Posted on: July 27, 2022 Posted by: admin Comments: 0


A woman educator, cultural house, children’s educator, family educator and above all a true Buddhist of Buddhism. It was through imbuing with Buddhist thought that she had wise and wise methods of family education.

Summary: Female historian Dam Phuong (1881-1947), second daughter of Hoang Hoa District Vuong – 66th son of King Minh Mang, and mother of writer Nguyen Hai Trieu and grandmother of poet Nguyen Khoa Diem. The female historian is a talented woman, writer, journalist, educator, pioneer in social work. She has made many contributions in many fields, especially education. For female historians, xinxing is a prerequisite, a foundation, and education is a supplement to it, making education more complete. With her husband’s family tradition following Buddhism, it has deeply influenced the thought of female historians in family education.

1. EDUCATIONAL VIEWPOINTS OF THE COMMITTEE OF DAMHUONG

1.1. Comprehensive education of talents and virtues for women

According to the female historian**, education must be a development project: Developing the human body, developing knowledge and morality. The educational principles of men and women are the same; they must be comprehensively educated in both morality, physical education, and education. In order to have a good society, it is first necessary to educate from within families and each individual of that family, the female historian said: “A good or bad society is because of good or bad families, but good or bad families. Bad is caused by the education of each family towards each individual. [2, tr.374]. As the founder and founder of family studies, the female historian has attached her name to hundreds of articles revolving around family education, but the frame of reference of the articles on women is the main and behind. then children. It can be said that the sense of feminism is a permanent aspiration and aspiration in the education of female historians.

In the book Women in Family, she wrote: “A woman’s beauty is mostly born from heaven, better than adorning herself. Even if a woman behaves politely due to her temperament, she still has a few natural gifts, but otherwise, she must learn the words of virtue, but after all, no matter how clever a woman is, she should not pass the moral and ethical circle. ; If not, then the intellectual growth, as much as it causes harm, because on the surface, the tongue bends, the words are like honey pouring into the ears, but the heart contains evil like a poisonous snake, murder without a knife, there is a display.” [2, tr.470]. Feminist affirms that education and raising people’s knowledge is the way for women to liberate themselves, the reason why women are disadvantaged compared to men, dependent on men only because of lack of education and knowledge. It’s not enough… Women need to be educated to improve their knowledge, learn to be able to think independently, to recognize right and wrong, to be confident in family and society, to break down the custom of masculinity and femininity. step up the steps to become men and women equal. This, when the Buddha was still in the world, he himself confirmed the nuns, if practicing and still witnessing the four holy fruits (four monastic results), can still lead the nuns to develop not inferior to the Sangha, if that woman is well educated and educated. According to the female history, beauty is not made by money, by beauty jewelry, left by parents, but by friendly and selfless behavior: “Besides, wealth is not a book passed down from father to son. Next time, it is like a cloud floating like a dream, tomorrow is still dark, the gathering is not regular, people should treat each other with charity.”[3].

1.2. Children’s education

After women, the object of female historians’ interest and emphasis in education is children, she said: “Children’s education is the art of arts”. For this work of art, the artist must be talented, educated and ethical. The female historian has high expectations for childhood, in the preface to the book Children’s Education, the female historian writes: “Teenage is the future of the nation, the flower of the race.” [2,tr.481].

“To my husband, we must respect, do not fall in love with love… we must keep the religion as a wife, so that people have to keep their religion as husbands, wholeheartedly and wholeheartedly worry about family affairs, ... women are not slaves of men, submit to morality, not to authority”.

“To my husband, we must respect, do not fall in love with love… we must keep the religion as a wife, so that people have to keep their religion as husbands, wholeheartedly and wholeheartedly worry about family affairs, … women are not slaves of men, submit to morality, not to authority”.

The female historian said that children’s education must be given top priority in all ages: “Before talking about youth education, let’s talk about children’s education first. For children’s education is the foundation for all education.”[2, tr.482]. The progressive feature in the female history’s conception of children’s education is to reject the concept of “human nature and good nature” and consider good – evil, good – bad as the product of education. Mothers need to know how to raise their children and educate them in a method that cannot be left behind in the style of “Heaven gives birth to elephants, heaven gives birth to grass”. It can be said that the views in education of female historians are not new issues, but they are very familiar, because that is the morality of a human being. But through the perception of female history, these issues are exploited, analyzed and explained from a new and modern perspective to build a civilized country, a modern society and a happy family. happiness. Humanist thought, moral philosophy in the composition and education of female historians is not a coincidence but a training and learning. In addition to the Buddhist family tradition, the female historian often comes to the temple to be close to the outstanding and talented monks like Sister Thich Nu Dieu Khong, the nun and the monk also have time to interact and work together. at the Congregation for the Study of Women, founded by a female historian. Monk Vien Thanh at Tra Am Pagoda (Hue) is a disciple of the great Master Vien Giac (Nguyen Khoa Luan) who opened the Ba La Mat Pagoda (Hue). ” in the “Dharma Lotus Flower Sutra” one of the Mahayana texts of Buddhism to give middle names to the daughters of the Nguyen Khoa family. This is a very interesting point, paving the way for those with such good ideas.

There are many articles of female historians talking about educational and humanistic thought. A rare philanthropist, issued on May 10, 1925, expressed his opinion: “If people leave behind a career, there are only two words merit, merit is the original commemoration, bronze statue. The stone stele also comes from there”. The source is in the clean new line tense (Central Bac Tan Van), issue of March 29, 1925, Do not forget gratitude (Trung Bac Tan Van) issue of January 11, 1926… Or Preserving personality (Trung Bac Tan Van) Bac Tan Van) on May 27, 1925, talks about a person’s personality, advises people to preserve their own personality and preserve it for others. have moral values, imbued with Buddhist thought, so that people can relieve suffering and find peace in life. The female historian wrote: “Since the truth is a great value, as if I have lost the hope of the world, then I think I have no honor as a human, so there is a saying that you should never lie. ” [1,tr.291].

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2. THOUGHT OF EDUCATION OF THE FAMILY IN THE BUDDHA SPIRIT OF MASTER DAM PHUONG

2.1. Wife’s Duties

Trung Bac Tan Van newspaper, issue on November 6, 1924; In the Women’s Word section, there was an article: “A woman who wants to keep her rights should have ten things”. In which, there are some typical things that can be said to be profoundly influenced, specifically affecting the Thien Sanh Sutra, Sutra No. 16, in the School of A Ham Kinh. This is the first feminist sutra, female equality and female emancipation. When the Eastern society in general and India in particular, women are very despised, despised and unequal with men, then the Thien Sanh Sutra is the first voice for all mankind about equality, human rights. the woman’s rightful advantage and that voice was emanating from the Buddha’s golden mouth.

The third article in the female historian’s article about the wife’s responsibilities and treatment of her husband, she wrote: “To my husband, we must respect, don’t fall in love but fall in love easily… keeping religion as a wife, so that people have to keep their religion as husbands, wholeheartedly and wholeheartedly take care of family affairs, etc., women are not slaves of men, submit to morality, not to obey about authority”.

In this regard, in the 16th Thien Sinh Sutta, it is also stated clearly:

A wife has 5 things for her husband:

– Wake up first

– Seat behind

– Speak kindly

– Respectfully surrender

– Welcoming the husband’s will

A husband must also have 5 things for his wife:

– Treat each other with ceremony

– The majesty is not harsh

– Dress appropriately

– For trendy jewelry

– Negotiate housework [4].

2.2. Duties of Parents

Regarding the responsibilities and duties of parents, in article 5, the female historian writes: Knowing how to raise children: Giving birth is thanks to the nature of the Creator, not by one’s own will, only the merit of raising a child. I really want to do what I want to do; how to raise children, take care when eating, when in pain, when growing up, advising on study, training in character, building a good breed, changing an important part for men.

For this, the Thien Sanh sutra teaches, parents must take five things to take care of their children:

– Prevent the path to evil deeds

– Show only what is right

– Love to the bone marrow

– Choose a good marriage place

– Depending on the supplier to use. [4].

2.3. Duties of the son and the master-servant relationship

The female historian has applied both Western and Eastern perspectives to say: Children must be filial to their parents. Western proverb: “It is useless if a person is not filial to his parents, even though he is wholeheartedly devoted to others”. Children must also have 5 things for their parents:

– Don’t give in to lack.

– What do you want to do, parents know.

– Not contrary to what parents do.

– Not contrary to what parents taught.

– Do not hinder the right karma that parents do [4].

Trees have roots, water has sources, people are born thanks to their parents, nurtured and molded to have a long back and broad shoulders, so they must be filial to their parents. The bride must treat her mother-in-law as her mother, take care of her parents,…

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