Today, science and technology has developed, but it is also impossible to control the lustful lifestyle of people through seemingly innocuous habits, so diseases are increasing, more dangerous, New strains of viruses are emerging.
That is why scientists are making efforts to call on people to establish a healthy lifestyle to balance both body and mind. But it is not today that this lifestyle is warned, but in the past, the Buddha with his wisdom, he clearly knew that there was an intimate relationship between the material life (health and physicality) with life. human spirit (thoughts and emotions). Since then, he has paid great attention to directing people to a healthy lifestyle, in order to limit physical diseases, besides, he also offered many methods to help people cut off the source of mental illnesses. that is self-grasping, in order to give practitioners a life full of positive energy and meaning.
COMPREHENSIVE HUMAN STRUCTURE BY BUDDHISM
The structure of a comprehensive human being according to the relative aspect of phenomena is the composition of the Five Aggregates (Panca Khandha) i.e. the accumulation of five groups including: Aggregates of Form, Aggregates of Feelings, Aggregates of Perception, Aggregates of Actions, Aggregates of Consciousness. . The rupa aggregates belong to the physical part (body), the remaining four aggregates belong to the psychological part (mind). The material aggregates are the four elements (four elements) that make up the human body: Earth, water, wind, fire, and things made up of the four elements. The dharmas made up of the four elements consist of the five senses: the eye, the ear, the nose, the tongue, the body, and their five objects are the five sense objects: form, sound, smell, taste, and touch. The aggregate of feeling is caused by the senses in contact with external scenes that produce feelings of joy, sadness, and insignificance. The aggregate of perception is to take the external scene into the mind, the function of perception is to recognize whether things are material or spiritual. The aggregates are the activities or fabrications of the mind. The aggregate of consciousness is to perceive clearly, the function of consciousness is to clearly know the presence of the object. These aggregates depend on each other to exist, without one of the five aggregates, one cannot be understood as a person. In modern language, man is a composite of five groups including matter (form); emotion (feeling), reason (perception), will (action) and perception (consciousness). That is, a person must be complete in terms of thinking, brain and emotion, heart.
CAUSES OF Illnesses
Through the above analysis, it can be seen that human beings are composed of two factors, body and mind, from which the Buddha divided disease into two basic categories: sick body and sick mind. This classification of diseases is also consistent with modern medical paradigms. Because modern medicine also believes that human health includes two aspects: healthy body and healthy mind (spirit).
DISEASE OF THE BODY
In many sutras such as: Sutra of Tang Chi, Sutra of Buddha’s Diagnosis, Sutra of Great Medicine King Buddha, etc., Buddha pointed out many causes of illness, which can come from physiology, behavior, living environment. … But overall with a comprehensive view, he said that the disease of the body is the manifestation of the dissonance of the four elements of the material aggregates. When the four elements function smoothly, the body is healthy, and one of the four elements is discordant and weak, leading to illness. For example, when the wind element dominates the other factors, the breathing becomes rapid; fire dominates, body heat increases; When water is oppressive, people are as cold as ice; As the earth grows, the body becomes heavy. From these four causes, many other diseases arise. In addition, the correlation between the human body and the four elements of earth, water, wind and fire in the natural environment in which people live also leads to disease. For example, when the wind is cold, the body is aching, when the ground is cold, it is slightly blocked, when the water is high, the fire is less, the body is thin…
The origin of mental illness comes from attachment to these five unreal aggregates. They are bound to think that the physical, intellectual, emotional, … are their own and strive to find happiness through them and never accept the change of life as the law of impermanence. For example, they will suffer when wrinkled skin, gray hair, etc. appear on their bodies, or they will want to keep happy moments forever, but never accept suffering. It is because clinging to an unreal “self” and not accepting the change of life should lead to diseases of the mind that have the opportunity to arise such as: Stress, depression, fear, anxiety, etc.
The way of dividing into sick body, sick mind is relative because body and mind are interrelated entities in the same body. The arising of afflictions is not only a manifestation of mental illness, but can also lead to physical illness. For example, when anxiety and anger arise in a person, the blood vessels constrict, causing a rise in blood pressure, which is a risk for a heart attack…
METHODS OF LIVING HEALTHY Taught by Buddha
After knowing the cause of illness, it can be seen that on the path of practicing the path to enlightenment, if we get sick in body or mind, it will be a big hindrance. Because the body is the tool used to practice the Dharma to reach the ultimate fruition. Therefore, Buddha always encouraged people to live a healthy lifestyle, by changing their thinking about eating, resting and working to have a balanced body both body and mind.
Binge eating is not only unhelpful, but it is the main cause of destruction of the body, as the old saying goes: “Imported conjunctiva”. During the Buddha’s time in the world, King Pasenadi’s meal was very rich, but was not appreciated by the Buddha for providing the necessary nutrients for the body, leading to poor health. The Buddha taught King Pasenadi about eating and drinking that:
“People are often mindful.”
Eaten, you know?
Moderate, strong feelings
Slow aging, long life span.”
After listening to the Buddha’s instructions, the king knew moderation in eating and drinking. After some time, the king’s body became healthy and he uttered the following inspirational words: “Oh, indeed the Blessed One has thought of my good, both present and future lives! . Through that story, it can be seen that the meal of the kings in the past, although very hearty, did not mean it was good for health. Therefore, the kings of the past had a short life span. Today, in a more developed era, food awareness is the top concern through popular news in the media, but few people pay attention to this issue.
Practice healthy eating habits by eating in moderation to maintain balance between the four elements, easy metabolism and absorption, allowing life force to flow unimpeded through the whole body body. See food as medicine, to support the body, cure hunger, quench thirst and prevent disease. Like a bee that sucks the pistil, they consume only what is needed, but not the entire petal. Thereby, preventing digestive diseases and other health problems, helping to keep the mind clear, lucid, and longevity. In particular, the Buddha also noted that after eating, it is necessary to walk, because one of the five benefits of walking is: “It leads to good digestion of what is eaten, drunk, chewed, and tasted.” . Walking is simply walking mindfully. Menstruation after eating both helps the body to digest after eating, avoids intestinal diseases, and helps us practice patience, body conditioning, endurance and flexibility.
Sleep is also one of the important needs in daily life. Getting enough sleep is important, but today, sleep deprivation is a serious problem for people of all ages. Insomnia comes from the fact that we are too engrossed in work or pressure from life with the mind filled with worries about study, livelihood, work, etc. and bring those calculations into sleep. sleep, causing the mind to work too hard, leading to difficulty falling asleep or not sleeping well.
The Buddha suggested that in order to have a peaceful sleep, it is necessary to stay mindful and alert through the following sutta: “Monks, there are these five benefits for those who remain mindful and awake to fall asleep. What is the year? Sleep well; wake up well; no nightmares; protected by the gods; impurity does not flow . Mindful mindfulness is a way of life with the mind fully awake and lucid, fully aware of the workings of the body. For example, when eating, you know that you are eating, when sitting, you know that you are sitting, when you are working, you know you are working, etc., without falling into evil thoughts. In the same way, before going to sleep, staying awake helps us know that we are going to sleep, but put aside our worries for the purpose of relaxing the mind, purifying the mind, making the mind become calm and empty. quiet, balanced, unwavering, from which we have a light sleep. If you continuously practice the habit of mindfulness and alertness before going to sleep, you will prevent the increase of disease and increase the quality of life. “Before sleeping, the mind sleeps, after sleeping, the eyes sleep” is the Buddhist principle of sleep.
In addition, the sleeping position was also focused by the Buddha, because it is related to the peace of mind and body and health. The Buddha taught that there are four ways to sleep: lying on your back, lying on your left side, lying on your right side, and lying down on the Tathagata’s four layers of meditation. In the sutras he often lies on his right side: “Then the Blessed One, after walking outdoors for a large part of the night, when the night was near, he washed his feet, entered the vihara, and lay down on his side. right hip in the lying position of a lion, legs crossed, mindfully alert and thinking about waking up.” .
Today, the right side lying position is also scientifically explained that this position has…