In 1963, Venerable Thich Quang Duc set himself on fire in South Vietnam and left an undying heart for mankind. It can be said that this is an event that shocked the world and awakened human conscience in the twentieth century.
After this event, Vietnamese Buddhism seemed to have escaped the great tribulation, even the danger of extinction. His action is the noble vow of a Bodhisattva.
So the story about undying heart How did Most Venerable Thich Quang Duc leave behind? Dear Buddhists, welcome to read the following article through the sharing on Master Thich Truc Thai Minh.
Biography of Most Venerable Thich Quang Duc
Most Venerable Thich Quang Duc (also known as Bodhisattva Thich Quang Duc), whose name is Lam Van Tuat, was born in 1897 in Hoi Khanh village, Van Khanh commune, Van Ninh district, Khanh Hoa province. He was born in a family of 7 brothers and sisters, his parents were Mr. Lam Huu Ung and Mrs. Nguyen Thi Nuong.
At the age of 7, he was allowed to go forth from the home life by his parents. At the age of 15, he was ordained as a novice monk, and at the age of 20, he was ordained as a monk. His Dharma name is Thi Thuy, Phap self is Hanh Phap and Phap name is Quang Duc. He held many leadership positions in the Buddhist Church at that time: Proving Master for the Ninh Hoa Buddhist Association, Deputy Administrator and Head of Ceremonies of the South Vietnamese Sangha,… Besides, He also contributed in the construction and restoration of many temples.
His whole life he was complete in cultivating the Way, keeping the precepts, leading the momentum, practicing dignified. In 1958, when he realized that he was old and weak, he asked to quit all his positions to devote himself to meditation. However, having a compassionate heart, he still let his feet wander on the path, leaving marks in many places, benefiting sentient beings.
The “Destiny Prayer” of Bodhisattva Thich Quang Duc self-immolated
From 1954 to 1963, South Vietnam was under the rule of Ngo Dinh Diem’s government. The government has implemented many harsh policies towards the people; in which, prominently with the policy of discriminating against religion, especially Buddhism. The government banned temples from flying Buddhist flags, banned monks and nuns from preaching the Dharma, and continued arrests and beatings of monks and nuns.
The climax was on the full moon night of the 4th lunar month in 1963, at Hue radio and television station, when Buddhists heard the news of Buddha’s birthday, the government of Ngo Dinh Diem suppressed it, killing 8 Buddhists and a number of other Buddhists. injured. This event caused strong anger among the people, especially Buddhists, against the Ngo Dinh Diem regime.
After the massacre that day, the Vietnam Buddhist Association, consisting of senior Buddhist leaders at Tu Dam Pagoda (Hue), sent a 5-point manifesto demanding religious equality to the government of the Republic of Vietnam. Peace but not accepted by President Diem. Before the reaction of monks, nuns, and Buddhists fighting to protect Buddhism, Ngo Dinh Diem’s government even intensified the fierce and cruel repression.
In that situation, as a true disciple of the Tathagata, he was not content to sit and watch the Buddha Dharma stand in danger. That’s why, on May 27, 1963, he decided to go to An Quang Bach Pagoda with Most Venerable Thich Thien Hoa – Chief Executive of the South Vietnamese Sangha and submitted an application for cremation to protect the Dharma as well as the survival of the Sangha. death of Vietnam. In the petition, Most Venerable Thich Quang Duc affirmed: “The spirit of Buddhism has been associated with the spirit of the nation and nation, when Buddhism prospers, the country prospers, when Buddhism declines, the nation declines, this has been proved by history. “.
In particular, in the “Prayer of Determination” before self-immolation, His Holiness affirmed: “I gladly take this vow to burn this temporary body as an offering to the Buddhas in order to dedicate the merit of preserving Buddhism”. There are four points in the resolution:
– One is to pray for the Buddha’s blessing for President Ngo Dinh Diem to wisely accept the five minimum aspirations of Vietnamese Buddhism stated in the manifesto.
– Second, thanks to the Buddha’s mercy and blessing for Vietnamese Buddhism to be eternal and immortal.
– The third is to ask for the Buddha’s grace to protect Vietnamese monks, nuns, and Buddhists from the accident of terrorism and the persecution and imprisonment of the wicked.
– Fourth is to pray for a peaceful country and peaceful people.
His vow of determination showed the compassion of a true Buddhist disciple to the Ngo Dinh Diem government, wishing to awaken the government “to show compassion and love to the nation and implement the policy of equality and religion.” religion to maintain the country forever”, wishing the country peace, the people at peace, the Buddha Dharma long in the world.
The event of self-immolation and the “immortal heart” of Most Venerable Thich Quang Duc
On April 20, the year of the Rabbit (ie, June 11, 1963), as arranged, the Venerable Master was sitting in a car, a Venerable had doused his clothes with gasoline. His car led the procession procession of relics of saints and martyrs of more than 800 monks, monks and nuns and Buddhists.
When the procession arrived at the intersection of Phan Dinh Phung – Le Van Duyet (now the intersection of Nguyen Dinh Chieu – Cach Mang Thang Tam, District 3, Ho Chi Minh City), the Venerable Master got off the bus and came to the middle of the crossroads, Mr. calmly cross the legs, calmly light the fire.
The fire burned large and high, covering his body, but he still peacefully folded his hands and sat down like a black bronze statue in the presence of many monks, nuns, Buddhists and people. About 15 minutes later, when the fire died down, the Venerable Master bowed several times as if greeting the assembly, then he lay on his back with his hands still sealed.
Before Venerable Thich Quang Duc’s great vow of “the Dharma burning body”, we can affirm that, if an ordinary person does not have the effort to practice, if there is no aspiration, it is impossible to endure. We were only burned a little, it was unbearable, yet in the midst of such a large fire, the Venerable Master was still sitting calmly without pain.
After that, His body was brought to An Duong Diem for a cremation ceremony. The heat of the fire can burn many things, but the miracle is that the heart of the immortal relic is still intact even though it has been cremated twice, with temperatures up to more than 4,000 degrees Celsius.
The heart of his immortal relic has opened the light of hope for Buddhism, fulfilling his prophecy when he was alive: – Firstly, after he burned himself, there would be something left to be preserved. life – it was the result of his whole life of practice. – Second, when burning, if you die in the supine position, the fight for religious equality will be successful. And indeed, the coup on November 1, 1963, caused the Ngo Dinh Diem government to completely collapse. collapsed, Vietnamese Buddhism escaped the danger of extinction.
“Immortal heart” by Most Venerable Thich Quang Duc is the miracle of the Buddhadharma, the crystallization of his spiritual energy, virtuous lifestyle and generous compassion for the benefit of all sentient beings. The indestructibility of the “immortal heart” is also what Bodhisattva Thich Quang Duc left for the world to know that: The life of the true spiritual practitioners is beyond ordinary reasoning; and the spiritual world still exists, parallel in this impermanent, birth and death world.
Therefore, if we reverently bow to His heart, we will surely gain many blessings. And if the country is in trouble or in danger as we know it, turning to the heart of Bodhisattva Thich Quang Duc to respectfully bow, make offerings, and pray, there will be a miraculous inspiration because it is compatible with his vows. It is a wish for a peaceful country and peaceful people.
The event of Bodhisattva Thich Quang Duc because of the practice of cremation shocked global public opinion. His great vow is the spirit of “becoming Buddha above, saving sentient beings below”, serving the Buddhadharma with his body, vowing to be a lamp to guide sentient beings. His sacrifice protects human rights, the development of the Buddhadharma and brings about world peace.
Bodhisattvas are shining examples of monks and nuns and Buddhists. Because only true practice can preserve the life of the Buddha Dharma, the Three Jewels often stay for a long time, serving as a refuge for all sentient beings.
Through the event of “the Dharma burning body” of the Most Venerable Thich Quang Duc, I hope that Buddhists will see the miraculous inspiration as well as the good value that the Buddha Dharma brings, from which they vow to protect the Tam for all eternity. Treasure, transmit the Buddhadharma, spread to the world, wish the Buddha Dharma to last forever with the nation.
Three Golden Temple