Only those who skillfully follow the Buddha’s teachings can gradually remove false entanglements, free from the veil of ignorance that obscures the minds of sentient beings.
3. Consciousness and wisdom
The concept of consciousness and wisdom in Buddhist teachings clearly explains the intelligence of human beings. According to common words, both of these Chinese characters are translated into Vietnamese as knowing, without the subtle distinction as used in the Buddhist scriptures. According to Buddhist studies, this distinction is very important in practicing and practicing the Dharma, in order to see clearly our own self so that we can give up evil in the right direction, let go of hope and follow in the footsteps, abandon evil for good, and eradicate evil. Evil people plant good deeds, convert sentient beings’ minds into pure hearts…
According to Only Consciousness School, based on the dharma sign or the phenomenon of human activities in daily life, awareness in the human spirit is divided into three basic elements: ceiling, base and consciousness. The ceiling is the external environment outside the human self that is used as a witness for awareness in the process of human spiritual activities. Sense is the ability to perceive the so-called ceiling when in contact with the external environment. Consciousness is the reception of the so-called ceiling due to the transition from the external to the internal, often called consciousness. For example, looking at a tree, we see green. The green-leaved tree is bare, the eye is the faculty, the perception of having a green-leaved tree is consciousness.
The ceiling outside the mind should be called the ceiling scene, called the scene to respond to the mind. The ceiling of the scene is divided into six things called six objects, including color, sound, scent, taste, touch, and dharma, called form, sound, scent, taste, touch, and dharma. event image.
The base is the sense, the ability to receive the six senses in the external environment. Corresponding to the hexagonal ceiling has the hexagonal base. These are the eye faculty, the ear faculty, the seat of envy, the tongue faculty, the body faculty, and the mind faculty. To make it easier to understand, it is the six senses including sight, hearing, smell, taste, touch, and perception. The sixth sense, or perception, plays the role of coordinating the activities of many previous senses to form an inner concept. For example, holding a cup of hot coffee, mixing a little sugar and drinking small sips makes us feel good. This simple breakdown of events has the following remark:
1. The brown color of coffee (bare color) hits our eyes (eye base): Sight.
2. The sound when using a spoon to stir the sugar to dissolve (bare bar) hits our ears (atria): Hearing.
3. The aroma of coffee (coffee scent) hits our nose (snake root): Smell.
4. Bitter and sweet taste (bare taste) hits our tongue (true sense): Taste.
5. The heat absorbed into the hand when holding a cup of coffee (bare touch) hits the skin in our hands (body base): Tactile.
6. The whole thing mentioned above (dharma ceiling) hits our perception (mind base), works together to complete each other to form a pleasant feeling, an interesting concept when drinking coffee: Perception.
Consciousness is knowing, belonging to the interior, so it is often called consciousness. There are eight consciousnesses in all, six consciousnesses corresponding to the six senses and two more consciousnesses. The six consciousnesses corresponding to the six senses are eye consciousness, ear consciousness, envy consciousness, real food, body consciousness, and consciousness. The seventh is the manna consciousness, the eighth is the alaya consciousness. The seventh consciousness plays a key role in giving rise to the so-called self and what is not. The eighth consciousness acts as a storehouse like a treasure, so it is also known as the store consciousness, storing the achievements of spiritual activities accumulated from many past lives to the present life. The arising of the notions of self and not-self, also called self and not-self, leads to the concept of subject and object, which leads to unequal mind. The reason for having such a discriminatory concept is because the mind is ignorant and ignorant and does not realize exactly what is the true self, called the true self, and what is not what we are but mistakenly perceives as us, called hope. fall. All eight consciousnesses contribute to creating ignorance, making people entangled in mistakes and sins. There are many examples of the confusion of the eight consciousnesses that are easy to see:
In the dark, the eyes see the rope thinking it is a snake, so the mind generates fear.
There are tables and chairs in the room, there are trees in the garden. At night there are no lights, no moon and stars, nothing to see.
Using your hand to rub your eyes, you will naturally see flowers spotted in the air.
Lying in a dream, seeing many things happening, happy and sad, happy and afraid, happy and sad, suddenly woke up, not seeing anything real.
A typical example is the parable of five blind men touching an elephant in the Truong-A-Ham Sutra. The first person touched the ear and said that the elephant was like a fan. The second person touched the trunk and said that the elephant was like a very large leech. The third person touched the tusk and said that the elephant was like a tree. The fourth person touched the tail and said the elephant was like a broom. The fifth person touched the leg and said that the elephant was like a tree stump. All five of them were convinced that they were right because they felt it with their own hands, argued with each other, everyone said that only they said the right thing and the other four said it was wrong.
There is a folk idiom that looks at a chicken into a pickaxe to indicate the mistake of seeing a chicken and thinking of a pickaxe.
The error of the eight consciousnesses that create the ignorance of the worldly people, we are all entangled with the few. Only those who skillfully follow the Buddha’s teachings can gradually remove false entanglements, free from the veil of ignorance that obscures the minds of sentient beings. To do so, it is necessary to clearly understand the role and error of each consciousness so that it is easy to remove each part of the entanglement in all the sowing of artificial karma, sowing good causes and avoiding evil ones.