Throughout his life, the Great Master chose a rural village, away from the market, devoted himself to spiritual practice, pure holy life, studied and entered the Tripitaka to a place of erudition, devoted himself to the propagation of the Dharma, and served. beings are not tired.
Among the high monks of contemporary Vietnamese Buddhism, when it comes to the Third Dharma Master, Most Venerable Thich Pho Tue then we have heard words of praise, honor, and praise for his wisdom and practice such as: Buddha Shakyamuni in modern Vietnam; His life is the embodiment of the scriptures; Saints increase their feet in the shining holy life; Steps of the juniper stone pillar of the Church; The monk is smart and simple in the countryside; The modern Buddhist educator…
It is true that his life of nearly 100 years of practice with great contributions to the religion and his life, such praise and praise is very worthy to set an example for posterity to follow. Here we want to approach from a cultural perspective to further elucidate a great cultural personality of the Grand Master, which is evident through 105 years of living in the Sa Ba world.
True monk Thich Pho Tue
1. Concept of cultural personality
Personality is a concept that belongs to the science of anthropology. Literally, personality means the character and qualities of a person. We often hear: Keep a clean personality; respect the personality of a sage. Personality structure includes many components: spiritual and material, spiritual and physical, moral and biological, ideal and real, motivation and behavior… Personality is a value belonging to the cultural category. ethics – aesthetics, so there is cultural personality. In each region, each country due to its historical, cultural, geographical, psychological, ethical, economic, etc. characteristics, personality values are perceived to have different points. Our country and some countries in the Eastern culture often talk about the model: truth, goodness, beauty.
Cultural personality is a lively product with a rich and comprehensive level of development, and is the focused development of individuals in society. The most typical Vietnamese value systems include: Family affection and national great cause, jobs, social justice… In this article, the writer approaches in the sense that the standards create a child’s personality. people with all-round development in terms of physical, moral, intellectual capacity and inclination to follow the principles of community interests, humanity and sustainable development.
2. Behavior of Great Master Thich Pho Tue
Master Thich Pho Tue, nicknamed Bui Van Quy, was born in 1917, in Ninh Binh province. In 1923, he ordained at Quan Pagoda in Ninh Binh, at the age of 8, he was ordained as a novice. In 1934, Venerable Thich Pho Tue began to study at Vien Minh pagoda in Ha Tay province. In 1937, he was ordained as a monk by the Venerable Thich Quang Ton as the leading monk. From 1958 up to now, the great monk has been the abbot of Vien Minh pagoda (the custom name is Giang pagoda) in Quang Lang commune, Phu Xuyen district, Hanoi city.
Throughout his life, the Great Master chose a rural village, away from the market, devoted himself to spiritual practice, pure holy life, studied and entered the Tripitaka to a place of erudition, devoted himself to the propagation of the Dharma, and served. beings are not tired. His career in research, teaching, translation, writing and commenting on sutras is very great, notably the works left for the world such as: The Great Dictionary of Buddhism, the Hundred Example Sutras, the Three Sutras of the Buddha, and the Prajñāpāramitā. Afternoon, Outline of the Lotus Sutra, Buddhist Studies is Wisdom Studies, editing, Vietnamese Tripitaka, translating and editing the Law of the Four Parts…
With great wisdom and virtue, from 1987 up to now, Venerable Thich Pho Tue has been invited to take on many important roles in the Vietnam Buddhist Sangha from central to local levels: Vien Minh Ha, President of the Patriarchate Vien Minh Ha. West; Head of the Buddhist Administration of Ha Tay Province; Principal of the Buddhist Intermediate School of Ha Tay Province; Member of the Supervisory Board of the Vietnam Buddhist Sangha; Standing Vice Chairman of the Executive Council, Deputy Head of the Central Committee for Monk and Nun Education (now the Central Committee for Buddhist Education; Deputy Head of the Central Committee for Sangha; Director of the Vietnam Buddhist Studies Sub-Institute in Hanoi, Vietnam). Noi; Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Buddhist Studies; Vice President and Chief Secretary of the Council for the Certification of the Buddhist Church of Vietnam.
In 2007, at the 6th National Congress of Buddhist Deputies, Venerable Thich Pho Tue was honored as the Dharma Master of the Central Committee of the Vietnam Buddhist Sangha, becoming the third Dharma Master. of the Vietnamese Buddhist Church. From then until the day of his death, the Master was invited by Buddhist monks and nuns nationwide to continue to assume the position of Dharma Chairman of the Central Committee of the Vietnam Buddhist Sangha.
Most Venerable Thich Pho Tue – A shining symbol of Vietnamese Buddhism
Venerable Thich Pho Tue He is not only a monk with profound knowledge of Buddhism and perfect virtues, but also a real old farmer with humility, industriousness and simplicity.
Throughout his life as a monk in a rural temple, even at the age of 80, in addition to the elaborate periods of meditating, chanting, and preaching the Dharma, the Master always worked with his disciples to cultivate crops to feed themselves, without relying on offerings. of the ten directions of faith in the spirit of the Zen tradition of “One day is unworkable, one sun is not real” of Zen.
3. Expressions of cultural personality
The life of more than one hundred years of the great Master Pho Tue in the Ta Ba realm represents a vivid cultural personality of contemporary Vietnamese Buddhism. The great master was a pedagogical person in the forest, strict discipline, high moral life, lived in poverty and lost faith, humbly and patiently, considered wealth as a vanity with great contributions to the religion for the world. The country’s religion as well as the whole church’s support
According to the Venerable Most Venerable Thich Tri Quang – the current Dharma Master of the Vietnam Buddhist Sangha, the virtuous life of the Venerable Dharma Master Thich Pho Tue achieved three things that everyone bows to, namely: is the highest position, the longest life span, the brightest virtue. For more than a hundred years, he has lit up the hearts of many generations. From the time he entered the Way with his feet, he was diligent in his practice, and the lamp of wisdom became brighter day by day. Whether in difficult times plowing the land to grow vegetables in agricultural cooperatives, or when he was honored by the Church as the supreme Dharma Lord, he still single-mindedly lived in poverty. In a simple shack, under the roof of an ancient pagoda, even though the weather changed, even though the turn of the tide, he was still solemn in the way of escaping the world: Reciting rosaries in his hands, reciting Nam-mo in his mouth. The golden verse of the Buddha’s Three Classics, the Buddha’s recitation of the Buddha’s name have become the breath of the Church, transmitting the network of the Buddha’s teachings. He has quietly kept the lamp of wisdom of the Tathagata passed down by the Patriarch. He often taught: One-pointedly reciting the Buddha’s name. His teachings of body and speech have lit up the faith of the Dharma for many Buddhists. In particular, before giving up the illusory body, worrying about the discipline of the Church, you kindly instructed us to establish a Council of Rulers. We have fulfilled Your Highness’s noble wish. It is the priceless legacy he left for the Vietnamese Buddhist Church today and forever…” 
Mr. Do Van Chien, Secretary of the Party Central Committee, Chairman of the Central Committee of the Vietnam Fatherland Front, praised the Venerable Master’s morals: “With 85 years of age, 105 years of life, the Venerable Venerable Master is an eminent and religious monk. high, dignity rare ever before. The Venerable Master’s spiritual life has made great contributions to the Dharma and to the cause of national unity.”
The government newspaper has a very accurate assessment of the Master’s virtues, wisdom and contributions to the world: “He is a monk who has profound knowledge of the Buddhadharma, perfect virtue, and is recognized by the State. and awarded many noble titles: Order of Ho Chi Minh, Medal of Independence, Second Class, Order of Great National Solidarity, Certificate of Merit from the Prime Minister and many other noble titles. The Venerable Most Venerable Thich Pho Tue is a famous cultivator who is well-versed in ancient metals, generous, and has lived a life of poverty and seclusion in a pure rural temple. He has made great contributions in compiling and translating many works on Buddhism in Vietnam.” 
The Master’s simple, close and humble virtue was praised by Nguyen Hue through the respect of the people: “For the people of the region, the Elder Most Venerable Thich Pho Tue is not only a profound Buddhist monk. law, perfect virtue, but also a true farmer with the virtue of being good at doing things, industrious and simple. Because, throughout his life, outside of ceremony or preaching, the Venerable Master always worked with his disciples to cultivate their bodies until they were 80 years old.
When the Great Master passed away, leaders of the Party and State shared the same opinion: “For more than a century in the Zen scene, His Holiness the Dharma Master of the Vietnam Buddhist Sangha passed away with the infinite reverence and mourning of his four disciples. them, monks and nuns, Vietnamese Buddhist compatriots at home and abroad. He left behind a legacy of virtue, a pure life, always shining with the will to practice, being the preeminent personality of a high-ranking monk, a lifetime for the Dharma and the nation. In the spirit of serving the Dharma, leading the future, reporting the Buddha’s grace, with more than 100 years of living in the world, 3/4 century of propagating the righteous Dharma, working as a payer in the Buddhadharma, a model in the forest of meditation, Dai The old Venerable Dharma Master is the embodiment of the precepts, the life span of the Buddhadharma. On the supreme throne of the Vietnamese Buddhist Church, he still lives in poverty, leisurely, and freely in an ancient temple in the middle of the lowlands of the Northern Delta. As a true and generous monk, a lifelong recluse on the roof of a temple in a pure countryside, Most Venerable Thich Pho Tue is always surrounded by monks and nuns, Buddhists,…