On the night of July 13, 2022 (on the 15th day of the sixth lunar month), on the occasion of the commemoration of the Buddha’s turning of the Falun, TT. Thich Nhat Tu gave profound instructions on Buddhist practice to the Sangha and hundreds of Buddhists at the Enlightenment Pagoda (HCMC).
The Venerable Master said that, according to Theravada tradition, the full moon day of the sixth lunar month is the day when the Buddha turned the wheel of dharma and preached the first three suttas, namely the Zhuan Falun, the Sutra of No Self, and the Sutra. Burning World. And in the Book of Sutras, belonging to the Minor Sutras, the first seven weeks after his enlightenment, the Buddha continued to stay in Bodhgaya to form the most important doctrines.
For the first week, he sat at the bodhi tree to experience the transcendent bliss of Nirvana that he had attained. In the second week, His Holiness expressed gratitude to the Bodhi tree that sheltered him from the rain and the sun, a place to help him safely practice meditation and meditation to gain great insight. In the third week, the Buddha formed the doctrine of human perspective, taking people as the center of expression through 6 senses (eyes, ears, nose, tongue, body, mind); the six sense-perceiving objects (form to the eye, sound to the ear, scent to the nose, taste to the tongue, touch to the body, mental visualization of things) and Perception of the senses (sight, hearing, smell, taste, touch, consciousness). On that basis, the Buddha freed people from the bondage of God and gods. Because man’s suffering or happiness depends entirely on his failure or success in managing his senses.
In the fourth week, the Buddha formulated a theory about the worldview, about the law of formation, operation, development, change and destruction of things and phenomena in the world. Also known as the doctrine of dependent origination, it negates idealistic, materialistic, and theistic theories. In the fifth week, the moral doctrine was formed by His Holiness by affirming that the value of a person depends on the noble contributions that person makes to himself and others, not to his class. , gender, skin color, ethnicity, religion, etc. In the sixth week, the Buddha formed skills to overcome adversity with calmness, not panic, fear by experiencing reality. In the last week, two spiritual thrones, Nhi Bao were formed, with Buddha Bao being himself and Phap Bao being the truth he taught when he converted two merchants. After that, he left the Bodhi tree to go to the Deer Park.
The fact that the Buddha chose Deer Park as a place to roll the wheel of truth about enlightenment and liberation is extremely important. Firstly, according to the thought and concept of the ancient Indians, this is the place where God, or Brahma in Brahminism, came down to this earth and created mankind. Secondly, this place has the sacred Ganges river in Indian culture and beliefs. Because they believe that this river has the ability to cleanse, wash away all mistakes and sins. His coming to this place to spread the truth of liberation and enlightenment, first of all to his five fellow initiates, will be a great breakthrough in awakening and realizing spiritual and religious thoughts. which is heavily prayerful, superstitious, and non-causal that most Indians at that time were following.
In the Zhuan Falun, the Buddha stated boldly that there are two wrong ways of life that people should give up, that is, enjoying sensory pleasures and asceticism. Only the middle path can lead to peace and happiness. Then, His Holiness presented the Four Noble Truths, helping practitioners to identify the path, method, and skills to transform suffering and master happiness. The first step is to realize that suffering is a fact of life. The second step is to be wise and honest in finding the right root, the root cause of suffering. Step three is to experience happiness and peace in the absence of suffering. And finally, the method of eliminating suffering by means of the Noble Eightfold Path.
Through reading, reciting, contemplating, and practicing the Buddha’s teachings from the Zhuan Falun Sutra, a Buddhist disciple has the opportunity to re-enlighten his body and mind to perceive suffering, use the right methods and skills to transform, eliminate it and bring benefit and happiness to yourself and others.