Posted on: July 14, 2022 Posted by: admin Comments: 0


Most of the Buddha statues at Buu Hung Pagoda have light colors, not flashy, clothes are not cumbersome and detailed; These Buddha statues exude solemnity and have created a warm space for an ancient temple.

About Buu Hung Pagoda and its geographical location

Buu Hung Pagoda is named in Chinese as Buu Hung Tu (寶興寺), also known as Buu Hung Co Tu (寶興古寺), and because it is located near Ca Cat canal.[1] Therefore, the friends and people around the area often call it Ca Cat Pagoda. This historical – cultural relic in the feudal period belongs to Hoa Long village, Vinh An district, Vinh Thanh town. Before 1975, the pagoda was in Hoa Long commune, Duc Thanh district, Sa Dec province. After April 30, 1975, the pagoda belonged to Hoa Thang commune, Thanh Hung district, Dong Thap province. From August 1989 until now, Buu Hung Pagoda is located in Hoa Ninh Hamlet, Long Thang Commune, Lai Vung District, Dong Thap Province.[2].

The pagoda has a total area of ​​about 13,760 square meters[3]in which the area of ​​the front hall and main hall is 314m2, the area of ​​​​the lobby and the ancestral house is 288m2, the area of ​​​​the lecture hall is 198m2, the rest are tru houses, nuns, ornamental yards, ponds, orchards. and ancillary works.

The main hall of Buu Hung Pagoda

Statue of worship at Buu Hung Pagoda

In Buu Hung Pagoda, there are 58 worshiping statues, of which there are 26 wooden statues, one bronze statue, 20 cement statues and 10 ceramic statues. The wooden statues all date from the 19th and 20th centuries. In addition to the statue of Amitabha Buddha sent by King Minh Mang as an offering, Buu Hung Pagoda also has other statues carved out of wood such as: the set of Dharma protectors that promote good and punish evil, the wonderful upper ego, Tieu Dien Dai, Envoy Gia Lam, Quan Cong, Emperor Jade Emperor, Nam Cao – Bac Dau, and the set of Ten Palaces of Hell, etc. These statues are of high value in terms of chronology as well as sculptural art.

1- The worshiping statues are dated at Buu Hung Pagoda

Amitabha Buddha statue: worshiped in the main position of the main hall of the main hall, dating from the second year of Minh Mang (ie 1821). King Minh Mang, after ascending the throne, had a statue of Amitabha Buddha sculpted and sent as an offering to express his gratitude to the Venerable Buu Hung Pagoda for protecting his ancestors (Nguyen Anh – King Gia Long) in his refuge. Tay Son. The abbot at that time was the Most Venerable Tien Thien Tu Lam. The statue is carved of jackfruit wood, 2.3m high including the lotus, painted with gilded vermilion, but after a long time, the statue has faded. Under the lotus pedestal, there is a pedestal of Buddha statue made of black painted wood, carved with patterns, the patterns are gilded, with a height of 0.43m, surrounded by decorative frills and patterns, four pedestal legs. carved decorative lotus pattern.

The statue of Amitabha Buddha is carved in a sitting position, meditating on a lotus flower, at Buu Hung Pagoda.

The statue of Amitabha Buddha is carved in a sitting position, meditating on a lotus flower, at Buu Hung Pagoda.

The statue of Amitabha Buddha is carved in the lotus position, sitting cross-legged and meditating on a lotus – also known as the Vajrasana (Vajra Treasure) posture, with two crossed hands placed on the thighs, the tips of the thumbs touching each other. , eyes closed meditation, long ears, shirt covering the shoulders, on the chest engraved swastika (卍 – svastika) big, red. Unlike the Buddha statues in the sculptural culture of Champa or Oc Eo, the Buddha statue in Buu Hung pagoda has a bold Vietnamese style. The lines of carving art in the style of chisel have depicted the good general of a Buddha. The statue is carved with a peaceful smile, a relaxed sitting posture, creating a friendly and close relationship; at the same time, thereby expressing the desire for a peaceful and optimistic life of Vietnamese children in the early 19th century.

As is known, this is one of the two statues sent to the South by the Hue court for offerings. The first statue was donated to Khai Tuong pagoda in Gia Dinh and the second statue was donated to Buu Hung pagoda. When comparing the two statues with each other, the writer noticed that the size, height, sitting posture and style of the statue have many similarities. Therefore, we can say that the Buddha statue at Buu Hung Pagoda and the Buddha image at Khai Tuong Pagoda (now kept at the Ho Chi Minh City Museum) have the same origin and date. Up to now, the statue of Amitabha Buddha in Buu Hung Pagoda has been 199 years.

In addition to Amitabha Buddha, Buu Hung Pagoda also has other wooden statues of high artistic value, such as:

The Dharma Protector Statue encourages good – punishes evil: are two statues placed on either side of the Amitabha Buddha’s table[4], the statue of Dharma Protector promotes good and evil is on the right side of Amitabha Buddha’s table (looking from the inside). Two statues with the same height, nearly 2.1m, are seated on the altar with a height of 1.05m and a width of 0.68m.

The statue of the Dharma Protector is carved with a gentle face, wearing a golden hat, wearing armor, with a tiger in the waist, long beard to the abdomen, eyes looking straight, right hand holding a sword, the tip of the sword is propped up. on the dragon’s horns at his feet, holding a jade in his left hand (but this gem may have been lost over time), his feet wearing comedy-toe shoes, standing on a relief carved with a dragon hidden in the clouds. The statue has a strong, non-directional style of a dharma protector. The sword in the hand is a symbol of wisdom in Buddhism. That sharp wisdom is ready to cut off all worldly delusions. The bright pearl in the hand is to illuminate and lead people to the light path.

The statue of the guardian of evil, carved with a fierce face, rolling eyes, an aggressive beard, wearing a golden hat, a majestic appearance, majestic majesty, wearing armor, holding a hammer in his right hand. , with his left hand in a martial posture, with his feet wearing comedy-toe shoes, standing on the dragon’s body. The statue shows a strong demeanor, with the meaning of being ready to destroy evil, deter people with bad behavior, help them look back and correct themselves.

The statue of Shakyamuni was born: worshiped at the Cuu Long Phu Thuy table located in the front street, the altar face rotates inward to face the table of Amitabha Buddha. The whole altar is carved with wood. Above the birth statue are separate wooden frames attached to each other with very beautiful decorative patterns. The front frame is carved with nine dragons with nine different postures, taking the image of a dragon’s head on the top of the frame as a standard, these nine dragons spray water to worship the Buddha. In the center of the altar is a statue of Buddha carved in the form of a child, with his naked body wrapped in a scarf like a dress with a knot in front of his stomach, two feet standing on a lotus, one hand pointing to the sky and the other pointing to the sky. earth represents the sentence: “Heaven in the heavens, the only one and only one”. That is, in heaven and on earth, only I am the noble one. “Self” here refers to the Buddha’s mind, only the Buddha’s mind is noble, unborn and immortal, the goal of the good of all beings. This is a common model that appeared in pagodas after the seventeenth century, later contemporary statues changed the bottom skirt to a band of towels over the shoulders and tied at the hips in the style of Theravada Buddhism, or sometimes fully sculpted clothes.

On the frame of the nine dragons in the clouds, there are many statues of Buddhas, Bodhisattvas, gods, etc., to depict a miniature Buddhist world. The whole altar is shown as a historical picture of the birth of Prince Siddhartha. Each carved pattern is delicately sculpted. The altar is carved with four spirits (long, unicorn, turtle, worship) to worship. Statues of all shapes and sizes are placed on the frame of the nine dragons as if to express the joy of all three realms when the Buddha appeared in the place of Saha: the gods played music and offered flowers, the Buddhas in the ten directions and three generations of the Buddhas. praising and praising and the nine dragons sprayed water to bathe the Tathagata’s body. This is a beautiful, sacred symbol in Buddhist culture, showing respect and praise for the merits of the Buddha.

The amazing statue of Jizhong is worshiped in the left wing of the main hall, placed in the middle and shared at the table with the statues of Ksitigarbha and Guan Yin Bodhisattva. The two statues of Guanyin – Jizong are both cast in cement, standing on a lotus, painted with gilded vermilion, 1.5m high. The amazing Jizhong statue has a black outer coating, this is a layer of paint that has been pre-painted many times to fasten the soil and fabric to the wood before gilding the statue.[5]. Previously, the statue was also painted with gilded lipstick, but due to a long time, the paint on the outside has peeled off, leaving only a little bit clinging to the edges of the statue and the lines of the shirt are still reddish brown. The statue is carved in a relaxed sitting position on top of the deacon, with a full face, a crown of scepter, left hand placed across the abdomen on the hand holding a wish-fulfilling jade, the right hand is raised across the chest in the posture of holding a staff. The staff is no longer available), the body is dressed according to Northern Buddhism. The statue sits in a peaceful, free posture. The child below as a throne is carved in a prostrate position, with its head turned to look at Jizhong, a happy face. Dehear is considered a mascot that can hear everything in the three worlds, helps Ksitigarbha Bodhisattva to distinguish true from false, right from wrong, wish-fulfilling jade with transparent light that can illuminate the path of ignorance and save life. sentient beings transcending hell.

Statue of Tieu Dien Dai Dai: In Buu Hung Pagoda, there are two sets of statues of Tieu Dien Dai Dai and Protector of Vi Da, placed on either side of the Cuu Long Phu Thuy table. Two statues of Dharma Protector Vi Da and a statue of Tieu Dien in front are cast in cement, painted with gilded paint. Particularly, the statue of Tieu Dien at the back right of the Cuu Long Phu Thuy table is carved out of wood, 1.15m high. The statue’s clothes are painted in dark brown with dark blue edges. On his head, he wears a statue of Bodhisattva Guan Yin, left hand on hip, right hand in a position of holding a flag (this flag is no longer available), he wears armor and has no shoes on his feet. In addition to worshiping to worship, this statue is often invited to worship at the funeral ceremony at Buu Hung Pagoda.

Gia Lam – Giam Trai Statue: These are worshiped statues representing the Dharma Protector in the place of submission. Just like the interesting statue of Jizhong, these statues also have faded clothes, clearly showing the paint color often used in the art of statue carving, making the statue even more calm and ancient.

In addition, on the main hall of Buu Hung pagoda, there are also statues of Shakyamuni Buddha, Maitreya statue, Van Thu statue, Pho Hien, Chuan De Bo Bodhisattva… These are statues with contemporary design but close to…

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