Practicing Buddhist rituals is seen as an elaborate period of spiritual practice, whether performed in monasteries, temples or public places, festivals, and homes. rituals in the religious life of monastics as well as lay Buddhists.
1. General comments
Since the 3rd century BC, Buddhism has been present in Vietnam, up to now, nearly 24 centuries. Since the early years of the Common Era, Vietnamese Buddhism has been associated with the nation’s destiny, accompanies the Vietnamese nation, and has made enormous contributions to nation building and defense throughout the development process. of history.
The leading prestigious humanities and social science researchers in Vietnam, as well as internationally, have all recognized that, in Vietnam, Buddhism has been localized for a long time and continuously, becoming an element. important core in the culture of the Vietnamese nation
Culture is the soul of a nation, the driving force for socio-economic development. Culture is a very broad category, which is a product only found in humans, created and developed in the relationship between people and society. On the contrary, culture has a significant impact on creating people, maintaining sustainability and social order. Culture is passed from generation to generation through education. Culture is the level of development of man and of society expressed in the forms of organization of human life and actions as well as in the material and spiritual values created by man.
It is difficult to come up with a concept of culture that is accepted by all, all genders. Currently, there are at least hundreds of definitions and concepts of different cultures from different perspectives. Normally, in a narrow sense, culture in Vietnamese refers to education and lifestyle. In a broad sense, culture is a complex whole that includes fields of thought, literature, faith, law, art, history, beliefs, customs, practices, lifestyles, and morals. …including Ceremonies.
In harmony with the flow of national culture, Buddhist Rituals Vietnam has contributed to building a cultural and ritual life for the Vietnamese people in general, and for Vietnamese Buddhism in particular.
In order to inherit and develop Vietnamese Buddhism in the current context, we present a number of universal issues in the current state of Vietnamese Buddhism. Through that, we offer a number of directions and solutions to promote the achieved results and overcome some outstanding problems of our present with the desire to contribute a very small part in the sustainable development of Vietnamese Buddhism in the hearts of the nation.
The core of Buddhism is a great education, teaching people to perfect their moral character, develop intellectual capacity to the maximum like Buddha; bringing people from ignorant ordinary people to the position of wise saints; liberating people from the dark place of suffering to the peaceful shore of liberation and enlightenment. The goal of education in Buddhist rituals according to the teachings of the Buddha is to improve human wisdom and moral character towards the realm of compassion and selflessness.
The true, supreme and eternal human value of human beings has only been since the beginning of time Buddha Shakyamuni When fully enlightened, humanity really has the most correct, most humane and most meaningful view: Humans have the ability to eliminate the source of suffering, overcome all bondage, and achieve wisdom. liberation, reaching a positive life, full of joy and happiness.
The career of seeking enlightenment and enlightenment of the historical Buddha Shakyamuni is an extremely vivid and eloquent demonstration of a great truth of humanity: An ordinary human being is completely capable of eliminating all things. suffering, ignorance, gaining wisdom that sees things as they really are, understands the nature of all things and phenomena, and lives happily ever after. Practicing Buddhist rituals, reciting the scriptures that the Buddha enlightened and taught will lead the practitioner to achieve the wisdom of merit and virtue towards the ultimate goal of enlightenment and liberation.
2. Application of Buddhist Rituals in monastic life
The Vietnamese Buddhist ritual itself is a practice and practice towards liberation and enlightenment. We, have we deeply recognized the Buddhist Ritual as a method of spiritual practice, and at the same time an effective means of propagating the Dharma.
We observe, it seems that most pagodas follow Northern Buddhism, every day from 4 to 6 times practice the ritual recitation of mantras such as: Surangama Mantra, Ten Mantras, Di Da Sutra, Kim Cang , Phap Hoa, Pho Mon, Medicine Master, Jizong, the penitential ceremony of Hong Danh, Mong Son, Tu An … consider it as a practice of cultivation.
The monks follow Hoa Nghiem sect, only regularly practice bowing, reciting and chanting the Hoa Nghiem Sutra, studying and teaching the Hoa Nghiem Sutra.
Practitioners practice according to the Dharma Flower School, specializing in the practice of reading and chanting the Lotus Sutra six times a day. This method is also a method of cultivation to attain enlightenment and liberation
There are practitioners who specialize in practicing the chanting ceremony: Namo Dieu Phap Lien Hoa Sutra, both chanting and prostrating
There are yogis who spend their whole life just chanting the Lotus Sutra and prostrating each word and also achieve the result of attaining the wisdom of liberation.
The monks follow Tantra, often perform the ritual of chanting mantras, the initiation ceremony to practice cultivation.
There are people who follow the Pure Land sect, specialize only in the practice of sealing the name of Amitabha Buddha, prostrating to one name of Amitabha Buddha.
With thousands of methods, practicing rituals, reciting sutras can be considered as a sect of Buddhism. Buddhism is inherently the way of wisdom, enlightenment, and liberation, so any category belonging to Buddhism is aimed at the Buddhist principle of enlightenment and liberation, including rituals. Therefore, the most important thing is that we need to pay attention and focus on emphasizing the principle of liberation practice of the Vietnamese Buddhist Ritual.
The meaning of the tones of the Dharma tools in Buddhist rituals
Practicing Buddhist rituals is considered an elaborate period of spiritual practice, whether performed in monasteries or temples or in public places, festivals, and Buddhist homes. of rituals in the religious life of both monastics and lay Buddhists.
We secretly think that the honorable leaders of the Central Ceremonial Committee, the province, the locality, the members, the abbots, monks and nuns, or are responsible at the monasteries when doing the Refuge ceremony or Buddhist teachers should advise lay Buddhists every day, if they can’t go to the temple to attend the chanting courses, they should practice chanting rituals in front of the Buddha’s table at home. This will greatly contribute to the mission of spreading the beneficial Dharma of our Buddhism. Rituals are an integral part of all religious beliefs.
All forms of Buddhist rituals and activities are aimed at enlightenment, liberation and salvation of sentient beings, the role of Buddhist rituals will be raised to a new height in line with the era of public science and technology. modern technology.
3. Buddhist rituals contribute to the sustainable development of the Vietnamese Buddhist Church
Education in Buddhist rituals also plays an important role in the sustainable development of the Vietnamese Buddhist Church.
In addition to the positive achievements that we have achieved, there are many limitations in our Vietnamese Buddhist ritual education that need to be overcome, such as organizational problems, training problems, lack of qualified teaching staff. qualification. We do not have a curriculum for teaching Buddhist rituals for Buddhist schools, nor in monasteries.
Ritual of worshiping Buddha to become Dao
Applying modern media, advanced technology, educational methods and preaching the Dharma appropriately, in order to support the education of Buddhist rituals, and contribute to the propagation of the Dharma to achieve high efficiency. best.
Studying a plan to educate Vietnamese Buddhist rituals for lay Buddhists in a formal and methodical manner, contributing to the propagation of Buddhism, and extensive service to humanity in all aspects of social life.
Establishing a high-quality Research Center for Buddhist Rituals (National Cultural Rituals), gathering monks and nuns with profound knowledge of Buddhist rituals, enlisting the support and cooperation of professors and scholars , a researcher sympathizing with Buddhism to study the application of Buddhist rituals in education and life.
Organizing quality seminars / seminars on Buddhist rituals, solving unclear issues. It is necessary to coordinate with the Vietnam Institute of Buddhist Studies and specialized departments to make some efforts to create some achievements and enlist the support of the Church at all levels.
Emphasis is placed on spreading the teachings, teaching and practicing Buddhist rituals rather than practicing beliefs in monasteries.
Considering each region and region with conditions, establish a Center for Buddhist Ritual Research, contributing to increasing the prestige of the Church.
The problems and solutions we present above are not completely new, but practical, systematic and feasible in the current conditions with the concern of a Buddhist disciple. Wishing that the Buddha would bless our Vietnamese Buddhism to develop sustainably, the Central Ceremonial Board increasingly promoted its position, worthy of inheriting the spirit of compassion, wisdom, and protecting the nation and the people. two thousand years of accompanying the nation.
Dr. Like Female Thanh Que