Posted on: March 24, 2022 Posted by: admin Comments: 0

People living in a collective social environment have ideas about us, about ourselves and others, not us, not ourselves. It is a way of seeing that distinguishes subject and object in the relationship between people and people, in the eyes of sociologists.

In terms of theology, in the Buddhist teachings there is the concept of self and others. Cultivation is the practice of the Dharma to fulfill the Buddha nature in oneself and in others. The practice in oneself is considered as the basis of the indispensable practice of the Dharma, and the part in others is regarded as the propagation of the Dharma. It is said that they are two parts for easy understanding, but in terms of practice, these two parts are firmly complementary to each other, not separate from each other for the reason that Two is One, One is Two. In other words, self-satisfaction, self-awareness, self-benefit, is creating favorable conditions for the forgiveness, enlightenment, and benefit of others.

On the contrary, in the matter of people, there is also a calculation for themselves. It is easy for lay practitioners to see this in their daily lives. Only when he reaches the stage of enlightenment and practices the Bodhisattva practice, will he realize that by maintaining the dharma of the mind of emptiness, he will gradually no longer have any notions of himself, of the so-called self, and no longer for himself in all his daily activities. day.


While cultivating the fundamental part of oneself, the Dharma practitioner needs to clarify the concept of true self and false self, in general, the concept of true and false, right and wrong as often heard saying true heart and false mind, right speech. and false speech, righteous thoughts and wrong thoughts, right and wrong religion, right religion and heresy or devil religion… What is the standard to distinguish between true and false falsehoods? Based on what factors to believe and practice? To get an overview that can clearly answer this question, practitioners need to clarify the following perceptions from gross to subtle:

1. Body and soul

The so-called living person consists of two combined parts, the body and the soul. If there is only a body without a soul, it is a corpse; if there is only a soul without a body, it is a ghost, it is a ghost; both cases do not qualify to be called a living, existing person. Humans are a living phenomenon, a phenomenon of birth and death, of transformation.

The phenomenon of living in the body is manifested in the physiological life, birth, old age, sickness and death. The phenomenon of living in the soul is manifested in the spiritual life, knowing joy and sorrow, thinking. Living in two physiological and spiritual lives has a mutual influence on each other, psychology has proven this, folk also confirm it in proverbs such as: gut rotten, heart throbbing, angry. If you’re full of blood, you can’t blame the rice, you’re hungry, and the rice is stale, so when you’re full, you’re hungry…. Buddhists who practice vegetarianism to make their mind easy to be purified is a concrete example even in the Buddhist world.

2. Soul and Astral

In the spiritual life, it is necessary to distinguish between the activities of the soul and the activities of the astral. The soul consists of three elements: the living soul, the awakening soul, and the soul. The soul makes there live and die; The soul makes sense of feelings such as hot and cold, joy and sorrow, the soul makes sense to think right or wrong. Minerals such as soil and rock are soulless, devoid of any soul. Plants are of the type that only have life and soul, life and death, but they do not have a soul and a soul, so they do not have feelings and a life of reason. Animals belong to the category of living beings and sentient beings, but without souls.

Only human beings have three souls: living soul, enlightened soul, and soul. Because there is a soul, people call it more sacred than all things. Many animals and animals, including insects, have sharper senses than humans, such as the eyes of an owl that can see clearly in the night without moon and stars, rabbit ears are better than human ears, and ants’ sense of smell is more sophisticated than their noses. human… However, because there is no soul, animal life has almost no progress since ancient times compared to humans, there are many advances in all aspects of economic, cultural and social life.



The astral is also known as the beat as it is often said, the astral soul, the soul soul. Astral is the receiving ability of the soul. Men have three souls and seven astral spirits, and women have three souls and nine astral beings. The seven astral bodies of men include two eyes, two ears, two nostrils, and a mouth. Women have two more astral bodies, breasts.

Soul and astral are common concepts in folklore such as fear of losing your astral, fear of losing your soul, howling your soul, stealing your ass, worshiping your soul, etc. The common concept of soul and astral is not clear enough to explain clearly. human spiritual activities in Buddhist teachings. In the scriptures, it is common to see the words consciousness and wisdom used to explain the spiritual lives of beings. Through this concept, the practitioner can understand his self.

The concept of the soul in man only explains the intelligence of man when compared with animals. This concept does not explain the same person, why sometimes think of good and then do good, sometimes think of evil and then do evil? The same individual, human can not have two souls, one soul has the divine ability to think and do good, the other is equally intelligent and intelligent, specializing in causing thinking and doing evil.

Everyone can see that the great evil people are much more evil than the average person, who are smarter than the new person who devises cunning schemes to deceive others. Intelligence is a valuable ability, it is good to use it for good, and it is bad to use it for evil. The concept of the soul is not enough to explain the innate goodness in human beings who always turn to good and avoid evil.


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