Posted on: August 6, 2022 Posted by: admin Comments: 0

After being introduced to Thailand, Buddhism was widely accepted because Buddhist teachings emphasizing tolerance, compassion – joy – equanimity were deeply ingrained in the subconscious and way of life of the Thai people.

Buddhism forms morality and personality

Buddha Temple has played an important role in Thai society from more than 700 years since the Sukhothai state, it has become an essential part of daily life and has a close relationship with all walks of life on religious matters, education.

Although temples in modern times no longer play a general education role due to the development of the national education system, Thais still have to visit temples to perform religious rites (1). The temple is still a place where Buddhists can come to satisfy the needs of spiritual emotional life, towards Buddha compassion (2). The pagoda plays the role of maintaining order in society and maintaining traditional culture, learning the morality of being a human, to learn and love, altruism and tolerance (3). In the life of every Thai people, from birth to death, they are always attached to and strongly influenced by Buddhist culture. The rituals are influenced by Buddhism (build an altar with a Buddha image and invite monks to pray for the ceremony). The first ritual is after the baby is born 3 days is the worshiping ceremony (Phi thi Con Phom Phay), followed by the full-month offering (Phi thi visiting Khon Dan), cutting the crown of the hair (Phi Thi Con Phom Phay), … The Thai people give the child to the monk to raise for a certain period of time, and when the child is born, the parents often ask the monks to name their child (Phi Thi Sang Chi), because they believe that the parents will give the child a name. The monk chooses a name that is both beautiful in terms of language and meaning (4), in addition to other rituals such as birthdays and longevity (Phi thi visit bun van le visit bun a du),…

Buddhist philosophy has profoundly influenced all activities of the Thai people and is the glue that protects the harmony and cohesion of the community in Thai society.

In folklore, Buddhism has contributed to the formation of human moral character, in the ritual of cutting the crown of hair, meaning that an adult child will have many good luck in health and good direction. Thus began an adult child who was influenced by Buddhist rituals, along with the educational orientations of family and loved ones about doing good deeds to help others. In addition to the spiritual side, the Buddhist temple As well as a place to take care of children who have difficulty in life, the temples in the countryside have been the childhood home of children in the community to take refuge. These children are often called temple children – Dek Wat. The daily life of the children, who work as housewives, are not paid by the monks, but are given free food and accommodation and are considered to be blessed. Children who come to the temple to take refuge in the temple mostly have poor farmers’ parents who want to send their sons to the monks for help. However, some children in the family have good economic conditions, but their parents still want to send their children to the temple, believing that they will become good children due to the moral guidance of the monks. and teach them discipline and good things about Buddhism. Many people holding high positions in society in the past have grown up as children in the temple, which proves that life in the temple is valuable because the children are raised in a good moral environment.

An important Buddhist ritual that affects the life of any man must go through, that is the “Kan Upsombot or Ordination Ceremony” (entering a temple). According to traditional customs, this is the time for people to learn to be a good person, a meaningful job to bring the most happiness to their parents, so all men must become monks. some time in life. Most Thai men will take the opportunity to express their love for their parents, as shown by entering a monastery before getting married as soon as possible (5) (registration is allowed to enter a monastery). is not less than 20 years old, the time to practice can be from 1-3 months). There are two types of Ordination: Banphacha for the novice, and Upsombot for the monk. A person must undergo 7 years of practice to become a monk (6). If a certain son does not enter the temple to perform the ordination ceremony, he is not considered an adult and does not win respect from the community. The ordained person will be called “Thit” (7). Although the ordination ceremony can take place at any time of the year, it is usually chosen during the 3 months of the rainy season every year because on this occasion the monks will stay in the temple (Though taking care of khaupha sa). During the ordination ceremony, the monastic will answer a number of questions, such as: “Are you a man? Do you owe anyone? Did your parents allow you to be an uncle?”. All these questions are meant to ensure that the young man who is ready, undisturbed from social life to become a monk, can devote most of his time to the study of Buddhism during this time. the value of life in the temple. After a period of practice, the novice monks will become monks and become lay people while others continue their religious life for a while longer (8).

The influence of Buddhism in life cycle rituals

Buddhism has a profound influence on the wedding ceremony (Phi thi tengngan). Before the wedding ceremony, most families invite monks to pray for happiness for the bride and groom. Usually monks are invited from the afternoon before the wedding day. The next morning, the newlyweds brought food offerings to the monks before the wedding ceremony. During the wedding ceremony, monks pray blessings and sprinkle sacred water on the hands of the bride and groom, followed by the participants pouring water from a seashell onto the hands of the couple, the newlyweds kneel on the ground. a low table, each person is wearing a wreath and a white string linked together, to symbolize the attachment to the future life (9).

Buddhism is closely associated with the last life cycle of the people’s lives, funeral ceremonies, (Phi thi thu thup, meaning cremation ceremony). According to traditional custom, after a family member has passed away, it is usually done at home or taken to a temple and then cremated. The monks also play an important spiritual role through these ritual steps… The cremation ceremony is usually conducted in the afternoon of the day, the monks are present and chant during the process until the coffin is buried. The dead are placed on the pyre. A family member of a deceased person offers a yellow robe for the monk to wear to conduct the cremation ceremony… The head monk reads a biographical eulogy about the life of the dead person and then other monks continue. chanting custom. The head monk was the one who started the fire and lit the torch on the pyre. When the work of cremating the body has ended, the family stays to collect the remaining bones and put them in a crock pot. Every year, on holidays, the family brings the ashes to the temple to ask the monks to pray for the soul. deceased person.

Monks have appeared and attached to many important rituals in every person’s life, these rituals are highly educational in the community. From birth to death, the monks along with the temple have been the main spiritual support of the Thai people, it can be said that the monks represent the embodiment of the Buddha in the formation of personality. , educating human emotions and towards the good. In addition to the important rituals in the life of each individual, the educational rituals in the community are expressed a lot through the Buddhist festivals, the festivals are the interaction between the indigenous people and the religious leaders. monks, such as acts of gratitude to monks, and Buddhist teachings.

The blessing ceremony (Tham Bun) has a lot to do with Buddhism and is popular every day. The blessing ceremony always includes activities to make food, and some other utensils … to give to the monks when the family has work, such as: new house offerings, new cars, weddings, funerals .. On this occasion, the host prepares to invite and receive the monks on a set date (10).

During the ceremony, the monk chants in Pali, recites a few short passages, which the host must recite along. The role of women in the family is very important on this day, it is to plan the meal preparation for the monk, that meal must be of high quality, the dish must be varied, and the quantity must be large. , along with desserts and fresh fruits, non-alcoholic drinks (11)…During Buddhist festivals, the annual pagoda festival (Ngan Wat) is usually held in most temples across the country. In the country, especially in rural areas, temple festivals also aim to increase capital to repair, or build more new works of temples. The temple festival is organized for the specific purposes of the temple and also provides an opportunity for people to do good deeds after the harvest season through donation activities, etc. the best and enjoy the best times in every citizen’s life.

Day Buddha’s Birthday celebration (Wan Visakhabucha) is one of Thailand’s most important religious holidays, commemorating the birth and enlightenment of Buddha. This day is considered a great day celebrated across the country, Buddhist flags are hoisted along with commemorative activities held on a nationwide scale. On this occasion, people prepare food, sweets and drinks to offer to the monks, go to the temple near the village and spend most of their time on Buddhist ritual activities. On Visakhabucha Day, most of the activities take place in the temple premises, an indispensable activity on this day is to offer food to the monks, then the Buddhist followers will listen to the monks preach, and continue to participate in the candle procession (Wien Thien) going around the temple in the evening (12). Other important festivals…


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