Posted on: April 26, 2022 Posted by: admin Comments: 0


The Buddha borrowed parables, associated with images of specific things that are very familiar in life, when spoken out, everyone knows, in order to describe the values ​​of truth that he preached, to help people All of us easily understand that truth.

The Buddha said: That’s right, “What I know with wisdom, taught in the form of truth to you, are really just leaves in the palm of your hand. Whereas the source of wisdom that I know, realize, understand is as much as the leaves in this forest…”

Buddha’s truth, both simple and very profound. Therefore, the Buddha borrowed parables, associated with images of specific things that are very familiar in life. to make it easier for all of us to understand that truth. Therefore, in the scriptures there are many parables or parables described by him as an example, including the parable “Holding leaves in his hand and leaves in the forest”. The origin of this parable is in the Pali Canon, belonging to the Samyutta Nikaya of the V, chapter 12, the Simsàpa Forest; and in the Chinese Tripitaka, belonging to the A-March Sutra, Sutra 404. Body Thu.

During a stopover at Simsàpa forest, in Kosambi country. At that time, the Buddha picked up a handful of Simsàpa leaves and asked his disciples: Are the leaves in my hand more or less than the leaves in this forest? The bhikkhus replied: The leaves in the Blessed One’s hand are many times smaller than those in this forest.

The Buddha said: That’s right, “What I know with wisdom, taught in the form of truth to you, are really just leaves in the palm of your hand. Whereas the source of wisdom that I know, realize, understand is as much as the leaves in this forest. But why have I not preached these things all these years? Because these things have nothing to do with the purpose, the basis of the Holy life. It does not lead to the separation of craving, the end of sorrow and grief, towards peace and liberation.” [1]. Therefore, when the Venerable Malunkyaputta asked the Blessed One questions: “Is this world permanent or impermanent, is the world finite or boundless, is this life and body one or the other, does the Tathagata exist? or does not exist after death,…” [2]. The Blessed One did not answer, put aside those things that are not the basis of the holy life, the benefit when the time of human life is short, then he did not spend much time on such matters, that he spends time on essential things, helping people to apply that truth and live happily in life.

Therefore, when guiding the truth, the Buddha made a selection of what to preach, in order to bring about the opening of knowledge. [3], to be virtuous, to achieve happiness; as well as “The purpose of Buddhism is to eliminate suffering and bring joy to all beings; but only a wise person knows the way to peace and happiness. And only wisdom (paññā) is the only means to bring mankind to the shore of liberation and enlightenment.” [4]. There are other sources of knowledge He does not need to mention. Therefore, as children of Buddha we should learn according to the Buddha’s propaganda style, what is truly beneficial to people, we should volunteer tirelessly to become a communicator for those values. “Go forth, bhikkhus, to preach the Dharma for the happiness and well-being of sentient beings, out of compassion for the world, for the happiness and well-being of gods and humans.” [5].

During his 49 years of teaching, the Buddha left behind 84,000 practices, a figure for the immense diversity of his teachings. Thus, making a small comparison, those 84,000 methods are just “Holding leaves in hand”, while the source of wisdom that the Buddha exploited is like leaves in the forest, that rate is many times larger. That said, the Buddha always gave priority to saying what was necessary and beneficial for people’s lives. Therefore, applying to life, we should also learn in the Buddha’s way that setting priorities is. What we need to invest in is a priority, we should not hesitate, but do it immediately and always, do not be like a person shot by a poisoned arrow. Friends and relatives invited a doctor to treat the wound, but he said: “I will not pull out the arrow if I do not know the shooter’s family name, name, shape, and whereabouts; I won’t pull out the arrow if I don’t know what material and structure the bow is made of? What poison?…” [6]. As a result, the person will die without knowing anything. Therefore, when a person is hit by an arrow, it is necessary to remove the arrow from the body to avoid death. After healing the wound and finding out about the origin of that arrow, it wouldn’t be too late.

Therefore, it is necessary to prioritize the important things by pouring all of our efforts with the right method, so that we have the opportunity to turn our dreams into reality. And while working, communicating with society must know how to select the quintessence and essence such as “People go into the forest to bring back the core of the tree, don’t bring the branches, leaves and bark” [7]. By doing so, we will be appreciated and become valuable in life. Therefore, what is really beneficial and brings values ​​towards happiness and ending suffering is selected by the Buddha as “Leaves in the palm of his hand” when he preached the Dharma. for 49 years, with the statement: “Bhikkhus, I have only spoken of two things, both in the past and now, namely, suffering and the cessation of suffering.” [8].

FIRST

Suffering

This is the reality that sentient beings are constantly suffering, with: Birth, old age, illness, and death related to the body, also due to ignorance, ignorance, greed, attachment, and desire. And if people have not cultivated to attain enlightenment, they will still suffer. Because suffering also has many problems that bring it: Three sufferings, Six sufferings, Eight sufferings.

Three sufferings

1. Suffering: Humans are suffering from one suffering to another, which is hunger, thirst, disease, which is the future of epidemics, etc. brain does not stop.

2. Destruction of suffering: This suffering is only the destruction, because people and things that they like will be damaged and lost, because of that, they feel miserable.

3. Suffering: That is, suffering when realizing that everything in this world is under the influence of impermanence, keeps changing and changing forever, so the mind produces suffering.

Six sufferings

Includes: “Human suffering, fruition suffering, seeking wealth for the sake of suffering, needing to protect suffering, not taking care of suffering, transforming suffering” [9].

Eight sufferings

Including: “Birth, old age, illness, death, love but must separate, hate each other but have to meet, desire but not satisfied, and attachment to this physical body are permanent” [10]. These are mental and attitudinal sufferings. There are also other sufferings and pains such as: Sadness, compassion, sadness, and brain impact that dominate people a lot. Therefore, the Blessed One had the duty of “Just as one raises up what has fallen, exposes what is hidden, shows the way to the lost, brings light into the dark…” [11], helps us to see clearly and identify what is the cause of suffering and teaches us the courage to face that suffering. It is the first step which in the teachings is called the Truth of Suffering (Dukkha) of the Four Noble Truths.

MONDAY

Identify: The mind of greed, the mind of anger and hatred, the mind of ignorance, of ignorance, the mind of stubbornness, … are the suffering minds that the Buddha taught us to localize, by searching for the causes of our suffering. suffering pain. Because, in the same situation, but one person is okay and the other is suffering, other people are rich, we are poor, one person succeeds, the other fails. This, cannot be blamed on any god or god who can bless and bring disaster, but all follow the law of its cause and effect, because the Buddha taught: “All sentient beings carry it with them. one’s own karma (Kamma) as an inheritance, as an inheritance, as a close relative, as a refuge. It is because each person’s own karma is different that there are differences between beings.” [12]. Understanding like this, we will have true faith in the Dharma, bringing progress and achievement in life, without having to fall into the path of confusion, blind ignorance in the way of ‘Faith’. ‘ of superstitions and superstitions such as: “Believe in ancestral spirits, believe in divination tattoos, believe in good days and bad months, believe in poor fate, believe in palmistry, believe in healing stars, believe in a the one who blesses the calamity,…” [13] adversely affect, leading to insecurity, suffering. Therefore, in those circumstances, we should take the trouble to analyze each situation, then surely we will find the source or cause of this suffering. This is the Noble Truth (Samudaya).

TUESDAY

Extinguish defilements, attain the peak of happiness and peace that is Nirvana (Nirvana/Nibbana) now and here without having to wait after death. Because Nirvana is not a Buddha realm, nor is it a Buddha land, but Nirvana is a pure state of mind, when all suffering and its causes have ended. That is the Truth of Cessation (Nirodha).

WEDNESDAY

Practicing the Noble Eightfold Path includes: Right View (Sammā Ditthi) and Right Thought (Sammā Sankappa) (belonging to the wisdom pillar); Right Speech (Samma Vava), Right Action (Samma Kammanta), Right Livelihood (Samma Ajiva), Right Effort (Samma Vayama) (belonging to the moral pillar); Mindfulness (Sammā Sati) and Right Concentration (Sammā Samāthi) (belonging to the pillars of meditation). That is the Noble Truth (Magga).

This is the second sutta after the Zhuaning of the Law Sutta, the Buddha talked about the practicality of truth to the five former ascetics with him, saying: This is suffering, this is the cause of suffering and find out. The path to the cessation of suffering is quick and not roundabout, not lengthy, and not rambling like the one hit by the poison arrow. Therefore, the Buddha rarely spends much time on those issues, but he clearly shows suffering and the way to end that suffering to reach the happiness of Nirvana, this is the heart of the Buddha’s truth. whoever follows that path will end up…

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