Posted on: May 13, 2022 Posted by: admin Comments: 0


Let’s review the life and career of the masters and nuns; recognize and honor the valuable contributions of Nun Huynh Lien who has devoted her life to the Dharma and the nation.

On the occasion of the 35th anniversary of the death of Senior Nun Huynh Lien (March 19, Dinh Mao – 1987 to March 19, Nham Dan – 2022), the Mendicant Order in collaboration with the Vietnam Institute of Buddhist Studies, co-organized the Association. National conference on the topic: “Bun Huynh Lien: Contributions to the Dharma – Nation and Inherited Values”. The article “Contributions of Senior Nun Huynh Lien to the Dharma and the nation” by Most Venerable Thich Hue Thong is a presentation in the Conference. The article aims to review the life and career of the Master’s nuns; recognize and honor the valuable contributions of Nun Huynh Lien who has devoted her life to the Dharma and the nation.

INTRODUCTIONS

After the successful August Revolution, the French colonialists returned to invade our country, from 1945 onwards, most of the patriotic Buddhists participated in the resistance war to serve the national independence. . Meanwhile, the Buddhist context at that time became prosperous with the fact that the General Buddhist Association of Vietnam was established in 1951, which helped to unite Buddhism in the three regions, creating favorable conditions for monks, nuns, Buddhists participate in the cause of national liberation because the concept of “ethnic dharma associated with the nation” has been engraved in the minds of patriotic Buddhists for generations.

During this time, in the South, a noblewoman appeared in the South, a nun from a family with a revolutionary tradition, who actively participated in the struggle movements in Saigon – Gia Lai. Predetermined 1975, contributing to the national liberation and unification cause of the whole nation. He also made certain contributions in the cause of building the Vietnamese Buddhist Church in general, forming and developing the Bhikshu sect and the Mendicant sect in particular. That master nun is Venerable Huynh Lien, whose great behavior has highlighted the image of resilience and passionate patriotism of the Vietnamese people in modern times, vividly expressing their roles and responsibilities. Protect the nation and people of the Buddha’s children with the history of the country.

During the 40 years (1947-1987) of serving the Dharma and the nation with indelible imprints in the minds of post-schoolers, Nun Huynh Lien always displayed shining moral qualities of a virtuous example. deserves to be an exemplary model in the spirit of reincarnation, making a certain contribution to the peaceful unification of the country and independence for the nation. In particular, the senior nun was the first nun of the Mendicant School, representing the era’s nuns, making a great contribution to leading the nuns and Buddhists of the Mendicant Order on the right path, at the same time. contributed efforts in the process of participating in the establishment and development of the Vietnam Buddhist Church in a historical period.

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During the 40 years (1947-1987) of serving the Dharma and the nation with indelible imprints in the minds of post-schoolers, Nun Huynh Lien always displayed shining moral qualities of a virtuous example. deserves to be an exemplary model in the spirit of reincarnation, making a definite contribution to the unification and peace of the country and the independence of the nation.

In this spirit, the article will be divided into three parts, first of all, we would like to summarize the position and career of the Nun, because this content is closely related to her behavior during the dedication process. for the Dharma and to serve the country; Next is the Nun’s contributions to the Dharma and the nation. During the 40 years (1947-1987) of serving the Dharma and the nation with indelible imprints in the minds of post-schoolers, Nun Huynh Lien. always shows the shining moral qualities of a virtuous example, worthy of being an exemplary model in the spirit of reincarnation, making a definite contribution to the unification and peace of the country and independence for the country. nation.

1. PERSONALITY

The great nun named Nguyen Thi Tru was born on March 19, 1923 (Quy Hoi) in Phu My village, Chau Thanh district, Dinh Tuong province (now Tien Giang province), in a Confucian family living on agriculture. The parents have five daughters, the eldest nun is the eldest daughter, the father is Mr. Nguyen Van Van, legal name Thien Tri; Her mother is Mrs. Le Thi Tao, whose legal name is Thien Lien (also ordained as a bhikkhuni in the Mendicant Order of the Nuns).

In her youth, the Nun finished her high school program, but later due to circumstances, she did not continue her education, but thanks to her uncle Le Quy Dam, who joined the revolution in the 1930s, was a member of the Party. The Indochinese Communist used to attend Hanoi College. During the time when his uncle returned home to recuperate, he taught and imparted knowledge and patriotic ideas to the Nun.

Born into a patriotic Confucian family with a revolutionary tradition. At the same time, growing up in the context that the country was invaded by the French at that time, the society was full of unfair oppression. Therefore, during the uprising of the whole people to seize power in 1945, the nun enthusiastically participated in patriotic activities with local women… Until the French colonialists returned, when the resistance participants temporarily retreated to Bung Bien, the nun returned to live with her aunt in Phu My village, TP. My Tho, Dinh Tuong province, to build an amphitheater to study classics. The nun’s journey, even though it took place in a short period of time, makes us think of our nation’s great female generals, that is, after completing the mission of fighting against foreign invaders, all you all returned to build the amphitheater to study the teachings and early in the morning to recite verses…

According to the history of the Mendicant Order, in 1946, the Patriarch Minh Dang Quang founded the Vietnamese Mendicant Buddhism (now known as the Mendicant School) with the principle of “Conducting the Sakyamuni Dharma”; In 1947, the first four nuns: Huynh Lien, Bach Lien, Thanh Lien, and Buu Lien were given a ordination with him by the patriarch, since then the Bhikshu sect was born and the monk Huynh Lien was born. the eldest son of the nuns in the Mendicant Order; From here, opening a new page in the history of reincarnation with the invaluable contributions of historical significance that the nun Huynh Lien has achieved during her service to the Dharma and the nation.

2. THE CONTRIBUTIONS OF NUTRIN HUNG LIEN TO THE COUNTRY

In the South, during the period 1945-1975, the country had many historical changes, especially in the face of Buddhist compatriots and followers suffering from oppression and misery, along with injustices in the policy of discriminating against Buddhism. of the Saigon government at that time, bearing patriotic blood along with the virtue of commitment, daring to accept all dangers and hardships, Nun Huynh Lien actively mobilized nuns and Buddhists to participate in the event. activities to fight for peace, national independence and perpetuate the rule of law. During this period, Ngoc Phuong Vihara built by the chief nun Huynh Lien became the center of the Bhikshu sect of nuns, where it was also one of the headquarters associated with the struggle for the liberation of the people. The ethnic group in Saigon – Gia Dinh before 1975 was very famous, but the nun was the typical leader of the nun community.

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Reaching out to guide the boat of oath,

Drop on the surface of the tank, arrange the bass;

Experience knitting a shirt of compassion,

Wrap around the world, warm human body.

(The Road to Liberation – Senior Nun Huynh Lien)

Back in history, in 1963, when Ngo Dinh Diem’s ​​government suppressed Buddhism, as the head of the Bhikshunis, the nun led the Bhikshunis, directly leading the protest groups. participating in movements to demand freedom of religion of Buddhism; combined with the struggle movements of students, students and people of Saigon – Gia Dinh, created a strong fighting spirit, which has profoundly affected many other localities in the South… It can be said, For a long time from 1963 until the last days of April 1975, the activities of fighting for peace and reunification of the South Vietnamese compatriots, monks, nuns and patriotic Buddhists became more and more vibrant and stylish. rich with many forms of struggle. Among them, there are fighting activities organized by the senior nun Huynh Lien and directly on the street, such as: “Hair-cutting ceremony for peace” (October 18, 1970); protests against the US and its henchmen (October 25, 1970); meeting to issue a 10-point declaration on peace of the People’s Front for Peaceful Democracy (November 7, 1970); established a branch of the Women’s Movement for the Right to Live in Can Tho, Tra Vinh (November 22, 1970); The Nun coordinated with student and student movements to organize demonstrations demanding the release of political prisoners (January 1, 1971); coordinate with international women to condemn war and advocate for peace (January 5, 1971); held a press conference with the theme “People demand food, Buddhism demands peace” and “Farmers demand the right to life”, to reclaim land that has been appropriated by the government’s henchmen to build public works. war (April 7, 1971). At An Quang Pagoda, on August 2, 1971, the nun participated in the establishment and acted as an advisor for the Women’s Right to Life Movement, the headquarters of this organization is located at Ngoc Phuong Vihara.

After that, the nun continued to participate in the establishment of the People’s Front for Peaceful Democracy, chaired by Mr. Dang Van Ky. After this organization was established, on September 6, 1971, the nun organized a struggle to demand that the Saigon government at that time should release Ms. Ngo Ba Thanh, Chairman of the Women’s Movement for the Right to Life. ; On September 18, 1971, in the presence of Senator George Stanley McGovern at the Redemptorist Church on Ky Dong Street, the Nun coordinated with fellow Catholics to denounce war crimes. In addition, the Nun also collaborated with students and students from Saigon – Gia Dinh to fight against “militarization of school chemistry”;…

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