Thien Phat Cave in Gansu province (China) is known as the world’s largest and richest treasure of Buddhist art, with a population of 735 caves.
Thien Thuy Mach Tich Son Thach Quat – a complex of 735 caves carved into the rock Buddha and priceless paintings of Chinese Buddhism are located in the mountains 45km southwest of Tianshui, Gansu province in northwest China, more than 150 meters high, according to historical records. The southwest, south, and southeast of the cliff have layers of caves stacked between the connecting caves.
Mac Tich Son cave was built in the late Qin Dynasty (about the 3rd century BC), dating back to the decade of the late Qin, post-Western Qin, Northern Wei, Western Wei, Northern Zhou, Sui , Tang, 5 dynasties Song, Yuan, Ming and Qing were built and restored; in turn carved Buddha statues on the cliffs from 30 to 70 meters high, containing more than 7,200 Buddhist art sculptures and more than 1,000 square meters of paintings.
The first caves were built as places of Buddhist meditation and worship. It is also the most famous Buddhist cave in China, along with Yungang Grottoes and Longmen Grottoes becoming the three most famous ancient Buddhist sculpture sites in China.
In Chinese, this place is often called “Thousand Buddha Cave” which means “Thousand Buddha Cave”. This is the name that scholars speculate is related to the legend of the formation of Macao cave, when a monk saw the image of a thousand Buddhas here. However, the fact is that the name may come from the large number of Buddha images or figures painted on the walls of the caves.
Art here includes more than 10 categories including architecture, stucco, murals, silk paintings, calligraphy, woodblocks, embroidery, literature, music, dance, and entertainment. A special feature in addition to the cave structure must be mentioned Buddhist art such as: murals in the system of caves. Visual arts as an intermediate transformation, connecting the Buddhist art of India, Central Asia and China.
The current, Mai Xishan Cave This precious treasure, together with the Longmen, Dunhuang, Dai Tu, and Yungang caves, have become the typical Buddhist five-stone caves representing the architectural system of Buddha statues in the caves to preserve the golden scriptures and jade shelves. Buddhist Dictionary) and preserves the image of the typical Buddha of China in the Indian style, which is preserved quite well to this day.
Lingzhi (According to Xinhua & Wiki)
Source: Journalists and Public opinion