Posted on: July 1, 2022 Posted by: admin Comments: 0

From the view of form – without looking at quantum physics, we see that if in Buddhist understanding, the impermanent characteristic of all things is the only permanent thing; then in modern physics it is the uncertainty of the quantum world that is the only determinism.


In 1927, Werner Heisenberg [1]a young physicist who was a fan of Albert Einstein (was inspired by the father of relativity to pursue the path of physics from there. [2]), published work that is considered one of the greatest scientific discoveries of the twentieth century, it even made his idol, the genius Einstein, spend the rest of his life thinking about it. but still can’t accept [3]: It is the uncertainty principle in quantum physics.

This principle can be stated simply to the masses that it is not possible to determine the position and velocity of a quantum at the same time, and the more precisely we determine the value of this quantity, the better. determine the difference in the value of the other quantity [4]. Erwin Schrodinger [5] described the principle with a famous thought experiment later called “Schrodinger’s Cat,” with a cat representing the subatomic particles contained within the capsule. box with vial of poison. The cat will then have a state of 50:50 that is both alive and dead until we open the box, similar to the quantum particles that are both present and absent, ie both have and do not have a taste. position or a specified speed, until a measurement is made [6]. This also implies that the observer’s observable behavior produced the observed result; That is to say, when we proceed to identify a phenomenon, we also intervene to change that phenomenon. Is it possible that, with quantum physics, science is not objective and definite knowledge, but only subjective and random knowledge like what Einstein asked: “Does the moon exist only when I look up? it?” [7].

2. EINSTEIN’s objection and the separation of the two paths of perception of reality

That notion of quantum uncertainty made the “last classical physicist” [8] Albert Einstein did not accept and constantly raised challenging and critical views [9] the very theory on which he himself laid the foundation. Interestingly, Einstein’s misunderstandings in the process of opposing and arguing about quantum theory have contributed to opening new horizons for this fledgling theory, the very fundamental questions of a master of physics. Only geniuses like Einstein can do a miracle: “Use the wrong to perfect the right” [10]. Einstein’s famous EPR thought experiment with 02 associates [11] is one of those “great mistakes”, even though Niels Bohr [12] – the father of quantum theory – brilliantly argued, it has also helped quantum physicists better understand and describe quantum entanglement. [13].

Einstein’s objection to quantum theory not only represented the dichotomy of the two pillars of modern physics, relativity, which accurately describes the “infinitely large” of stars and galaxies. , Einstein’s discovery – and quantum theory (the theory of the infinitesimals of subatomic particles) founded by Niels Bohr, W. Heisenberg, whose dichotomy also represents separation Declared two lines of scientific thinking, two ways of looking at the natural world: One side seeks for certain and definite (Einstein as Delegate) and the other side admits randomness and uncertainty (ie the point of view of quantum physicists).

Einstein’s position, as well as that of deterministic scientists, holds that “God doesn’t play dice” and sees the admission of randomness as nothing but a cover-up for impotence. , lack of understanding before something difficult [14]. But the world of quantum physicists is not without trying to find definite laws, they just say that they have proven that the microscopic world behaves according to laws that are different from the macroscopic world in which we live. Therefore, quantum particles still obey laws, but of course laws that are counter-intuitive and foreign to human experience. So even Richard Feynman, one of the most prominent quantum physicists, had to say: “I don’t think anyone can understand quantum theory.” [15].

Werner Heisenberg (Photo: collectibles)

Werner Heisenberg (Photo: collectibles)

Just as modern physics splits into two pillars, that’s when physicists start looking for a unified solution, a “Theory of everything” or “Unified Theory”. The grand unified theory, a unified “recipe” that can accurately describe, at the same time, both the infinitely large and the infinitely small. The primary question is how can things be both necessary and random? Or, how can something be there and not be there, both here and there?

3. THE PHYSICAL OF RANDOM AND Uncertainty in Meeting with Buddhist Perception

That’s when the Buddhist perception of form-non-discrimination becomes in tune with the ideal of seeking a unified scientific truth. The EPR paradox of Einstein and two colleagues questions that quantum theory contradicts itself when it says that two photons (photons) A and B, although very far apart, cannot “transmit” each other but have can behave accordingly as if they were still “in touch”. With this view, Einstein intentionally or unintentionally fell into “local realism”, which holds that each part of reality is a separate, independent element, so that each part of reality is a separate and independent element. Quantum particles must have a definite coordinate and orbit, ie have a “locality” and when separated, cannot be related to each other. [16]. While quantum mechanics rejects the “locality” of the quantum world. In other words, quantum reality is a unified whole and each photonic particle A or B is a coherent element in that whole, cannot be separated, so they never “break contact” with each other. together.

That reality can be related to the Buddhist theory of Dependent Origination: Having A is because there is B, A is not A if B is not B. [17]. Or say as folk wisdom: After giving birth to a child, a father is born, that is, a father is only a father when a child is present and vice versa. The distinction between A and B, or father and son, must therefore be understood as merely an instrumental distinction, no different than the distinction between the two ends of a string or the two sides of a coin. All are inseparable fragments of a real whole interwoven in what Buddhism calls coincident and dependent origination, creating the interdependence, interdependence, and interdependence of all things, making us cannot affect one without making some change in the other [18]. And from that knowledge, we can also see the reality discovered and recently described in “chaosism” with a good example of the “butterfly effect”: A butterfly flapping its wings in Brazil can cause a storm in the mid-Pacific.

From the view of form - without looking at quantum physics, we see that if in Buddhist understanding, the impermanent characteristic of all things is the only permanent thing;  then in modern physics it is the uncertainty of the quantum world that is the only determinism.

From the view of form – without looking at quantum physics, we see that if in Buddhist understanding, the impermanent characteristic of all things is the only permanent thing; then in modern physics it is the uncertainty of the quantum world that is the only determinism.

Buddhism has not inherently embraced the ambition to provide a scientific treatise. Buddhism is also not in a position to replace scientists’ answers to measurements and inferences that form the operating laws of the natural world. Buddha and Buddhism only have a mission to care about people, to find the laws of human life to propose solutions to humanity’s problems, to free people from suffering and to determine the way. lead to happiness and well-being. But man still lives in the natural world and nature cannot be itself without man. The harmony or encounter between Buddhism and science. Therefore, the inevitable reunion: Understanding human is understanding about nature, everything and vice versa, there is no knowledge about the natural world that is separate from knowledge about people. It is from that relationship that we see that there is always a door for Buddhism to suggest to scientists how to see the world; Science can also use its knowledge to contribute to human life, as well as to the practice and practice of Buddhism by monks.

The non-discriminatory view and awareness of the interdependence of all things in Buddhism, for a special occasion, have at the same time become the core of modern scientific thinking. As His Holiness the Dalai Lama once asked the famous physicist David Bohm: “From the point of view of modern science, what is wrong with insisting on the inherent independence of self? body and everything around? Bohm answered emphatically: Just like the doctrines that advocate division of people, such as racism, classism, all have their roots in fragmentation, separate thinking, see humanity as isolated parts of nations, races, and classes, not as a coherent whole. Disasters in history always stem from that way of thinking [19].


In Plum Village, Zen Master Nhat Hanh initiated a method of meditation called “earth touching”, derived from the image of Buddha Shakyamuni on the night of Enlightenment touching the ground to suggest a testimony to the reality of his enlightenment [20]. Mother Earth – Mother Earth – in the view of Plum Village contemplation and perhaps also corresponds to the vision of the Buddha on the night of Enlightenment, is the representative of all species, of all realms, of the infinite.


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