At one time, the Blessed One was staying at Sàvatthi, at Jetavana, and addressed the monks: “Monks, there are these four fears. how is four? Fear of self-reproach, fear of others’ blame, fear of punishment, fear of evil beasts.
What is fear of self-blame? Here, bhikkhus, there are people who consider: “If my body does evil, my words speak evil, and my mind thinks evil, then I can blame myself: Why did I do that?” He, out of fear, blames himself, forsakes evil and does good, and lives a pure life. This, bhikkhus, is called fear of self-blame.
What is fear of other people’s blame? Here, bhikkhus, there are people who consider: “If my body does evil, my words speak evil, and my mind thinks evil, then others may blame me: Why do I do that?”. Because he is afraid of others’ blame, he abandons evil and does good, and leads a pure life. This, bhikkhus, is called fear of reproach.
Forgiveness – what helps you live worry-free
What is fear of punishment? Here, bhikkhus, there are people who see kings who, when they catch thieves and robbers, use many other wrong punishments. They beat them with whips and sticks until they cut off their heads with swords. Because he is afraid of punishment, he does not steal other people’s property. This, bhikkhus, is called fear of punishment.
What is fear of beasts? Here, bhikkhus, someone thinks thus: ‘Those who do evil in their own body, speak evil words, and think evil thoughts will have evil retribution in the future. That person, out of fear of evil beasts, of falling into the lower realms, should give up his body to do evil, to speak evil words and to think evil thoughts. This, the Male-stilts, this is called fear of evil. This Male-stilts, there are four types of this fear.
(DTKVN, Tang Branch II, chapter 4, chapter Fear, section Self-blame [lược]VNCPHVN Publication, 1996, p.46)
Fear, insecurity is one of the afflictions that disturb the human mind. However, fear is essential for people to turn to good and avoid evil. In life, if there is no fear and respect, one can do anything, without leaving anything.
Conscience questioning, self-pitying about evil things is the basic foundation of self-improvement. Fear of the criticism of others is natural for the righteous and relatively easy to do, but self-criticism, disgust with oneself (when things are unknown or unknown) is difficult, not everyone. can do.
Fear of punishment, the severity of the law also helps people to shy away from evil deeds. The stricter the law, the more evil is repelled. Although only solving the top part of evil, the law has an effective punishment and deterrent effect.
Not only fear of immediate retribution, fear of retribution for evil animals and lower realms in the future also makes an important contribution to human perfection. If you sow evil, you will reap evil fruit. Therefore, the Buddha’s children always observe the body and mind, promote wisdom, fear evil things to live a good life in order to reap peace in this life and the next.