Posted on: June 30, 2022 Posted by: admin Comments: 0

Buddhism holds that all sentient beings have Buddha nature. Mind-only study provides a methodology to help guide people in training to reach the correct perception of the phenomenal world, thereby having appropriate responses to that world in order to bring them peace and happiness. people and for the environment.

3. Theoretical basis of Educational Psychology according to the Mind Only

In order to understand Mind Only Study and use it in practice, one must read directly into the Mind Only Treatise and related texts and treatises. The very brief introduction here is only to come to the conclusion that Mind Only Learning contains educational psychological elements that can be applied to the modern school system.

3.1. Some important terms to know

Mind-only learning uses a special terminology system, which needs to be mastered in order to understand cognitive forms according to Mind-Only study. Below are the terms related to defining the logical basis of Educational Psychology according to Mind Only.

3.1.1. The sense faculty is the sensory faculty made up of matter, which is the support of consciousness, for example, the eye faculty is the eye, the refuge of the eye consciousness.

3.1.2. The object is the perceived object, sometimes it is an external object (outside the mind), sometimes it is an object inside the mind, because according to Mind Only study, even in the mind there is a perceiving subject and the object is perceived, called part and general part; It is this view of Mind Only that allows the introspective method to have a certain value in psychological investigation. Consciousness-only study divides the scene into three types: The nature is the real scene, the reality itself of things, which is almost impossible for the perceiving subject to achieve because when it comes into contact with things, the perceiving subject has impose opinions on it. Real scene is a scene with only a little shadow of the real scene because it has been distorted by the mind of the perceiver. A monolithic scene is a scene created by the mind according to available memories, not a real feeling.

3.1.3. Quantity is the standard and basis for perceiving things. Consciousness only points out three quantities: Existence is perception by intuition; For example, when the eye sees, it immediately perceives without thinking. Ratio is recognition based on comparison, judgment, is a discriminating effect of the intellect, for example, seeing smoke, one knows that there is fire. Non-quantity is a false perception. Even intuitive perception is wrong because it has never seen the unknown.

3.1.4. The nature used in the texts on Mind Only Studies is to refer to the good and bad qualities of perception. The quality of awareness has three natures as good, evil and unsigned; no sign means neither good nor evil.

3.1.5. Seed means seed. Just as the seeds of plants can give rise to different kinds of plants, the seeds of mind stored in the eighth consciousness (store consciousness) have the capacity to give rise to all kinds of rupa and psycho-dharma, that is, all physical as well as psychological phenomena. In Consciousness Only, the seed is also known as the habit.

3.1.6. Present is the arising arising from the seed stored in the Store Consciousness. Mind Only School says that this arising occurs only when there are sufficient causes and conditions.

3.1.7. Huan Xiu means steaming, such as using fragrance to marinate clothes. The power of good or bad actions imprinted on people’s minds is called training. The mind-only school holds that all phenomena that arise in the previous seven consciousnesses are phenomena that have the power to imbue the eighth consciousness, and that all that is trained in the eighth consciousness is always preserved for current when conditions are available.

3.1.8. Knowledge is the cognitive effect of the subject with cognitive capacity; against the part which is the object of perception.

3.1.9. Consciousness is talking about the effect of consciousness, always transforming direct perception into its own perception according to the mental factors corresponding to the perceiver; on the other hand, when an act trained in the eighth consciousness becomes the seed, this seed also always changes according to the content of the training of the eighth consciousness. Consciousness only as well as Buddhist epistemology holds that all phenomena arising and passing away only exist for a moment (which is the smallest unit of time) but after passing away, they become a new phenomenon. that is the transformation of consciousness and the transformation of consciousness, collectively known as the transformation of consciousness.

Buddha – The Timeless Psychotherapist


3.2. Summary of the mind possessing dharmas

Mind-only scholars have distinguished all 51 mental states called dhammas-possessions, which often appear at the same time as cittas in the process of perception, and divide them into five types according to their properties.

3.2.1 The five mental factors are mental states that are always present with the dharma in all cognitive processes: Contact is contact, contact with objects. Attention is the attention on the object; Feeling is a perceptive state of an object, including feelings of pain and suffering, representing an unsettled state of mind, pleasant feeling, a feeling of happiness and joy, and equanimity, a state of indifference. Perception is an impression and perception of an object, often of little value because of its false character. Self here means will, which is action with determination, one of the causes of karma.

3.2.2. Five mental factors special context, are psychological states present only in some cases related to appropriate cognitive subjects: Sex is the mental effect of wanting a career to be completed; Winning is the state of understanding an object; Mindfulness is the effect of the mind, clearly remembering the object to be noticed; Concentration is the state of focusing on the object; Wisdom is the effect of mental reasoning. Wisdom consciousness is present in the seventh consciousness.

3.2.3. Eleven good qualities: Trust is faith, trust, trust; Tam is to be ashamed of oneself, Precious is to feel shame in front of others, Non-greed is to control greed, Non-hatred is to know how to control anger, Non-delusion is to have enough understanding to distinguish right from wrong, Diligence is trying to do good and forsake evil, Contempt is to keep a light state of mind before the object of perception, Non-distraction is not letting loose, Equanimity is remaining in a state of stillness of mind, No Harm is not harm, do not disturb. These cetasikas are always present in the Five Sensation Consciousnesses and, depending on the case, are present in the Sixth Consciousness.

3.2.4. The afflictive mental factors are of two classes:

The basic category of afflictions has 6 mental factors including Greed, which is self-centered, Hatred, which is easily provoked to anger, ignorance, which makes it easy to believe false things, Pride, which is conceited and comparative. Losing to others and then looking down on them or having a defiant attitude, Doubt is a lack of faith, having doubts, Evil views are wrong thoughts. The three mental factors Greed, Hatred, and Si are always present together with the Five Sensual Consciousnesses. Depending on the case, all these six basic mental factors of Defilement will be present in the sixth consciousness. The mental factors Greed, Si, Man, and Ant are always present in the seventh consciousness.

Class Sui afflictions, belonging to the category of unwholesome mental states of little importance, include 20 mental factors with the following names: Anger is to act violently when meeting with disagreement, Hatred is persistent resentment, Phu is hiding one’s sins, Brain is sadness because of remembering the past and not happy with the present, Sick is jealousy and envy, Xan is stingy and stingy, Pong is a lie and deception with attitude Moral hypocrisy, Siem is flattery, Harm is to harm, hurt, Pride is snobbery, consider himself good or good, Innocent is not ashamed of himself, Valuable is shameless in front of others, Restlessness is a restless state of mind, Lethargy is a restless state of mind, Unbelief is lack of faith, Leisure is laziness, Distraction is laxity, Disappointment Mindfulness is the inability to remember the perceived object and kusala dhammas, Scattered is the mind that becomes agitated by the object, Unrighteous knowledge is the inability to properly understand what is observed, true knowledge is obscured . These mental factors are always present in the previous five consciousnesses and, depending on the case, are present in the sixth consciousness.

3.2.5. The four uncertain mental factors are Repentance, which is repentance for the mistakes made, Mien, which causes drowsiness, which causes the body and mind to become dark, Seeking and thinking, which causes lack of calm, Four, which is attention and investigation. These mental facilities are present depending on the case

3.3. Cognitive process according to Mind Only

Consciousness-Only School holds that with perseverance in the practice of appropriate training measures, all human beings are capable of attaining a true perception of the reality of all things. When properly perceived, all dharmas have the same reality as things Buddha pointed out, is Impermanent, Suffering and Non-Self. However, it is with that right perception that all beings in the human realm can adjust their attitudes and behaviors to bring about their own happiness and contribute to building a peaceful human society, a Nirvana. table in reality.

At the uncultivated level, people perceive emotionally by the pre-five consciousnesses (eye consciousness, ear consciousness, rate consciousness, tongue consciousness, and body consciousness) and then proceed to perceptual perception by the sixth consciousness (consciousness). ; all those perceptions are trained in the eighth consciousness (store consciousness) called seeds; that which is trained in the eighth consciousness (called the seed of the new humiliation) is preserved by this consciousness and automatically changes over time according to the content of the training of the eighth consciousness, for the eighth consciousness itself has contains existing seeds (called native seeds). If the trained content of the eighth consciousness has prominent wholesome factors, the seeds are more likely to be awakened in the wholesome direction; and vice versa, they will be awakened to evil inclinations. The seventh and eighth consciousnesses are always quietly active and changing throughout the life of an individual. Here, we only introduce the cognitive process in ordinary individuals, not going into the Buddhist doctrine of liberation.



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