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Among the famous families in the land of Thua Thien Hue during the Nguyen Dynasty, there were a few noble and successful families comparable to the Duke Khanh My family.

Article on Enlightenment Newspaper No. 1159 – Design: BGN/Tong Viet Dien Fine Arts Department

Husband and wife are now eighty

Ten children, four girls and six boys

The first man in the faculty of the second class

First-class second-class concubine

Three girls get married to a noble place

All five boys have passed the university

A filial home full of

Central part here, quiz to know whose house.

Life’s work is like a painting of a crane, history turns pages, today looking back at the dilapidated palace, faded gold and crushed stone, few people still remember the story of the public servants in the past…

Fortunately in the garden of meditation, the scent of the merits of Sister Dieu Khong spread forever. She is known as Ho Thi Hanh, the daughter of Duke Ho Dac Trung and Lady Nhat Dung Chau Thi Ngoc Luong. In her childhood, she was loved like a treasure, a treasure in the glorious house, the pinnacle of wealth in the capital Hue in the early decades of the twentieth century. When he reached the age of brooch, outside the door, he helped the horse-drawn carriage of the prince, wishing for a loved one:

The village of swords and bows shoots and shoots 1

The public servants are looking forward to the stars.

(Nguyen Gia Thieu)

Strangely, no one caught the eye of “Thien Kim Tieu Poet”, who is now a student at the Dong Khanh School, and tends to follow the example of female historian Dam Phuong, who is active in patriotic activities and promotes feminism in Vietnam. society…

In 1929, in order to maintain filial piety with her parents and have pity on six young children who were orphaned mothers, Lady Ho agreed to accept the marriage proposal of Conclave Counselor Cao Xuan Xang, his second son. An Xuan Tu Cao Xuan Duc. The public opinion in Hue was agitated because no one understood the predestined fate, only frowning and lamenting!

Cao Xuan Xang (Ho Thi Hanh) recorded her day of slander:

Is it a wedding or a funeral?

The whole family, big and small, all complain

Co-husband’s illness fades away

Step-wife shoulder to shoulder

Those who speak are stupid, those who speak are foolish

Those who think are bad, those who give liver

Do you know if there are only people involved?

Lift the roof of the boat from the right to decide.

After eleven months of debt, she gave birth to a son, Cao Xuan Chuan, and her husband died.

Female poet Cao Ngoc Anh (Mr. Cao Xuan Xang’s older sister) visited her and wrote the poem:

Last year’s peach blossom, this year’s guest

The scenery looks different every day

Wild flowers around the stream fall

The bird’s nest wanders away from the wall

The fire of love has not cooled down even though it is extinguished

The pool of love is still full of tears though

A block of Faithfulness and Devotion

Life’s debt has been paid, do not borrow.

After becoming a widow, she gradually arranged her family work to focus on studying the Buddhadharma, doing charity work, and making an effort to participate in supporting the Buddhist Revival movement. Following the aspiration of Bhikkhuni Dien Truong (Ho Thi Nhan), she campaigned to build Dieu Duc Nunnery as a training ground. Buddhist nuns country.

The female historian Dam Phuong praised her merits:

Is it really healthy to wear a gentle coat?

Two-word filial piety pays off

Worshiping and raising two-toned children

Loving religion and loving life is one point in

The result has completed the Dieu Duc background

Poor quality products, Phuong Dung

Raise the torch of wisdom for the willow

Like a piece of the full moon in the east sea.

Obeying the will of the monks and nuns, although she upheld the ten precepts, she still kept the body of a layman to facilitate communication and activities in the world. It was not until 1944, when meeting good conditions, she made a wish to receive the Bhikkhu-stilts precept at the Boat Ton Precepts led by the Venerable Giac Nhien as the head monk. Master Bich Phong (On Quy Thien) very happily praised her behavior through a poem in Chinese:

Giving the Noble Truth of the Bhikkhu-stilts


Hou Mon2 is the most liberal of flowers

The beauty of the mind is lacking then

Algae cover the ceiling with the advantage

The fortune-teller before filling in the y

Perfection of mischief tri-human masterpiece

Ningba is mediocre for girls

Hundred chain can lead to the same progress3

Disgusting changes to convenient maintenance


Giving to Bhikkhu-ni Dieu Khong

The late gate escaped a flower branch,

Fragrance from famous poetry at home.

Soon, bored with the world, let go of the advantage,

Because of the desire to carry on a casa.

Glancing at the genius of the crazy times,

Do not accept the common female fate!

The tip of the pole is one hundred yards away

Unless change will recede!

(Translated by Tran Dinh Son)

On one occasion when Sister Dieu Khong visited Saigon, the poet Ton Nu Hy Khuong came to visit and offered a commemorative poem:

Chan Chan

Serving the Master one morning

Old stories want to hear forever

The mind is like light free from afflictions

The soul rests in the place of the Buddha

The nun’s style is still optimistic

The mirror shines so beautiful

Virtue, wisdom, brilliant reputation

Love in the middle of the world

Happy for those who are part of it

Close to taking refuge in the roof of grace

Magical source of incense

Reveal the word: Compassionate feet.

(January 5, 1987)

Bodhisattva Bhikkhu-stilts-ni Dieu Khong entered the world with the great vow “above the Buddha’s path, under the salvation of sentient beings”, appearing in enough form to realize the truth:

All dharmas are not apart from magic,

No time to be magical to understand.

The mind that is not abiding is the mind that is wondrous,

Magic in all directions see the same body.

More than twenty autumns have passed, but the Vietnamese Zen forest is still fragrant. Sincerely revere the old poems so that later people can better understand the behavior and merits of a famous nun in the modern Buddhist revival movement.


1. According to Duong Thu, Dau Nghi, from Mau Lang land, who was an official of the Upper Kingdom during the North and South dynasties, had a beloved daughter who wanted to pick a son-in-law, so he ordered a peacock to be drawn on the screen, a covenant that whoever hit the eye. the public will give her daughter in marriage. Ly Uyen (later King Duong Cao To) shot and got a wife.

2. The residence of the public servant, nobility.

3. “Bach chan can head”, literally means on the top of the pole a hundred yards forward, one more step forward, for example for the courage of the meditator to overcome the consciousness of the pole to reach the realm of great enlightenment.

Tran Dinh Son / Giac Ngo newspaper


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