriotism, love for home, and solidarity. The spirit of compassion and solidarity of Buddhism combined with the passionate patriotism of the Vietnamese nation clearly not only creates a bravery and will to fight, but also forms the basis of a flexible and ethical foreign policy. Highness and nobility create the synergy of the nation. Buddhism with traditional patriotic thought at that time with the kings of the Tran dynasty, the leading kings being Tran Thai Tong, Tran Thanh Tong, and Tran Nhan Tong. Those were the kings who knew how to make the people’s heart their own, and to take the people’s will as their own. Those kings learned, understood and practiced the erudite teachings of Buddhism, to become wise men. Those Buddha kings controlled miraculous spiritual powers to create glorious feats.

Within 30 years (1258 – 1288), our nation has faced the notorious invaders of the Nguyen Mong Empire three times, and after each resistance war, our nation has become more resilient, creative and won. more resounding benefits. The resistance war against the invaders of the Tran Dynasty is an immortal heroic song, a profound and brilliant expression of patriotism, heroic mettle, creative intelligence and united strength of the Vietnamese people. Our nation. From all social classes, from all ethnic groups, and different ages, through the resistance war, there have appeared many heroic people and legends representing noble qualities. The great victory of our nation has raised an example of the strength and victory of a people who resolutely struggle to defend the right and victory will always belong to the right, regardless of the enemy’s aggression. How bold and powerful.

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In the construction of the Vietnamese family religion:

To reform society, we must first transform people, transform hope into truth, and transform delusion into enlightenment. If you want to change people, you must believe that every human being has buddha nature. That is the thoughtful reminder of Zen master Vien witness to King Tran Thai Tong: “There is no Buddha in the mountain, there is only a lake of mind” (There is no Buddha in the mountain, the Buddha is in our hearts). Confident that one has Buddha-nature is synonymous with confidence that one has the truth, has an omnipotent power. That was the decisive factor to defeat the invading Mongol invaders, which was crystallized on the basis of the strength of the Buddhist spirit, coupled with the nation’s traditional patriotism, with a strong economy. prosperity and solid defense. Buddhism has shown to respond positively to the pressing demands of our nation in the 13th century, the century of national construction and defense. Buddhism has integrated into the national life stream, created spiritual strength, brought the country to many victories, and raised its era to the level of history. The important thing is not only to win the opponent but also to win yourself, as King Tran Nhan Tong said:

“Letting go of the fire of enlightenment to destroy all the evil forests of the past

Take the sword of wisdom to sweep for today’s ignorance.”

(Residence of the Dao Phu)

The Tran Dynasty is one of the most outstanding points during the process of defending the country in the history of Dai Viet. In which, Buddhism has actively contributed to creating brilliant achievements for Tran dynasty society. A society educated by the teachings of the Five Precepts and the Ten Goods, which the Tran kings considered as a model and a standard of living for the entire people. This has been clearly demonstrated through history. Buddhism in the Tran Dynasty contributed to the construction and renovation of families and society, bringing peace and happiness to everyone, aiming for a life of truth, goodness and beauty. Because the individual is happy, the family and society are peaceful, which the first kings of the Tran Dynasty experienced and very successful. The doctrine of the Five Precepts or the Ten Virtues is not a distant matter, a strict dogma, or something of a divine and sublime nature, but it is very practical, very close to people, not only in the past and present. or the future, but as long as people have sufferings and oppressions in life, then it will still have value. From there, we can clearly see the value and practical benefits of the Five Precepts or the Ten Goods for life, clearly see the talents of the Tran kings who were enlightened, educated people to live a happy life, and a society that was well established. harmony and stability.

The Buddha is a fully enlightened being

In literature:

At that time, literature in Chinese characters dominated the literature. The largest and most valuable works are also Chinese literary works. Nom literature also appeared and initially made its own contributions. Nom script, a type of writing created by our ancestors on the basis of receiving Chinese characters, which had a long history before that, from the beginning, it played a complementary role to Chinese characters, to here, from the local area. The position of a script that only serves as a supplement, Nom script has developed into a literary script. It is worth noting that under the Tran dynasty, not only Confucianists but also aristocrats, Emperors and Thuong Hoang also participated in composing Nom literature. In An Nam Chi comb, Le Trac also said that at that time people still used Nom script to compose music. Life literature…

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