Posted on: June 2, 2022 Posted by: admin Comments: 0

Practitioners practice, lower their hands, gradually observe to cut off wrong attachments, shed afflictions, improve unwholesome seeds, improve the ground of mind, and clean the weeds of “failures of knowledge” and “distractions” brain obstacles” witness the “honesty member” realm to step to the threshold of peaceful liberation.


Consciousness-only study is called Dharma general study, a subject that analyzes the world and human spiritual phenomena. It illuminates the perception of the general nature of all dharmas. Practitioners practice, lower their hands, gradually observe to cut off wrong attachments, shed afflictions, improve unwholesome seeds, improve the ground of mind, and clean the weeds of “failures of knowledge” and “distractions” brain obstacles” witness the “honesty member” realm to step to the threshold of peaceful liberation.

The Flower Adornment Sutra says: “It is necessary to create only the mind.” The Sutra is called the mind. Mind is the basis of perception, discrimination, understanding, so according to the theory it is called Mind Only. Only consciousness has a great role and influence in Buddhist philosophy. Consciousness only has given Buddhist learners a realistic view of life and the world, and also offers practitioners a method of practice to transform the outer and inner surroundings to go from the nature and return to the truth. Thus Mind Only became a major sect of the ten schools of Mahayana Buddhism.

Buddhism was introduced to Vietnam very early. “Around the beginning of the Western era. The documents certainly indicate that in the second half of the second century, there was already a prosperous and important Buddhist center in our country, but it is possible that Buddhism was introduced to our country in the first century of this era. “(first). Since its introduction into Vietnam, Buddhism has been peacefully received and localized, integrated with the religious culture of the Vietnamese people from the very beginning, without any contradictions. out. Thoughts of death, compassion, cause and effect, karma … have been reconciled with the philosophy of the residents here. Buddhism was quickly received and entered into cultural life, making significant contributions from the early days of nation building and strongly influenced the cultural identity of the nation. The history of Vietnamese Buddhism is always associated with the history of the nation. “Buddhism has successfully demonstrated its ideological role and reached the pinnacle of national culture and national religion in the Ly – Tran dynasties and continued to promote those cultural values ​​throughout the entire history of Buddhism. Vietnamese cultural history to the present day”(2).

With the spirit of the contract, the contract of the body, the contract of the time, the contract of origin of Buddhism. Vietnamese Buddhism is flexible and flexible using many different methods by the Patriarchs to convey the profound and wonderful teachings into people’s lives. As the Buddha said: “Bodhisattvas must be skillful in the means of propagating the righteous Dharma and benefiting sentient beings. That is, the bodhisattva must skillfully apply appropriate methods to propagate the Buddha’s teachings and ideas.” Thus, the means is a tool to bring people to enter the religion and give up hope. The means is not the ultimate salvation, but in order to lead people to enter the path, it is also considered a necessary form. Just as a person crossing a river needs to rely on a raft, so we must use ritual effectively to bring people to the way. Buddhist ritual is one of the means by which the Patriarchs were skillful in the past. Applying Buddhist teachings and philosophic thoughts to create the Suspects, with chants, verses, and directions… on the one hand to meet spiritual needs, on the other hand, through which listeners can become enlightened. but practice. Rituals can be said to be an art form, simplifying Buddhist philosophies. I would like to present the ritual of offering “Reconciliation of injustice and ending” (3) of Northern Buddhism, which is still used on occasions of death and death, from the point of view of the mind of the Only Consciousness Study of the Dharma.

Illustrated photo.

CHAPTER 1. Dependent origination of Duy Thuc Tong

1.1. Origin and Inheritance

As we all know, because of great causes and conditions, the Buddha appeared to be born for the purpose of “instructing sentient beings to enter the Buddha’s knowledge and understanding”, giving up delusions and returning to his own “pure nature”. But the basis of sentient beings is not the same, so there are many Dharma doors and sects that are suitable for each level of sentient being.

The first is the Theravada – Mahasanghikas (right after the Buddha entered Nirvana less than 100 years). From 2 main sects divided into 8 sects to more than 20 sects in India, to China divided into 10 sects. In fact, the study of Consciousness only dates back to the time of the Buddha in the Avatamsaka Sutras, Dharma Flowers, and Langyas belonging to Mahayana Buddhism, or in the Theravada Sutras such as A Ham (Nikaya), Dhammapada (Dharmapada). The content contains the philosophy of mind “the only three worlds, all things mind-only” or “in the top dharma mind to master”,…

Historically, when the Buddha passed away 900 years at the end of the fourth century (TL), Maitreya Bodhisattva accepted Asanga’s request to lecture on five treatises: Yogacaryabhumi – sastra, Analytic analysis. Discourse on Yoga (Vibhanga – yoga – sastra), Great Dignity (Maharyuha – sastra), Discourse on the Middle Ages (Madhaanta – vibhaga – sastra), Vajra Prajnaparamita Sutra (Vajraparajna – sutra – sastra). As the 5 basic treatises of the Mind Only School, the ancestor of this school is Maitreya Bodhisattva. Later, two people, Mr. Asanga and Vasubandhu, collected and systematized, popularized in India. Created many treatises such as The Exposition of the Holy Doctrine (Aryava – prakarana – sastra), Mahayana Abhidharma (Maha – Abhidharma – sastra), Mahayana (Mahayana – Sampanigraha – sastra). After that, there were Tran Na, Voi Tinh, Protector of Dharma, and Gioi Hien who inherited Duy Vien’s study and passed it on to China.

In the 3rd year of Trinh Quan (629 TL) of the reign of Duong Thai Tong, Mr. Huyen Trang entered Truc to pray for the Dharma, traveled for 17 years in India to study the Yoga Sutras, expound the Holy Doctrines, and gain insight. Magical theory of Only Consciousness. After that, he returned to his native country to establish the Dharma General School in China. Later, there were Mr. Khuy Co, Hue Chieu, Tri Chau, and Grandmaster Thai Hu, who made Vipassana spread and influence quite strongly.

1.2. Medical scriptures

Duy Thuc Tong is based on six Sutras and eleven treatises as the canon of this school.

– The six Sutras include:

1. Avatamsaka – sastra

2. Solve Deep Secret Sutras (Samdhinirmocana – sastra)

3. The Tathagata Appears the Virtuous Virtue Ornament Sutra.

4. Mahayana Abhidharma Sutra (Abhidharma – sastra)

5. Tomb of the Old Testament (Lankavatava – sastra)6. Ghanavyuha – sastra

– Eleven treatises including:

1. The Yoga of the Earth Commentary (Yogacaryabhumi – sastra) of Maitreya and Asanga.2. Aryadesanavikhyapana – sastra (Sastra) 3. Mahayana Sutralamkara – Sastra (Mahayana Sutralamkara – sastra) 4. Volume of Comments (Pramaasamuccaya – sastra) 5. The Ten Grounds Sutras (Dasabhumikasutra – sastra)6. Mahayana Samgraha (Sastra) 7. Discrimination of Yoga (Yoganirdera – sastra)8. The Argument of the Middle Ages (Madkyanta – Vibhaga – sastra) by Maitreya and Vasubandhu (Maitreya – Vasubandhu)9. Vimsikavijnap tikarika – sastra) by Vasubandhu 10. Alambanapa riksa – sastra) by Tran Na (Dignaga)11. Abhidharmasa muccaya – sastra

CHAPTER 2. Overview of the Mind Only Study of Dharma Generals

2.1. Definition of Consciousness-Only The Thirteen-Three Chants defines Mind Only as follows:

“Consciousness changes”

Discriminatory division

Due to bad luck

Try to be Mind Only” (4)

The above verse means: “Those consciousnesses change and give rise to the knowledge of the discriminative function, that is, the subject of perception and the characteristic of the discriminant, that is, the object of perception. Because both of those faculties are not real, it is said that all dharmas are caused by consciousness” (5).

“Only Consciousness is another name for Mind. Consciousness only means excluding things outside the mind, choosing only the mind. This prevents the confused distinction that the outer realm has a real self, a real dharma exists, in order to manifest the true nature of consciousness, the inner realm.

“All things in this universe are still not certain of anything or anything; Only because of this Consciousness does it work, or discerning things like this or that, it really does. In fact, all things are created by the mind, there is only a fake appearance…. Therefore, you must know: All things in this universe are not real, there is only Consciousness, so it is called Consciousness Only. To say the word Duy means that apart from Consciousness, there is nothing else” (7).

Thus, Mind Only Study is a discipline that studies and analyzes conditioned dharmas in a detailed and detailed manner to help practitioners see the dharmas as they really are, without being delusional (non-quantitative), clearly seeing the nature of the Unconditioned. usually, the selflessness of dharmas. Going from phenomenon to being, from dharma to dharmata, by means of through concepts, thereby breaking down ego-clinging, dharma-grasping, transforming Consciousness into Wisdom to attain peace and liberation.

2.2. Methods according to Mind Only Study of Dharma Generals

2.2.1. Why is it called the Dharma General Only Consciousness?

According to the book The Commentary on the Dharma General, the Only Mind Study of the Great Master Thai Hu, translated by the Venerable Thich Thang Hoan, it is explained that: “The French General is the appearance, the meaning and the physical appearance to understand all the dharmas. All dharmas are infinite, inexhaustible, but when scholars study the very important and the very basic, all of them are no more than a hundred dharmas. Based on the works of Thien Than Bach Phap Minh Mon Luat, Mahayana Five Aggregates, etc… for collection, study and reference, one hundred dharmas are divided into five groups: Mind Dharma, Mind Possessing Dharma, Form Dharma , the Uncompromising Mind practices the Dharma and the Unviolating Dharma”.

“Dharma means “fundamental maintenance”. Fund means “organism solution”, Tri means “remember to maintain self-nature”. Thanh Duy Thuc Luan, volume 1 says: “Dharma means the maintenance. Fund ie the fund (framework, rules), can be based on that to know about things; maintenance means accepting (self-holding), not leaving his self-image.(8)

2.2.2. Perceiving the dharmas according to the Only Study of Dharma Generals

Thus, the scriptures talk about all dharmas (Dharma here is different from the word “Dharma”, which is the teaching of the Buddha), that is, the generalization of all dharmas (phenomena, things) in the universe….


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