In the present day, those who want to learn Buddhist philosophies have been very convenient and easy. However, the issues of Buddhist philosophy also cause many difficulties, because the Buddhist words have many meanings, and the interpretation is also diverse, making Buddhist students confused and skeptical.
For example, the phrase “Single and unique” There have been countless explanations, but it still doesn’t seem to satisfy bystanders, even those who sincerely study Buddhism. In the verses of many Buddhist scriptures, this verse is mentioned, only the sub-sentences are different, and the phrase “Single-only” is the same. Thus, surely the word “Single Only Ton” cannot deny its meaning and philosophical value, but of which there is only the word “Single Self” that brings the most misunderstanding and controversy.
Based on history Buddha, we know, when Prince Siddhattha was born, he walked seven steps, had seven lotus flowers to support his feet, and the last step, he raised one hand to point to the sky, the other to point to the earth, boldly declared. Proverb: “Heavenly in the world, only I am unique” – in heaven and under heaven, only I (Buddha) is the most supreme. Many scriptures have references to this statement with the same meaning, but with different content.
According to the Truong A Ham I Sutra, “Heavenly under the heavens, the only self-respect, the weakness of sentient beings, birth, old age, sickness and death” (In heaven and under heaven, only I am precious, the most important thing ‘mine’ is to save life. sentient beings are free from birth, old age, sickness and death – Sutra of Great Origin Condition).
Buddha’s Birthday – source of happiness
The Sutra of Tu Lui Khoi records: “Heaven in the heavens is the only one and only one. The Three Realms of Suffering, Peace of Mind” (In heaven and under heaven, only I am the most precious. All three realms of suffering, I will make sentient beings happy – Dai Chinh Tan Tu – Dai Chinh Tan Tu) [ĐCTT]T3, pp.463C) (Buddhist Dharma Question (PPBV) – volume II).
The Sutra of Crown Prince Thuy Ung Ban Khoi Thuong says: “The heavens and the heavens are so self-centered. The three worlds of hardship and suffering?” (In heaven and under heaven, only I am the most precious. The three realms are all suffering, who can bring peace? – CBT, T3, p.473C) (PPBV – volume II).
The Horror of the Bodhisattva’s Origin: “Heavenly in the world, respecting no one is too false” (In heaven and under heaven, the most noble person is no one equal to me – DTC, T3, p.618A) (PPBV – volume II) .
The Past, Present, Cause and Effect Sutras, “It is necessary for the self to be neutral, supreme, and supreme. Immeasurable samsara is endowed with joy” (I, for all gods and men, are the supreme, supreme and supreme being. Immeasurable birth and death from now on will end – DTC, T3, pp.625A) (PPBV – volume II).
The Buddhist Book of Hanh Volume, “The world is the middle, the ego is the ultimate. “I am the highest in the world. From now on, my birth and death has ended – DTT, T3, p.687B) (PPBV – volume II).
Through the quoted sutras, we understand that the word “I” in the above contexts is only Buddha (Self = I = Buddha). Some people rely on the word “self” to think that the Buddha is arrogant, or if there is a self, how can he become a Buddha? Although, solipsism has been explained many times, it is still not satisfactory. In fact, the phrase “solipsism is unique” aims to deify a certain philosophical meaning rather than historical value. History has told us that when the Crown Prince was born, it was unlikely that he would become a monk, because the fairy Asita predicted, there were two ways for the Prince to choose: “In life, turn the holy king; ordained as a Buddha”. Therefore, we can see that, in reality, the Crown Prince was born as normal as many other newborn babies, and thus would not be able to speak at birth. So, we may ask, why is that verse mentioned in the sutras? From what era? What does it mean? And, there is also the question of the contradiction between Buddhist history and philosophy.
The author believes that the sentence “Single and unique” can be added in the following cases: One is after the great enlightenment event of the Buddha, which was worshiped by contemporaries to weave that sublime event; Second, after the Buddha’s Nirvana, the disciples edited the scriptures to add, in order to enhance the personality of a great man, who must be different from human beings on earth; Third, Mahayana thought has reached a high level, giving the philosophy that Buddhahood is equal in all sentient beings. And, the author finds the third meaning to be the most prominent in the phrase “Single and unique”.
As we all know, the Buddhist view is that there is no self, everything that exists has no real self. This is the concept of early Buddhism (Early Buddhism). The Buddha realized that life is impermanent, nothing lasts forever, including this five aggregate body, so he decided to give up everything to find the truth. And the end goal is Nirvana With the condition of solving the root of self-grasping to reach no-self, establishing the view of no-self is Nirvana.
But by the time Mahayana Buddhism developed, the problems were further expanded: Not-self is not the end, not the ultimate goal. Therefore, the concept of Mahayana transcends the conventional prejudice of the doctrine of no-self, because no-self is not really Nirvana, not-self is only an important premise to attain Nirvana. The Great Bat Nirvana Sutra says that Eternal – Bliss – Self – Pure is the true meaning of Nirvana.
Therefore, what is called the Self must respond to the following factors: Most often unchanging, not due to other factors to exist, self-control, beyond treatment. Therefore, after no-self is not nothing, if there is emptiness without miraculous existence, there is no effect. So, after no-self is the ego, the real self, which only allows the dharma-body to be permanent, true, unchanging, but absolutely not what exists as the theory of self-being, because the self-self has been criticized and destroyed. broken from the beginning by theory selfless. The Buddha denied the doctrine of self and soul, because not yet selfless, people will cling to self and soul to hope for existence after death, that is the doctrine of Brahmins, Upanishads, ie. having an immortal soul is an illusion.
Commemorating Buddha’s birth
The word “self” here does not mean ego, illusory or fictitious self, but it is the true self, the true self, because only the true self is the one that transcends the world, the unique one. The Great Eight-Knowledge Sutra says: “No-self is birth and death, self is the Tathagata.” Because no-self is the premise to Nirvana, we must overcome the concept of no-self, break the veil of “no-self”, then we will truly achieve the ultimate liberation, which is Nirvana. This is an important meaning to clarify the phrase “Single and unique”.
Thereby, we realize that the word solipsism has many meanings:
1. Only self is enlightenment, because enlightenment is becoming a Buddha. That is the ultimate in life.
2. Only the self is the only true self, which is the miraculous property, ie when the ultimate vacuum is reached.
3. Only self is the only Buddha nature in each of us ‘the most precious’, because every living being has Buddha nature and will become Buddha.
4. Only the self is the permanent legal body, the essence of the three Buddhas and all living beings. With this in mind, the Great Parinirvana Sutra, chapter Ai lamented, the Buddha stated: “Self” is the true meaning of the Buddha, “Frequently” is the true meaning of the Dharma Body, “Bliss” is the true meaning of Nirvana. Table, “Pure” is the true meaning of the Dharma.
Thereby, solipsism is a particular philosophy, which does not mean that only I (solipsism) is the only one, that is, only the Buddha is above all. At the same time, solipsism means overcoming all preconceived notions from the Theravada about the theory of no-self, opening a new horizon on the theory of Buddha-nature equal in each being, defining the true meaning of the dharmakaya as an eternal real self, unborn and immortal. It is in this sense that the word solipsism becomes the most supreme of all species.
The Buddha attained immortality, or in other words, attained immortality (the eternal true self) and sentient beings in gods and humans are also capable of attaining this supreme place. That is the true meaning of the phrase “Single and unique”.