The four types of boats up and down in the river of love are also the four types of people living in life. Which type of boat to choose, which lifestyle depends on the good roots of each person. For a child of Buddha, it is advisable to find peace and liberation as a reason for living, just like the other boats find a peaceful landing…
At one time, the Blessed One was staying among the Vajji people in the village of Bhanda. There, the Blessed One called the monks:
There are four classes of people, monks, existing in the world. how is four? The class of people who go upstream, those who go against the current, those who stand up to themselves and those who have crossed to the other shore, standing on the mainland. Hey, monks, what kind of people are going upstream? The class of people who enjoy the sex and do evil deeds is called going forward. What is the class of people going against the current? Monks, there are people who do not enjoy sensual pleasures, do not do evil deeds, and live a pure and perfect holy life called going against the current.
The ideal of liberation in Buddhism
What, bhikkhus, is a person who stands still? The kind of person who, because of the cessation of the five fetters, is transformed into a rebirth, and does not return to this life anymore, is called self-standing.
What kind of people have crossed to the other shore, standing on land? This, the monks, there are people who, through the destruction of the taints, realize and abide in the emancipation of the mind, freed by wisdom, are called to have crossed to the other shore and stood on the land. Such people exist in the world.
(DTKVN, Tang Branch I, chapter 4, product Bhandagàma, section Thuan line, VNCPHVN Published, 1996, p.557)
The flow of life flows like a river with boats going up and down. Floating in the stream of birth and death has many joys and sorrows, happiness is less, but suffering and danger are many. Only those who step ashore, stand on the ground with a flat mind and watch the mundane, chaotic river can deeply feel worldly suffering and worldly happiness. In that river of life, follow the flow. Flowing karma is easy. To enjoy and do evil is to conform to the flow of birth and death. The boat of life is crowded, crowded, noisy, fighting and enjoying, gloating to be happy forever, but no one knows that it is quickly going down the evil path.
Then a few boats realized where the landing was, so they turned around, pedaled the waves, crossed the wind and returned to the source. Accepting the tide, turning away from the world, leaving behind the foam and garbage, the boat of monastic life moves forward. Going against the current of the world, the difficulties become many, but wide and empty.
After walking forever, I also returned to the old wharf, in front of the green forest, at the foot is fine sand. The boat of life stops, does not need to be anchored, sleeps peacefully in the deserted wharf because the five waves of fetter are gone. Here the boat has incarnated, does not return to the river of birth and death (resulting in Non-return).
In the same old wharf, there are boats pulled ashore peacefully, the river of love in the past is only a memory. From here, although the river of life is still flowing, the waves of love and afflictions on the river still scream and beat, but the boat from Prajna is still peaceful. Then compassion urged the boat to return to the river to save life. Therefore, the river of life is always bustling up and down.
The four types of boats up and down in the river of love are also the four types of people living in life. Which type of boat to choose, which lifestyle depends on the good roots of each person. For a child of Buddha, it is advisable to find peace and liberation as a reason for living, just as the other boats find a peaceful landing.